the Diary of Frederick William Hurst

(originally compiled by Samuel H. and Ida Hurst in 1961)

(typed in electronic format with minor spelling corrections by Joyce Holt in 2000)


Inasmuch as I have seen many ups and downs, and passed through many changing scenes, especially of late years, it has entered my mind to write a brief history of my life.

I was born of Christian parents on the Isle of Jersey, June 30, 1833 (according to the record kept in the old family bible). My father kept the Victoria Nursery, St. Clement's Road, for about four years. My youngest brother, Charles Clement Hurst, was born in the above mentioned nursery, May 28, 1839. In the latter part of that year, I think in September, my father sold out and we embarked on board the steamer, "Transit," and after a voyage of two days we landed at Gravesend, England. From there we went down into Essex to visit our relations. About this time there was quite an excitement raised in regard to the colonization of the islands of New Zealand. My father caught the fever. He thought it would be better to go to a new country, especially as ours was a large family, numbering 6 children, myself included, and most of us young (though if all my brothers and sisters had lived there would have been eleven of us). I am the tenth, consequently the youngest but one. There were four of us boys and two girls.

Sometime in the month of December, 1839, with a company of immigrants we embarked on board the BARQUE BOLTON bound for New Zealand, and after a long weary voyage of five months, the greater part of which time my father and I were very sick, insomuch so that the Doctors thought we would never recover. However, sometime in April, 1840, we landed in what is now the city of Wellington. At that time the trees grew down to the water's edge. These Islands were very thickly timbered with pines and other trees.

The Islands of New Zealand are very mountainous, the climate very temperate and healthy. The aborigines, when we first went there were very friendly and hospitable, but before the end of the year 1840, owing to the imposition and oppression of the whites, the natives took up arms and commenced by murdering whole families. Consequently, every able bodied person, my father and eldest brother among the number, had to turn out and drill, and build forts, etc. The H. M. Frigate NORTH STAR brought troops, but like the American Indians the New Zealanders would not come out in the open field but kept in the brush. It is so long ago that I cannot remember the number of ships of war, or the numbers of regiments of soldiers that came there shortly after the war broke out, suffice it to say, there was a great deal of blood shed before peace was declared sometime in 1847.

Sometime in 1845 my eldest brother, Alfred, joined the militia, and my father and my brother, Alexander, joined the volunteers. I had a desire to join the latter, but was considered too small, indeed I could not present a musket. However, I used to practice shooting with a light fowling piece that father brought from England. Although I did not join any particular company, I, with a number of other boys about the same age, was drilled every afternoon. We would go to school about 10 o'clock A.M. and stay till 2 P.M., then an old sergeant would drill us until 6 P.M. Sometime we would have to go and assist in making fortification.

Long will I remember the month of May, 1846. My father had taken up a tract of land in or near a place called Karori, about four miles from Wellington. We had a young man by the name of Haney Mason working for us. He, my eldest brother, Alfred, and

myself were felling brush and clearing the land for cultivation. The rest of the family were then living in town. On Sunday, the 16th of May, Alfred started early in the morning for provisions, as we were nearly out of food. Not long after he left, our dog, a large Newfoundland, commenced barking most furiously. We ran out of our hut to learn the cause. There we found a man cursing and swearing, and the dog trying to get at the man's throat. We called the dog off and the man went away. At first we thought the natives had come. If they had, we determined to sell our lives dearly, for we knew if we were taken alive, we would suffer an awful death and then be eaten up by the Cannibals.

We were building a large house to live in, and as my youngest sister Amelia's birthday was near at hand, we wanted to get it finished in time; as they talked of coming up to spend the day and bringing a number of young people of our acquaintance. Among the number was the Reverend Jonas Woodward and daughter, and the Misses Edwards. (I would state that the Reverend Mr. Woodward was a Calvinist, and my father, mother, brother Alfred, and sister Selina had joined his church. I would state here that the Reverend Woodward did not preach for hire, but earned his own living elsewhere.)

Well, to return to my story, Sunday passed off quietly. When Monday came we set to work on our new house. We worked all day and the following night with but very little food to eat. We had a little flour in a small cask, but the dog got his head into it and ran into the brush with it sometime Sunday night. There being plenty of game in the shape of birds, I went out and shot some which we roasted and ate with a couple of potatoes, without salt. Monday passed away, still Alfred did not return. As I before stated, we worked all night, and on Tuesday morning, May 18, Alfred arrived bringing not only the provisions, but also the before mentioned young people to spend the day, and a happier day I had never spent.

When I think back it all appears like a dream, but like all other days of pleasure or otherwise, it had an end. In the evening we accompanied them about a mile on the road and then Haney and I returned; my brother, Alfred, intending to return the next morning. After returning home, Haney amused me all the rest of the evening, telling tales of Lord Nelson, and other noted characters. Just after we had turned into bed the dog barked and presently we heard footsteps. We got our gun ready, then hailed. Much to our surprise, we were answered by both Alfred and Alexander, they informed us they had come to fetch us home, for Rangiheta, the chief in command over the Natives, was going to take the city of Wellington the next morning and eat up all whites for breakfast. They also informed us that father and mother were very uneasy about us, and previous to leaving home they had promised to be back by midnight at the latest.

Before leaving, however, we thought we would try and eat up all the provisions so as not to leave anything for the enemy. Again we wanted to be prepared for any emergency, for we did not know what might happen. After eating, we decided to wait for the moon to arise, as our road lay through a very dense forest the first mile or two. As soon as the moon arose we took up our line of march as follows: Alfred went in advance with the cow, armed with a firing piece loaded with ball; Haney Mason next with Sundries, armed with a musket loaded with bullets; then Alexander, with the bedding and a bayonet; and I brought up the read leading a one year old steer, and armed with an American axe.

When we got within two miles of home, we met a large company of men under the command of Mr. Rapp, a lawyer. When they met us they called out, "Who comes there!" Instead of Alfred answering, "A friend," he merely said "Me." The men,

according to orders, presented their muskets ready to fire at us, but Alexander called out, "FRIEND" and then they let us pass. We reached home in safety just before daylight and found them in dreadful fright, they thinking we had fallen into the hands of the enemy.

Several Men of War were laying in port, also H. M. War Steamer INFLEXABLE. All the men who could be spared were sent on shore, for it was expected that the enemy would attack the town early in the morning. However, morning came and no enemy, they learning through their spies we were too well prepared to receive them. I was never more fatigued in my life, and enemy or no enemy, as soon as we reached home, I lay down and fell asleep, for I had been up three nights.

Sometime in September following, my father leased another piece of land in Karori, close by the main road. They had built a fort at this place out of large pine logs. There was quite a large settlement there at that time. About this time, Haney Mason left us and shipped on board H. M. Frigate COLLIAPE. Alexander was still living at Mr. James Taines Groceries Hardware and Earthenware store. Soon after father had taken the land I mentioned, Alfred, Clement and myself went to work on it, but Alfred was sparking at the time, and consequently, Clement and I were left to ourselves most of the time. Father had a nursery in town and that required all of his attention. Indeed, sometime he would be very sick for he was much troubled with the Asthmatic cough, and was, therefore, unable to do much work.

I remember a little circumstance that happened one day as Clement and I were at work digging a piece of ground. He accidently fell with his right arm under my spade just as I was chopping out a root. If the spade had been sharp, it would have taken his hand off, but as it was it cut through a muscle but broke no bones. Alfred took him to town and I was left alone all night to reflect on my clumsiness, and I resolved to be more careful in the future.

Seeing Alfred was careless and indifferent about the farm, and that, young as I was, I had to attend to everything, I thought to go on my own hook, so much against Alfred's will, I took a situation at Mr. Robert Langdon's Grocery, Hardware, and Ironmonger's Store. I have wished a thousand times since that I had been apprenticed to a carpenter, however, I entered upon my new duties about December 1846. I stayed with Mr. Langdon till the latter part of 1847, soon after hostilities had ceased and peace was declared.

I had nearly forgotten a little circumstance that occurred about the close of the war as follows. One Sunday, while all the folks were in Church, an alarm was sounded that the Natives had attacked the other end of the settlement, two miles from our house and six miles from town, and they were burning houses and everything before them. The Reverend Jonas Woodward was right in the middle of his sermon when the messenger burst open the doors and roared out at the top of his voice, "The natives have come, the natives have come." Out ran the parson followed by most of the congregation, leaving the balance fainting and screaming. As there was nobody to look after them, the poor little dears had to come to as best they could. As stated before, the preacher and most of the congregation had rushed to the scene of action named. In the meantime a messenger had been dispatched to town for reinforcements, but the whole affair turned out to be a hoax. A girl by the name of Susan Hallard, out of sheer devilment, had raised all the

fuss, and even went so far as to light a fire in the center of their own house and the people got there just in time to save it from burning down. Besides, she was throwing stones into the neighbors' houses, smashing their windows.

Through the persuasion of my brother, Alfred, I left Mr. Langdon's toward the latter part of the year, 1847, and again tried farming. He bought several cows and we started on a large scale, keeping a dairy. In the meantime the whole of our family had moved into the country, with the exception of Alexander, who still lived with Mr. Taines. I spent the whole of the year 1848 at home, farming or clearing land. Nothing of importance transpired until about the 15th of October when the city of Wellington was nearly destroyed by earthquake. Most of the brick and stone houses and chapels were destroyed, and scarcely a chimney escaped being thrown to the ground, also some two or three persons killed, and one human actually died with fright.

According to the traditions of the natives, this Island was entirely broken up by earthquakes about 100 years previous, in fact, soon after we landed we were almost shook out of our beds, and not a year elapsed without minor shocks were felt. Strange to say, they were nearly always felt after heavy rains, indeed at the time I am writing about there had been uncommonly heavy rains.

The first shocks were felt about 20 minutes past 2 a.m. Monday. Being slightly sick with a headache, I was lying awake at the time, the wind was blowing a hurricane, and the rain pouring down. On a sudden the wind and rain ceased, a dreadful rumbling sound was heard, speedily followed by a heavy earthquake shock. At first the house reeled to and fro and then appeared to sink into the earth. I cannot describe my feelings on that occasion. Many people stated that every time they felt a shock, it caused them to feel sick, for my part, it made me feel like Pat did when he visited his lady love, my heart flew into my mouth.

Next morning I accompanied my brother, Alexander, into town. When we arrived there, all was confusion. The people thought surely the world was come to an end or that the whole city was going to be swallowed up. The day was very dark and cloudy. Many people left the city and went to the mountains; the earth was not quiet till Tuesday morning, then the clouds cleared away and the sun shone brightly. I never saw a finer or more pleasant day; most people thought that the earthquakes had ceased and set to work rebuilding their chimneys that had been thrown down, but about half past two p.m. there came a shock much heavier than the first. Alfred and I were in the bush at the time and I never shall forget the way the tall pines clashed one against another. Some were torn up by the roots, limbs and branches were falling in all directions, but we escaped unhurt and immediately returned home.

The people assembled from one end of the settlement to the other to the meeting house, and the next day was set apart for fasting and prayer. All the vessels there, lying in port, were filled with frightened multitudes, and in fact one vessel started to go to Sydney, New South Wales, but got wrecked before they got out of the heads and barely escaped with their lives. The vessel was totally lost.

Thursday morning about 5:30 o'clock, we experienced another shock, heavier than any previous, this brought everything to the ground that was not made of wood. The people flocked to the Chapels that were left standing. Many became what they called converted and joined the various churches, many put me in mind of the prophets of Baal, they would shout and roar as if their God was asleep or on a journey, ...

(Here a page is missing from the Journal. The next page begins with his brother, Alexander's sickness.)


When the doctor arrived and saw the condition he was in, said, "How you have been deceiving me, I have been murdering you." He soon ascertained that my brother was severely ruptured, and immediately sent for another doctor. Finally four of the best doctors attended him, had him removed to a hospital and then they operated upon him, but he died shortly afterward. Before he died however, he told the doctors he had ruptured himself several times, but had kept it to himself. It makes me sad to think over these reminiscences of the past, consequently I will close this chapter and rest a while.

After the death of my brother Alexander, I felt that I must exert myself more than ever and try all in my power to make up for the loss of my brother's help and comfort my parents and brothers and sisters. I felt that I could not do too much for them, in fact, I felt that I must be a man. Well, afterward Mr. Taines, with whom my brother had been living, offered much higher wages than I was getting at Messers. Landon and Spinkes, to go and take my Brother's place, but they were not agreeable at the time and promised to raise my salary. But shortly afterward they dissolved partnership and Mr. Langdon retired from business, and furthermore I met with an accident which nearly proved fatal to me. I slipped off the landing out of the loft and nearly broke my back, and I was ill for six or eight weeks, and when I did get about again I was so weak, and consequently I could not do as much work as I was accustomed to. And when Mr. Spinks found I was not so strong as I used to be, he told me if I wished to go to Mr. Taines I might, as he could not afford to give me a higher salary than he was. Accordingly I made arrangements with Mr. Taines and shifted my position immediately. This was some time in June, 1851.

After I had been in this place about one year, I thought I would do better by going to the gold mines in Australia. (If I remember right, gold was first discovered in Australia in the latter part of 1850) Numbers of the people left New Zealand to seek a fortune in the new mines before mentioned. Thomas Strachon and I made up our minds to go to the land of gold and try our luck. It is, or used to be part of my nature to save money, and in the beginning of the year 1852 I left off both smoking and drinking, even wine, and also, as I was boarding myself, left off drinking coffee and tea, and eating meat, and I can testify from experience that I was much healthier than I had ever been before. Well, by the June following, I had saved $67.00 and in the commencement of July I left Mr. Taine, joined a company of six young men, mostly Scotchmen, Thomas's friends. We organized our company, had a cradle made, also a tent and tools. I then went home and stayed until we could obtain a vessel bound for Melbourne, Victoria Colony.

My Father and all my acquaintances tried all they could to keep me from going, and as a last resource my mother got me shut up in a room with the Reverend Jonas Woodward. He talked for at least an hour telling me about people going blind, the pest of flies, outlaws, hot weather, etc. and when he got through he asked, "Well, Fred, what do you think of going now?"

I very politely told him that the more I thought of going the more I liked the idea, and another thing, I would rather go and see for myself, then I would be satisfied and not

before. He told my mother I was very obstinate and would go at all hazards. Accordingly, on the 8th of September 1852 I bade my folks farewell. When I bade my father goodbye he said, "Well goodbye, son, the Lord bless you, I shall never see your face again in the flesh." Alas, his words came true for he died on the first of December, about three months after I left home.

Well, after a weary voyage of three weeks, during which time we did not have half provisions enough to eat, or water to drink, in fact the last three or four days we were on board there was nothing served. We were 224 passengers on board the Barque Tary, a 342 ton vessel, she was a very old vessel, and every time the wind blew a little fresh, something or other would be carried away. We landed in Melbourne, about the 1st of October most famished.

The first thing that occurred worthy of note was the following little circumstance: As we were landing our baggage on the wharf, an elderly gentleman came and stood in the wharf waiting for the steamboat. Soon after, two well dressed and to all appearances, gentlemen, came and stood beside him. Suddenly one of them put his hand into the first gentleman's pocket, extracted his purse therefrom and took to his heels followed by the gentleman he had robbed. When he found the latter was gaining on him, he suddenly stooped down and threw his pursuer over his head, and when he fell he knocked the cap off his knee, but the bystanders pursued the two villains and caught them in a swamp or marsh nearby. I thought to myself, if this is a specimen of what we will see in the mines we shall have lively times, and will not lack items for a journal.

After strengthening the inner man we took a stroll around town. The city was literally crowded with people. It seemed to me they were from all nations. All was hustle and confusion. Large nuggets of gold were to be seen in the Broker's windows, also large piles of souvenirs and bank notes, specimens of gold quartz. All kinds of reports were in circulation respecting the mines. We put up at a boarding house and I was very much amused at the different accounts men would give in respect to the gold diggings.

Next day we started for Forest Creek. First day we made 20 miles, we were very much fatigued owing to the heavy load we packed on our backs, my load weighed between 40 and 50 pounds consisting of provisions, shovel, pick, clothing, and blankets, etc. We were really very much diverted in the night as one man named Simeon roared out, "Oh my back, oh my back." Of course we all arose thinking he was being murdered, some examined him while others ran outside, but could see nobody. At length Duncan said, "Oh I don't think I'll be able to go any further for I gave my back such a devil of a wrench lifting a cup of water off the fire." There was another bright youth who calculated to get nuggets as big as a horse's head by daylight next morning; by daylight his courage calmed down considerably, and being very much afraid that Duncan would get robbed if he went by himself, he concluded to accompany him, with a number of others; the roads were very muddy. We would meet people all day long, they would say, "Oh, it is no use going, all the gold is dug." Others would say, it was all a hoax, they had been to see for themselves and had worked for weeks and spent all they had. Again others more fortunate would say there was plenty of gold, they had worked so many

weeks or months and had made money hand over fist. One of our party turned back, however, I was determined to go on if I went alone. The roads were lined with teams of all kinds, people of all nations and colors and grades, some few respectable, but the more part escaped convicts, cutthroats, murderers, thieves, gamblers, blacklegs; in fact to make a long story short, the scum of the earth were there. To use a common expression, "all hell let loose".

After a long and extremely weary march of over seventy miles, we arrived at Forest Creek Mines, Victory Colony, October 1, 1852, Saturday afternoon. We pitched our tent by the side of Jackass Valley, in the midst of a patch of the prettiest wild flowers I ever saw. I was so very much fatigued I could scarcely walk around. My feet were dreadfully blistered. Everything was all hustle and bustle; it was every man for himself and the devil for his own. Heard tales of the most atrocious, cold blooded murders and robberies. As far as the eye could see, the earth was dug up. At a distance the diggings looked more like newly made graves than anything else. It took us till dark to get our tent fixed.

From early evening until midnight, in fact all hours of the night, guns and pistols were being fired. If there had been no danger of thieves, there was great danger of being shot, for bullets were flying in all directions. Next morning, Sunday, October 2, some of us took a walk up the creek and met with a young man, David Cutting. He told us we had better move up farther, so the next day we moved up about two miles. Tuesday, we could not be united, some wanted to go one place and some another, one place would be too deep, and another too shallow, or too wet, however, we commenced operations.

Provisions were very high priced, $1.75 for one loaf, potatoes could scarcely be had at 75 cents, and half rotten at that. Everything else at about the same ration. We dug in the most unlikely places and of course got little or no gold, but I must confess it was our own fault. However, after two weeks of hard labor, we were $7.50 in debt, besides spending all our money. Our party got discouraged, said they would go back to Melbourne. I told them I we had kept united and gone to work properly I knew we could have done well, adding that they might go to town, as for me I was not going until I got something to go with. So Monday, October 10, our party broke up and sold their tent and tools, but I kept mine. I was left alone with but a sixpence in my pocket in the midst of strangers in a strange land. However, I didn't despond, I concluded I would hire out as a clerk, errand boy, lackey, or anything until I could get started again.

I walked to the Manchester Store, "Harker & Company", I was engaged at $60.00 per month. I got a situation in the same firm for Thomas Strache of our party, he having concluded not to go to Melbourne. I entered upon my new duties and it was not long until I gained the confidence of my employers and all in the firm.

It was not long until I was dispatched to Bendigo, 35 miles distant. They entrusted me with between two and three thousand dollars to invest. I made the trip without accident. In those days it was very dangerous to travel. Not a day or night passed but what some dreadful tragedy would happen.

For instance, I was at Moonlight Flat, one man armed with pistols met an elderly gentleman, stopped him in sight of hundreds of men in open daylight and demanded his money or his life. He handed over his money to the robber, walked on about twelve steps, turned and fired at the villain and shot him in the back of the neck and he fell in the road. The gentleman then returned to the body, got his money and left the fellow in his blood. Again, on Montgomery hill close by, two men quarreled, one seized a double barrel gun, fired at his partner and blew his mouth and one side of his face away, the blood and brains flew all over the wall of the house. Again, nearer still, close by our store a man was shot dead. He had robbed Mr. Steel's store of a bag of flour weighing 200 pounds. Mr. Steel watched him come out from the back of the store, fired at him and he fell dead in the public street. The young man who had stolen the flour was well off. Time would fail me to record even one hundredth part of what daily occurred.

I had some narrow escapes, for instance, I was required to go to a certain ranch. They called it fourteen miles, but I believe it was the longest twenty miles I ever traveled. Just as I began to get into the brush I met two men armed to the teeth, they stopped me. I was mounted on a very fiery horse. One fellow seized hold of the bridle, wanted to know if I would sell it. I said no. He said he would have it anyhow. I was just going to set spurs to him when I heard sound of horses feet on the keen air, I looked around and saw a man turn the corner of the road, put his hand in his bosom and draw out a long knife and gallop to the rescue. The fellows took leg in the brush. I thanked the gentleman and we rode on together for some few miles. I then turned off to the left alone and had not rode more than three or four miles when a whole herd of wild cattle took after me, a mad bull taking the lead, tearing up the ground and bellowing fast and furiously. I put spurs to my horse and ran up hill and down dale, first dodging under trees and then skirting a marsh or swamp. My horse being very fleet, I soon left them far behind and reached the farm without further accident.

I asked a man how they measured the miles in this country. He replied, "We pile a rope, mount a horse and put spurs to him, and when the rope is out we call it a mile." After supper we all sat around the fire telling stories when all at once our hostess came running, screaming and came near fainting. When she recovered a little she informed us that she had put her child to bed, and had just been in the bedroom and discovered a black snake coiled up. We all got up and crept to the door; breathless silence prevailed, one young man walked in on tip toes with the intention of catching the reptile by the tail and swing it across the room, everybody trembled for both the man and child; he at last, after sundry maneuvers, seized the snake by the tail and without receiving any harm swung it across the room. There the poisonous reptile lay apparently stunned with the fall. We all rushed in with sticks but instead of a snake as all had supposed it turned out to be a black belt. We enjoyed a good hearty laugh at the joke.

Next day I rode back to Forest Creek. As soon as I began to get into the diggings a man shouted after me. I stopped and he came up, (it was an old man) "What", says he, "don't you know me, Fred." I soon recognized him. I had previously got slightly acquainted with him. He would have me stop and drink a cup of tea. While I was drinking it, someone felled a tree close by and my horse took fright and bolted and nearly threw me off, however, I reached home safely. Shortly after this I again went to Bendigo

and stayed six or eight weeks. Shortly after I arrived there I took sick and remained so for six weeks. The Doctor gave me up two or three times. I at last recovered and as soon as I was strong enough I returned to Forest Creek. While on the road coming down a hill, my horse fell down. I escaped unhurt but the horse skinned its face and knees and right side and it was with some difficulty we got started again. When about ten miles from home there came on a severe thunderstorm accompanied by vivid lightning and heavy rains. The next day, December 25, 1852, we spent a very merry Christmas.

January 12, 1853, Thomas Strachon and I left the Manchester Store. Previous to my leaving, Mr. Smith the Manager, told me if I did not do well at the diggings to come back again and not spend all my money. I had $200.00 coming to me; I sent mother $100.00 and kept the rest. Mr. Smith gave Thomas Strachon a certificate of his for his good conduct, but told me he wouldn't give me any as my face was sufficient recommendation anywhere.

The Ladden and Fayers Creek diggings were just opening up so we went over there and pitched our tent. David Cutting also joined us. It took us two weeks to work our first claim, and we got but a very little gold out of it. It was very wet sinking, and numerous accidents happened each day. Numbers lost their lives, four men being killed in one claim one morning by earth falling in on them, and two were killed by foul air. Times were exciting. Men would quarrel and fight, sometimes with their fists, knives, pistols, picks and shovels, etc. One evening near our tent, some young men while playing at cards quarreled, and at last settled the dispute by fighting a duel. As we sat around the table, several shots were exchanged till one of the parties was shot dead.

We worked around German Gully and other places but hardly cleared expenses. At last toward the end of February, we moved to Bendigo. Previous to this, however, David Cutting left us. We prospected in Sporing Gulley. Found some of our acquaintances there, Francis Evans and others, who were doing well. Shortly after we arrived there, Thomas took sick and kept to his bed for a month. During this time I worked round by myself but got very little gold as there was no water to wash our dust. We spent all our money and had to borrow twenty dollars. At last I started sinking a hole in the gully, sunk it down as far as I could by myself, and as Thomas was getting a little better I got him to help me. The depth of the sinkings varied from twelve to twenty feet, but with his assistance I soon got to the bottom. The first four buckets paid $25 and the next between $40 and $50. This encouraged Thomas so that he soon got well and we worked hard and prospected till the rains set in. We made money hand over fist.

Sometime during the latter part of March I heard of the death of my father. He died the 1st of December 1852, at Wellington, New Zealand. Mother also wrote for me to come home as soon as possible. Shortly after this I left Thomas in charge of the tent and went up to the McIver diggings, stayed there two weeks and returned to Sporing Gulley just one hundred dollars out, not counting lapse of time. We stayed and worked until about the 21st of June. I went down to Melbourne on my way home to New Zealand with about $350 in my pocket. I deposited my gold in the Escort Office and sewed the script in the lining of my pantaloons. I walked forty-eight miles the first day and stayed all night at Sawpoint Gulley, a notorious place for thieves and murderers,

however, I traveled alone. Next day I walked but eighteen miles, the roads were so muddy, however, I arrived on the fourth day at noon. I was astonished to see how the place had changed since I left there not quite one year before. A great and mighty city had arisen in the short space of a few months. I had to wait four weeks before I could obtain passage which cost me forty dollars. I spent most of my time in the auction rooms, where I bought quite a lot of presents for my mother and sisters and brothers.

We had a very rough passage, head winds nearly all the way. The vessel, The Australian, just new from England, was a first rate sea boat, Clipper built. One evening we had the wind off our quarter, every stitch of canvas was set. The First Mate told the captain he could see a squall coming, but he thought it would not reach us But before they had time to shorten sail the squall took us, threw the vessel over on her beam; the bulwarks were entirely under water. A great excitement prevailed, the Captain gave orders through his speaking trumpet to let everything go. As soon as this was done she righted much to the astonishment of everybody. At the time this happened we were just off the mouth of Cook's Straight, the wind increased to hurricane and we were soon driving before it under a fair topmast stay sail. This storm blew us about four hundred and fifty miles back, delayed us a week. However, after fourteen days passage we anchored at Wellington Harbor.

The first person I met was the Reverend Jonas Woodward. He shook me very cordially by the hand, informed me that my mother and Alfred had sold our farm, and mother was keeping a boarding house up Willis Street. A short walk took me home. I cannot describe the scene, my sister, Amelia, hung around my neck and cried with joy. They all seemed really glad to see me once more. However I was not contented, before I had been home a week I wished myself back at the mines. It had been my intention to settle down in New Zealand if they had not sold our place in Karari.

Shortly after I got home I went sawing with Thomas Holder. We made twenty dollars a week easy, for timber was worth five dollars per thousand feet.

Much against the entreaties of my mother and sisters and my friends I engaged passage for both Alfred and Clement, my youngest brother, and on the 1st of October, 1853 we set sail for Melbourne, Victoria Colony, Australia, in the Penyard Park. She proved a very leaky vessel, in fact, before we arrived in port we had to pump night and day incessantly.

About the end of October we arrived in Hobson's Bay. We stayed one night at the home where I found Mr. Francis Evans, whom I had known in New Zealand. He was a very zealous Methodist. He introduced a Mr. Frost to us, and as he said he was going to Geelory, I asked him if he would take a parcel for Mr. Charles Webb, that I had brought from Wellington. He replied, "Yes I will, with pleasure." However, before he left he told Mr. Evans to give us some good advice when we got up in the mines. As we determined to go right on, Mr. Evans said he would like us to live in, and take care of, his cabin until he came up which would not be for a week or two. We started on November 1st, arriving on Monday evening, November 5th, deciding to rest awhile in order to get over the effects of our long and weary march.

On the following Sunday while at dinner, a gentleman whom I judged to be a Methodist preacher (for I knew Mr. Evans was a Methodist before I went home last June) came in accompanied by a number of others and informed us they were going to hold meeting. I asked the preacher if he would take a cup of coffee, with this commenced a conversation. As soon as the things were cleared off the table, Thomas Holder, who had accompanied us from New Zealand, Clement and I started to go prospecting, but the preacher came out and said we had better come in for he would do us no harm. I thought it would look rather disrespectful if we went away, so concluded to stay. Well, shortly afterward the meeting commenced. I must confess I was struck at the peculiarity of the hymns. The hymn books were in pamphlet form and headed "Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints". I thought to myself, the Methodists are getting up. If I was astonished at the hymns and tunes, I was still more so at the prayer that was offered up by the preacher. He prayed to the Lord to bless the Prophet, Seer and Revelator, Brigham Young, his councilors, the twelve Apostles and others. I was full of wonder and curiosity. I never had such feelings before in my life. I asked myself the question, "Who can Brigham Young be?" and again, "Who can the twelve apostles be?" It would be impossible for me to tell the hundredth part of what passed through my mind.

After singing another hymn the preacher read a passage from the Book of Mormon. "What book can that be?" thought I to myself. I would very much like to read it for I had never heard that there was such a book before. Well, to proceed, the preacher also read part of the 15th chapter of St. Mark's Gospel, and then preached Faith, Repentance, Baptism for the remission of sins, also the gift of the Holy Ghost by the imposition of hands. Talked about Joseph Smith, gave us a brief history of the Church, the persecutions, etc. I cannot describe my feelings. I could not help paying deep attention, yea, I felt inspired, my heart was drawn toward the speaker, I watched for every word for it seemed good to my soul. The speaker finished his discourse by relating to us part of his history, how he passed through Great Salt Lake City (not then a Mormon) left his family there among the Mormons, and since he left most of his family had joined the Church.

The speaker, in search of gold, first in California, then came on to Australia for the same purpose, and on his arrival in Sidney he was baptized, ordained the same day and sent on a mission*. That he had not long arrived, had never preached before in his life, felt his weakness, but like the Apostles of old, he depended entirely on the Holy Ghost for assistance. However, I though it was the most sensible and reasonable sermon I ever heard.

After meeting was over the preacher (or Mormon Elder) walked across the room, laid his hands upon my shoulders and said, looking me earnestly in the face at the same time, "Young Man, if you will obey the requirements of the Gospel it will not only be the means of saving you, but also your family and friends in the Kingdom of God."

I asked, "What Gospel?" I did not want to be in a hurry.


--------------------------------------------- The Restored Church, p. 275


* Parley P. Pratt, set apart in 1851 as president of the mission to the Pacific Islands, "...sent Elders John Murdock and Charles Wandell to Australia in 1851, and 1852 nine other missionaries to Australia, New Zealand and Tasmania. Branches were established in each of these lands... All of these missions have been continuous since that time."

He replied, "Don't you believe what I have been preaching about?"

I answered, "Yes, I certainly believe for it is in accordance with the teachings contained in the Bible, and I have been taught to believe it to be the word of God." I then asked him if he would loan me a Book of Mormon. He not only loaned it to me, but also "The Voice of Warning", which he assured me was very interesting. I almost forgot to state that before the meeting was over several of the Mormons stood up and bore testimony to the truthfulness of Mormonism.

Well, after the congregation were all dismissed and gone away, Alfred commenced a long tirade against the Mormons. Said if he had known he would not have stayed to meeting, expressed his hopes that we would never go again for they were a very dangerous set of people, they practiced plurality of wives, a most abominable doctrine. I wondered where he got his information for I had never heard there was such a people on earth and I had traveled more than he had, however, I told him I believed Mormonism so far, and I was going to investigate it and know for myself. He called the Book of Mormon trash, etc. He said he could take the New Testament and confound the whole sect. The next day the Mormon Elder, Elder William Cooke, came down to see us. I told him what my brother had said before his face; about the plurality of wives etc. He replied: "It is true, we as a people do practice the doctrine, but it is no worse for us to practice it now than it was for the ancients." Suffice to say, he explained everything to my satisfaction. Oh! Bye the bye, a word in regard to Alfred confounding the whole sect. Elder Cooke told him if he had the truth and knew that the Mormons were wrong it was his duty to prove it, adding that the next meeting they would let Alfred have a chance to prove all he could, however, Alfred backed out. I rather guess he was afraid to try it for the Mormons, according to his own acknowledgment, were great scriptorians.

Elder Cooke informed us that Mr. Evans had joined the Church and that he held the Aaronic Priesthood.

We worked very hard but got very little gold. Alfred began to get disheartened and talked of going home. Brother Evans and family arrived sometime during the following week. After he came we had Mormonism from morning till night, and I might say from night till morning. Alfred could get no peace, and finally after staying three weeks he made up his mind to go home to New Zealand. He took what little gold and cash we had, left us half a loaf of bread and about two ounces of arrowroot. I lay in bed with the Cholera Morbus. Clement also complained, and Thomas declared he could not work on account of a pain in his stomach. Alfred bade us goodbye and I have never seen his face since; it is now nearly five years ago. But to return to our story, we didn't quite starve for before the week was up we succeeded in getting 2 or 3 ounces of gold.

We attended every Mormon meeting and most every evening we went and heard them sing. I got real fond of their company, though the good Christians called us fools, said we were deluded. I was ready to be baptized from the first but Thomas Holder wanted me to wait for him. Finally I told him I was not going to wait longer, if he could not make up his mind I could not help it. He answered: "Well I do wish you would try and see what it is like, adding that he was afraid it was not true. On Sunday, January 12,

1854, we went over to Maiden Flat to meeting. During the services I had a second attack of the Cholera Morbus, (the third attack generally proves fatal) and as the Mormons had been preaching about the gift of healing, I determined to be baptized. I concluded if I was healed it would be a testimony to me of the truth of Mormonism. Accordingly on the way home after the meeting I spoke to Elder Cooke about it and to my astonishment Clement offered himself as a candidate for baptism also. We were both baptized and confirmed members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints the same evening in a place called The Sheep Wash, after which we held meeting. I never had a lighter heart in my life, indeed, I might say I never knew what joy was till I became a Mormon. It appeared to me that I had been blind and had suddenly received my sight. My mind was enlightened, everything seemed perfectly plain and natural, and I was not ashamed to bear testimony to the truth, for the Spirit of God bore witness with my spirit that the Kingdom of God was once more established on the earth with all its power and authority, even the Holy Priesthood.

The next Saturday, Thomas Holder was baptized, seeing we liked it so well. Most of our former (pretended) friends and companions shunned our company. It took most of our time, even when we might have been at work, to defend the principles of Mormonism. As time flew I felt a desire to increase in knowledge and understanding; I shall never forget the first time I got up in meeting to bear my testimony. I scarcely knew whether I was on foot or on horseback. I do not believe that Belshazzer's knees knocked together more than mine did, but this feeling gradually wore off, that is to a certain extent, for even now when called upon to speak in public I commence trembling.

After we had been in the Church six or eight weeks, Clement and I wrote home on the first principles of the Gospel, we had an idea that as soon as they heard the truth that they would obey it at the first opportunity. However, we were dreadfully mistaken. For in the due course of time, I believe in the month of June, we received letters from home, from mother and our two sisters, (shall I record it) full of abuse toward the Prophet Joseph Smith and the church in general. They even went so far as to say they were ashamed to own us any longer as members of the family. The letter contained no arguments but were filled with false assertions. My heart was so sore I could not forbear shedding tears. I then began to realize that I had to round up my shoulders, though forsaken by my own dear mother, brothers, and sisters, and obey all the commandments of God as far and as fast as they were made known to me. To tell the truth, after this I began to realize that all those who obeyed the requirement of the Gospel were nearer and dearer to me than all former friends or relatives. Well, we wrote home repeatedly but received no answer to our letters, although I stated in them if they would prove from the Bible that the doctrine of even Polygamy was unscriptural I would renounce Mormonism.

About the 15th of September, 1854, we met in the capacity of a Conference at Castlemaine. Brother Charles Hardy and I were ordained to preach in the Bendigo Gold Mines and build up the saints scattered over the country. Brother Cook raised up quite a large branch in the Golden Gully and Bendigo. Brother Charles Hardy was appointed President of said Branch. I held the office of Priest. Brother W. Cooke was called to go

to New Zealand. It was a sore trial for me to part with him; poor Clement cried and sobbed as if his heart would break. I felt as if I had bade farewell to the only friend I ever had. We parted not knowing when or where we would meet again.

Brother Hardy instead of starting on his Mission with me, went down to Melbourne, trading in hogs and chickens; consequently, I had to start off alone. It was thought best for Clement to stay at Castlemaine and work with brothers MacKnight, William, Wilford, Bird, and others. As I stated before I started alone and after a lonely, weary march of thirty miles I arrived at Golden Gully Bendigo.

The Brothers and Sisters were all very glad to see me, they inquired where Brother Hardy was. I told them that he had business to attend to in Melbourne at present, but I expected to see him in the course of a few weeks. I felt determined to do my best though I had never preached before. While at conference we were counseled to get the Saints together Sunday and Wednesday evenings. Wednesday evenings were to be devoted to prayer or social meetings. Well, the first time I got the Saints together I opened the meeting with prayer, but could not muster up courage enough to address the saints, consequently I read a portion of the Millennial Star, and as I did not speak myself I felt ashamed to call upon anyone else. I felt real miserable for I felt I was not doing my duty. Sunday came and we had quite a congregation, but I felt worse than I did on the Wednesday evening previous although I had prayed and fasted. The very thought of preaching made me loath the sight of food, it took away my appetite entirely.

Before going to meeting I would resolve in my own mind to try and speak, but as soon as the second hymn was sung I would be seized with a trembling fit, all ideas would flee from my mind and I would have to take up the Star or some other book and read. However, on Wednesday while at work I got in conversation with a man and preached to him about the Gospel. While talking with him I told him if he would come up to meeting that evening he would hear an Elder preach on the first principles of the Gospel. He promised me he would come. After he had left me I began to reflect on what I had told him respecting the meeting. I turned sick at the idea. I could not eat my supper but I washed myself and went down hoping the man would not be there, but all my hopes were turned to slopes, for there the man sat as large as life. I cannot describe my feelings at this time, but after saluting him I went into the woods alone and besought the Lord to have compassion and assist me. After doing so I felt relieved and returned. We opened the meeting and in spite of all hell I arose to my feet, opened to the 3rd chapter of St. John's Gospel, and after reading a few verses my tongue was loosened and before I was aware of it I was preaching. I never have spoken more freely in my life, and it was a strong testimony to me of the truth of Mormonism, and I felt thankful beyond measure and with my whole heart I praised my maker. The Brethren and sisters were very much astonished but not more so than myself. After this I was not troubled very much.

I strove to improve my mind day after day both by searching the scriptures and by reading Mormon Books. I labored with all diligence till Brother Hardy arrived near two months after Conference. He returned on a Sunday at the close of our morning meeting with a wagon load of hogs and chickens. He refused to hold meeting in the afternoon and

evening, saying he was too busy. I soon ascertained he had lost the spirit of his mission and thought more of dollars and cents than of preaching or performing his duties as a missionary. It was in vain I talked and pleaded with him. He said he was the head and had a right to do as he liked.

We did not hold meeting until the following Wednesday evening, and then he refused but told me if I wanted to hold meeting I had that right so go ahead. I went, first prevailing upon him to accompany me. I spoke on the divine authority of Joseph Smith. He afterwards got up and made a few remarks. I believe we could have done a good work if we had been united, but when the head is wrong, the whole body is sick, (I speak from bitter experiences). The saints became careless and some took to drinking again, the devil got into the branch. Some of the brothers and sisters went off to new diggings, in fact, Brother Hardy took it into his head to go also and open a butcher shop down by the seventh White Hill. I tried to persuade him not to go but he said the people in Golden Gully had had preaching enough, and besides he said, he was counseled to open up new fields.

Accordingly, the following week we moved down, built a shop or bowery and bought some sheep ready dressed and a large quantity of beer and lemonade, etc. The weather was extremely hot and times exceedingly dull, consequently very few customers. By sundown the meat began to turn green, and smell very disagreeable, besides being covered with not a few maggots. Fortunately after dark a man came and I got him to take the whole lot off our hands for considerable less than half cost. I can assure the reader I was glad to get that. That evening I told Brother Hardy he might continue alone in the business for I was not willing to throw what little money away that I had, and furthermore, as he did not hold meetings or even tell what his business was for fear it would hinder him in making money I had made up my mind to go back to Golden Gully. When he found I was determined he decided to go also. Accordingly we moved back.

Altho' we had been absent for the short period of one week we found the branch in great confusion. After seeing the state of affairs, I retired to a secret spot and prayed that the Lord would pardon us and that the spirit of our mission might rest upon us again.

We called the Saints together again and at Elder Hardy's request I addressed them. The Spirit of the Lord rested upon me in a marvelous manner. I tried to get the Saints to understand the condition they were in. Indeed I talked exceedingly plain. I told them that we were not sent among them to tickle their ears with fine language, but to preach the Gospel of Jesus, in simpleness and plainness. Brother Hardy then addressed them briefly but to the point. As a general thing the Saints expressed their sorrow for what they had done and promised to do better. I wrote to President Burr Frost, and MacKnight giving them a faithful report of the branch and our movements, and in a few days Elder Wilford paid us a visit, said I had done perfectly right, but told Elder Hardy that he had lost the spirit of his mission and unless he repented of the course he was pursuing it would finally lead him to apostasy. He stayed a few days and then left, and sent President James MacKnight. He talked in the same spirit that Elder Wilford had.

Shortly after he left us, I started alone, according to council, for the Anaco mines about one hundred seventy-five miles distance. I passed through Castlemaine, saw Clement. He had made about two hundred dollars since September, not counting what he had given the mission, which amounted to considerable. I was truly glad to see him; I stayed several days.

On Sunday I was called on to speak in the chapel to quite a large congregation; the first time I ever spoke in a pulpit. I must digress a little in order to explain how the brethren had obtained a chapel to preach in. One fine warm day about noon, a gentleman called at the tent for subscriptions toward defraying the expenses of the Church of Christ. Elder Frost, who was then present asked him what he believed in, also his name. He replied: "My name is John Baptist, I was born in Venice in the North of Austria, Gentlemen. I cannot speak very good English, as you will readily perceive, but I believe the Bible to be the word of God." Brother Frost told him that he was in search of the truth and would like to have him talk some. Mr. Baptist then told them he had been brought up a Roman Catholic from his youth but he saw so much error in it he concluded to join the Church of England, thinking they might be right. But he got sick of them and joined the Methodists and was advocating their principles.

After he had talked a while Brother Frost told him that most, or all, of the men in the tent were preachers, and then went on at some length explaining scriptures and the organization of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Baptism, etc.

Mr. Baptist got in quite an ecstasy and called out: "I will become baby, I will become baby, I want to be baptized."

Brother Frost told him not to be in a hurry. He had better think about the matter for a while.

"No, no, no," he replied, "I want to be baptized." So he was baptized, straight away after which he requested Elders Frost and MacKnight to accompany him home.

He took them downtown (Castlemaine) and showed them a nice chapel about 60 by 30 or 40 feet, wooden frame work covered with the best of material, also well supplied with good seats, chandeliers, and a pulpit. "There," said he, "Beloved Brethren, you shall have that to preach in. It is my own property, I have built it with my own hands and at my own expense. I have had one end of the meeting house partitioned off to live in." He also informed them that he had been in the habit of holding meeting every Sunday, etc.

But to return to my subject again -- I took for my text the following from Timothy: "Ever learning and never coming to a knowledge of the truth" and spoke with considerable freedom. I found quite a different spirit among the saints at Castlemaine. They all seemed to be truly sincere in living their religion.

The following day I left for, and arrived at, diggings 35 miles from Castlemaine, stayed at Brother and Sister West's. Preached by moonlight on the subject of "The Restoration of the Gospel".

The next day I passed Daisy Hill; lost my way between Daisy Hill and Anaco mines. The hot winds in addition to the heat of the sun made the heat almost unbearable. I searched in vain for water, my tongue swelled, my mouth and throat parched and burning. In fact it seemed an unquenchable fire burned through my whole system. I suffered agony. At last I found a road going due west and followed it. I was fearful of losing my reason. This is all I can remember until I came to myself and to my astonishment found I was lying in the road, I presume I must have traveled along till I actually fainted. However, when I came to, I looked around and found I was in some kind of an old road in an open plain. It seemed as if I had wandered into some place uninhabited either by man or beast for I could see neither. My face, especially around my mouth was covered with foam or lather. I have not the least doubt that if I had been found near some civilized city or town I would have been a fit subject for a Lunatic Asylum.

While trying to collect my thoughts a voice said distinctly: "If you are faithful you shall yet see Zion of the last days." I cannot describe how I felt. The voice pierced through my whole system. I started, looked around but saw nothing save the barren waste stretched as far as the eye could see. I knelt down and prayed. I seemed to realize I was not alone, but that my guarding angel was near me to cheer and comfort and strengthen me. I arose from my knees greatly strengthened and refreshed. I walked rapidly for several miles when to my surprise and delight I saw five large Australian Ostriches. As soon as they saw me they started off at race horse speed. I was within one hundred yards of them before they discovered me. They were in a little hollow, probably trying to shelter themselves from the scorching winds.

I had not proceeded much farther when two mounted policemen rode up, stated they were out hunting. On inquiry I learned I was at least ten miles from the main road to Anaco, also eight or ten miles from the nearest water. They directed me to keep to the road I was then traveling till I got to the river, then turn to the left and follow it up, but that means I could not miss my way.

After receiving the above information I redoubled my efforts and arrived at the bank of a large water hole at about sundown. The water was covered with green slime and when I skimmed that off the water was quite thick and full of bloodsuckers and beecher frogs. In fact, every kind of slicky, slimy reptiles, as Patty said in respect to the egg. It was meat and drink too, but bad as it was I was truly thankful for it. I feared to commence, for many have lost their lives through drinking immoderately when overheated. At last I ventured to the edge of the water more like a frightened Kitten than anything I can think of. First I washed my face, then washed my mouth out. The water was as warm as the atmosphere. I then drank a few mouthful and lay down, but Oh! how I suffered; as I before stated, a fire seemed to consume the very marrow in my bones. I rested until the shades of evening warned me to proceed on my journey. The more water I drank the more I wanted.

At last, after walking four or five miles up what in Winter might be a river, I arrived at Brother Evan's house or tent. He was not at home, but was working at Daisy Hill. However, Sister Evans received me very kindly.

The next day I worked with Brother Symons. In the evening I preached in a frame chapel covered with canvas that was built by Brother Evans. We experienced a very heavy thunderstorm while there. I stayed for two or three days and then returned to Bendigo. Shortly after I returned we received instructions to move to Castlemaine. We all moved about the end of December, 1854. I also received instructions to go to work and get a fit out, and as Brother Baptist was in need of a partner I went to work with him on New Year's Day. We made an ounce of gold the first day, and did exceedingly well generally, clearing over one thousand dollars ($1,000) the first six weeks.

About the first of April we met in conference capacity. We paid Tithing and Subscription to a considerable amount, also paid our passage money to Brother Frost. Clement paid 900 before my face.

About the 15th of April, 1855 we started for Melbourne, that is most of the branch did. Brother Spencer was left in charge of the rest, with Brother Alonzo Colton, who had just been baptized and ordained, to assist him. On the 25th of April we weighed anchor and started for San Pedro. After being out five weeks we put into Tahiti, one of the Society Islands. We found about three hundred native Saints. Elder Hawkins was in charge. We made them a large feast on board, after which some of them spoke their feelings, Brother Hawkins acting as interpreter. They brought us quantities of fruit of all kinds. They also made us a feast about three miles in the country. After lying in port about six days we put to sea again.

I almost forgot to state that Brother Hardy was cut off from the Church just before we got into Tahiti.

Well, after five weeks of indescribable kind of times we put in in distress at the Sandwich Islands, the vessel so leaky she could hardly swim.




Accordingly after a voyage of 11 weeks from Australia* we arrived in port at Honolulu the 5th of July, 1855. I worked for two days discharging the ships ballast at $1.00 per day. I am sorry to say there is a great deal of hard feelings against Elder Frost, the President of our company.

We put to sea again on the 12th July, supposing the vessel had been sufficiently repaired. We left some of our passengers behind. They stayed to make a little more money before going to Zion. We had a fair fine wind until we were clear of the land, then we lay eight days in a calm expecting the wind to blow again. Then one night it began, and increased against our fore quarters. From sunset until midnight it became almost a hurricane. This strained at the vessel until she leaked both sides of her worse than before. They kept the pumps working all night. At last one of them broke, but they kept one of them giving the water, 13 inches per hour. It was then concluded that the vessel was unseaworthy. Accordingly we put back to Honolulu.



* In 1847: "The Saints in Australia and the East Indies were urged to ship to the 'most convenient part in the United States' and from thence to the Great Basin."

The Restored Church, page 276

After looking for work for some time, without success, President Lewis asked me to look after his shop, and keep the books, while he was attending conference. I stayed here till the 31st of July, then I was out of employment again. In the meantime Clement got a situation at the Merchant's Exchange.

Owing to various circumstances, and want of funds, the vessel could not be repaired. Accordingly she was sold to pay expenses. She brought (1150 dollars) eleven hundred fifty dollars only.

There was considerable ill feelings among the saints against Elder Frost, and many were in hard circumstances, consequently, a meeting was called by President Lewis to inquire into their grievances. Each Brother was allowed to state his grievance. There was some difficulty in keeping some of the brethren. A great many spoke their feelings. The meeting was kept up until a late hour of the night. I could not help seeing one great fault in the saints -- that is some of them -- they could see, or fancied they saw faults in others, but could not see them in themselves. The meeting was closed by each one forgiving each other everything that was said, and go on and serve the Lord and love each other. Brother Lewis and others made some very appropriate remarks.

I got a small job painting, but it only lasted two days for which I got four dollars. Whether I had work or not I always found a comfortable home at Brother Lewis's house.

I am sorry to say the saints had to put up with very poor provisions, some of them tried to get up a subscription, but they only succeeded in getting forty dollars, the people in Honolulu not being favorable to the Mormons.

I had the pleasure of seeing Elders George Spears and Thurston on their way to Kauai where they had been appointed to labor. I would say that President Lewis resigned his presidency at conference. Brother Silas Smith took his place, Brother John T. Caine, first counselor, Brother S. S. Smith, second counselor. Brother Caine presided over the Oahu Conference. About thirty of the Saints left for San Francisco on the 13th of August, Elder Woodbury accompanying them.

I also had the pleasure of seeing President Silas Smith as he had come down to Oahu to take a tour around the Island. The day the saints left he tapped me on the shoulder and said he wanted me to go among the natives to learn the language. I thought he was joking so took no notice, but I was not going to get off so easy. He invited me to go to the mission house that evening, and then I found that he was serious. However we were to think it over. He asked me how I would like to go on a mission* among the natives. Well I told him, if he asked me to go I would do so, but under the circumstances I was then in I did not feel like taking a mission. But I wanted to do the will of the Lord at all times and if he had work for me to do I would do it with pleasure. Accordingly I was ordained an Elder on the 16th of August 1855. The following Elders ordained me: President Silas Smith, Elders John T. Caine, W. W. Cluff, John A. West; Brother Caine was mouth. The following are to the best of my recollection some of the blessings sealed upon my head:



* "The Hawaiian Mission was opened in 1850-51 under the direction of Elder Charles C. Rich, then presiding in California. The first Branch was organized at Kula, upon the island of Maui, by George Q. Cannon. Elder Cannon translated the Book of Mormon into the Hawaiian language, which was published at San Francisco, in 1855. The mission proved to be a great success." The Restored Church, page 274

"Brother Frederic W. Hurst, we lay our hands on you at this time to ordain you to the Melchizedek Priesthood, and we say unto you, be faithful and you shall be blessed in getting the language of this people. You will be the means of doing a deal of good on these Islands. The Lord is pleased with you, and we say unto you, in the name of Jesus Christ, you shall be blessed in whatever you put your hand to do. You shall be blessed with health and strength. And we say unto you, put your trust in the Lord, and let no trouble prey upon your mind, and we pray our Father in Heaven that you may be filled with the spirit of your mission. And we say you shall be blessed with the gift of prophesy, vision, revelations to comfort you, to do the will of the Lord. We seal these blessings upon you in the name of His Son, Jesus Christ, Amen."


As Elder Hammond was going to Lahaina in a few days, I was told to stay until he went there, then I would accompany him that far, and then take a boat from there to Molakai to learn the language and to assist Elder Bell. I therefore, immediately set to work getting ready. I wanted a great many things, and didn't have any money. Besides I needed three dollars to pay my passage to Molakai. I therefore sold one pair of boots for four dollars, also a big overcoat for four dollars. My brother, Clement, gave me all he had, three or four dollars. However, I managed to get a small fit out and pay my way excepting board at Brother Lewis's which made me feel very bad at the time, though I could not help it. I gave him four dollars, all I had except enough to pay my way to my field of labor. He said I was not to think about it for I was perfectly welcome. What made me feel worse about it was that I knew he was going tot he valleys shortly and needed all of the money he could get.

On the 21st of August I had a very severe attack of Baho fever, very prevalent among newcomers. This soon forced me to my bed. I lost my appetite completely, in fact I could not stand the sight of food. I was soon so weak I could scarcely walk about the house. The Brethren were very kind to me. Sister Dinah, who was housekeeping for Brother Lewis, was as good as a mother to me, the only thing I could eat was a little poi and a few oranges. On the 27th of August, Monday evening, still being scarcely able to walk without assistance, I bade adieu to the Brethren and Sisters and started for Lahaina, in company with President Silas Smith and Elder Hammond in the schooner Maui. President Smith and I slept all night on deck amongst the Kanakas (natives). She had about fifty or sixty Kanaka passengers and fifteen or sixteen whites on board. Wednesday morning early we passed close by Molakai and got within about nine miles of Lahaina and then the wind dropped and we lay becalmed all day. The day was exceedingly hot which made it very unpleasant. At about seven in the evening we paid fifty cents each to go ashore rather than staying longer. We arrived at Lahaina about ten o'clock at night.

We went to Brother Hammond's place and found a native Brother and Sister. After eating a slight supper of poi and fish, I rolled myself up in a blanket and laid down on the floor. Mosquitoes troubled me very much that night. I had very little sleep, they kept up a continual buzzing, however, the morning came at last.

After breakfast of fish and poi we went down to see about Brother Hammond's

boat as he wanted to go to Lanai to bring his wife and family over here. He got the boat and asked some of the native brethren to row him over. He started in company with President Smith. This left me alone, nobody to speak to except the Kanakas, and when I did they could not understand me. I amused myself by sometimes playing the flute and reading an old pile of Deseret News. I thus passed the time away till about one o'clock.

Saturday, the 1st of September, one of the Brethren got me a boat to go to Molakai; as I was a Mormon Missionary I only had to pay a quarter (25) for my passage over. We started about two o'clock. As soon as we began to get out into the Channel we found the wind was blowing very strong, and a very heavy sea. They kept the boat close to the wind which caused the water to fly from stem to stern, it was not long till we were drenched to the skin. The distance across is about eighteen miles, and we got over about five o'clock. I then left my trunk in a boatman's charge and started for Waialua, the place where I was told Brother Bell was stopping, a distance of ten miles. I thought the boatman told me it was only five miles and I could easily walk it before dark.

I started although I was still very weak for I had not yet entirely recovered from the effects of the fever, and it was with extreme difficulty I reached Kiliula about eight o'clock. Here I happened to meet a young kanaka brother who could talk a little English. He informed me that Brother Bell stayed at Kiliula, but at present was thirty miles off at Kanaluna. However he took me down to the house where Brother Bell stopped and I was soon at home here for they received me very kindly.

I soon had a number of Saints around me asking all sorts of questions. I thought I would not lose any time so I commenced to learn the language immediately, much to their amusement at my blunders.

I had plenty of fish and poi to eat but I had very little appetite, besides I was very much fatigued, having walked eight miles, which was very hard on me being so weak. But I enjoyed good spirits and felt to put my trust in the Lord at all times. At a late hour I laid me down to rest for the night and not a wrap to cover me. I arose about seven o'clock much refreshed on Sunday Morning. It was a beautiful day, only a little warm, but the way the house is situated close to the seashore it made it pleasant.

Elder Ke Alaho was lord of the house. I found one Brother sick, his name was Halelo. They told me it was an old disease and that he had been ill for two years past. I find there are dreadful diseases among this people. The family was composed of five individuals; Kealoha, Halelo, two women and a girl about fifteen, her name is NaMose, which means in English, Marriage. Ke Aloha is a good man, he has been kind to the Elders. They treated me kindly although they never saw me before.

I attended their meeting although I could not understand. Here I met the Brethren, they seemed very warm hearted and wanted me to go home with them, but I declined as I wanted to see Brother Bell as soon as he came back. On the whole I spent a very pleasant day. In the evening they would have me sing in English. I sang a few of our favorite hymns which pleased them very much.

They thought I did not like their poi, however, they were mistaken for the poi seemed to come quite natural to me. I arose Monday morning a little better, but scarcely any appetite. Spent the day trying to learn the language, much to their amusement, in fact they would puzzle me by telling me the names of a great many things and of course my memory could not contain them. I kept them all quite alive laughing at my blunders.

Brother Bell arrived about six o'clock in the evening. I cannot express how I felt when I saw him. It seemed such a treat to see a white man again, and talk again in my native tongue--English. Brother Bell is a young man, one year younger than I, and a very agreeable companion, and a good man. We spent the evening very agreeable and then retired to rest.

Next day we walked to Waialua. The Saints were very glad to see us. We had a very good meeting with the Saints. Brother Bell did the speaking. The Saints would have us sing in English, it was very difficult for me for I had caught a very bad cold. We stayed all night and the next day went back to Kiliula. Brother Bell had the kindness to lend me his books. I spent the remainder of the week studying the language.

On Thursday we met with the Saints at Waialua, it being Fast Day. We also held meeting there the following Sunday and partook of the Sacrament. At the Saints request I spoke my feelings, Brother Bell being interpreter. Brother Bell and I sang "The Spirit of God Like a Fire is Burning," the Saints were very pleased to hear us sing in English. In fact where ever we go that is about the first thing we have to do when we visit the natives.

On Tuesday, we started around the Island Eastward to hunt up the Saints. We reached Lupehu, about eight or ten miles from Waialua. We stopped two or three times on the way, Brother Bell preaching where ever he could get a chance. One place they called us all the dirty names they could think of. The parties called themselves Calvinists. However, we got to a Brother's house at Lupeho, we found only his wife there as he had gone to Lahaina (his name is Kuli). She boiled a fowl for us and we ate quite a hearty supper of that and poi. Brother Bell preached and argued until a late hour.

This place is swarming with fleas, cockroaches, and centipedes. One big centipede about six inches long got right under me as I was lying down. I went to knock some cockroaches off me, and put my hand right on him, he ran away before we would catch him. When we went to bed we left our trousers on and tucked the bottoms into our socks to keep the reptiles from crawling up inside, which they are not above doing if they get a chance. However, in spite of everything I slept sound until morning.

After breakfast of sweet potatoes and fish, we went on our journey. We reached Halana about mid day after traveling over very high mountains in the hot sun. We stopped and talked with two men for some time, then went farther on until we saw a number of kanakas sitting under a Kukui nut tree. They called us up so of course we accepted the invitation. They then ran and got some watermelons for us. We soon had a number of kanakas, both young and old as we were quite a curiosity to them. It was soon know all over that we were Mormons.

We went down to the Calvinist Meeting house where a native preached to a pretty large congregation. I believe that most of them came to see us as much as anything else. The Preacher said we were two lions come among the sheep.* We stopped at a Calvinist's house, whose name was Popoki which interpreted means cat. We had dry raw fish and poi. The next morning we took a walk up the valley to see a couple of large waterfalls. They are each about a hundred feet high. I took a sketch of them, then we came down and crossed the river and went down on the other side. We met with only one Brother, and he belonged to Kiliula.

As we were going along a kanaka called to us to go to his house and preach the Gospel. We were there and stopped for about a half an hour but were so insulted we were obliged to leave.

Next morning we started to go back to Waialua, we reached Lupehu about midday. Brother Kuli had just got back from Lahaina, we stopped there all night and then went back to Waialua where we found the Saints feeling very well and glad to see us again.

The next day being Sunday, we went to Kiliula and held meetings there. One thing I would add is that I had no clean shirt to put on, the Saints making the excuse that they had no soap, but I soon found out that it was their laziness. Ke Aloha told me, as he had friends there, who by the way were outsiders, he could not accommodate us for the present, adding that we had better go to Waialua to stay. Accordingly I packed up my things and after holding meeting that evening, went up to Waialua without any supper. Waialua Saints are a great deal more warm hearted than those at Kiliula.

On Monday I got a horse from one of the brethren and went to Kiliula to get my trunk. I had no sooner got it across the saddle when the horse jumped and down went the trunk. The horse was dreadfully frightened. I, therefore, took out a few things I wanted and left the trunk for the present. I spent most of the week in drawing and painting the sketch I had taken in Halana and studying the language.

On Sunday we held meeting in Waialua. We ordained one young man named Lili, an Elder. I this day made my first attempt at giving out hymns in native. The natives seemed astonished; that gave them enough to talk about the rest of the day.

On Monday the 24th of September, Brother Bell and I started around the Island, Westward, intending to go to Kaualuno, Kaluakii, and possibly to the end of the Island. There being no food in Waialua, we went without our breakfast and stopped at Kiliula and made a sumptuous repast on salt and poi, as they had nothing else. We then pursued our journey and reached Kaluaha. We were invited to stop all night there. A gentleman who was stopping there invited us to go and see a friend of his, a Portuguese. We went and he entertained us very hospitably. We had coffee, poi, potatoes, etc. We spent the evening very agreeable but somehow or other we said nothing about Mormonism. I felt some way that it would be casting pearls before swine and yet I did not like the idea of leaving without him hearing my testimony of the truth of Mormonism.

September 25th, Kaluaha. This morning we pursued our journey, our road lay close by the seashore for about ten miles. We traveled about nine miles in hope of


---------------------------------------- The Restored Church, page 274

* "A letter from Elder F. A. Hammond, laboring on the islands, under date of March 1, 1852, says: 'The missionaries (that is, other denominations) succeeded in putting a stop to our labors, but the government gave their full consent to our laboring here...' "
getting some dinner, but hoped in vain. We stayed a long time, Brother Bell preaching;

at last he told the people of the house we were hungry. They said they had no food, so we had a drink of water and made another start. The roads were sandy and heavy, and the sky was cloudless, and the sun seemed as if it was trying to melt us to death. It fairly made the perspiration run off of us. After walking about ten miles we then struck across country. Our road now lay over steep mountains. We had to travel fifteen miles before we could get anything to eat. We then stopped at a German house, they entertained us very hospitably. We had as much milk as we could drink, which was quite a treat, also a good dinner. After resting ourselves we pursued our journey intending to reach Kaualuna that night.

We still ascended for about another mile when the scene suddenly changed. We arrived at the summit of a steep cliff almost perpendicular for at least fifteen hundred or two thousand feet above the level of the sea. Far away below lay the pretty village of Kalaupapo. Potato and melon patches all lay out in full view. Away to the right lay the remains of an old crater and beyond that the open sea. We got pretty tired before we got to the bottom, and besides it rained very heavy and made the roads very slippery. It was between eight and nine o'clock before we reached Kaualuna, and the Saints had all gone to bed. They neither had food nor water when we got there, however, after an hour we got a drink of water and went supperless to bed, or rather laid down on the floor in our wet clothes. I scarcely had a dry thread on me for my coat was very thin and it had rained very heavy. I felt to thank our Heavenly Father for his protecting watch care over us on our journey, but I did not feel very well at our reception. At this time it seemed to me there was not much Mormonism in our host, or at least in the Saints visiting our host. I had a lame leg, my feet were very sore after traveling, however, we laid down and slept very soundly until morning.

September 26th. I arose this morning very near perished with the cold, the house not being finished, the wind blew in very cold. Rained very heavy during the night, and continued until about eleven o'clock and we then went down to the sea and had a bath, after which we took a walk about a mile round the shore, then went to a house and had some sweet potatoes and Luau Kalo tops cooked by steam. We stopped some time, Brother Bell preaching Mormonism to them. We then returned home and met with the Saints, very few attended and they seemed as though they did not have much of the spirit of Mormonism with them.

Thursday, September 27th. Brother Bell and I took a walk to the old crater. It is quite a curiosity. After ascending for about a half a mile we came to the first, or outer rim of the crater. It is about a mile and a half in circumference. We then descended about one hundred and thirty feet. The descent was nearly perpendicular, our path was very rough, and after some difficulty we got to a sort of landing or large flat. We found it covered with sugar cane and some fine long sweet potatoes, some few breadfruit trees. In the center of this flat is a large basin a bout half a mile in circumference, the sides being perpendicular for about seventy feet. The sided of this basin are very rough, chiefly composed of rough honeycombed rock. The lowest pit is full of salt water which rises and falls with the tide. The natives say there is no bottom to this pit and that formerly they brought their dead and tied stones to their feet and cast them in. After staying as

long as the extreme heat and thirst would permit, we left this sacred spot. We stopped at a house and got some watermelons which we found very refreshing after our walk. Brother Bell preached to the inmates of the establishment for some two or three hours, after which we returned home. Had some uncleaned fish and more sour poi.

September 28th, Kaualuna. After breakfasting on raw fish and potatoes we took a walk to Waiakula. We were received very coldly by the natives, we could find no Saints in this place. After some difficulty we got a little salt and poi to eat. We then returned. On our way we stopped at a house and got some sweet potatoes. Soon after we saw some men sitting on the ground, we went to them and Brother Bell talked a long time to them about this Church.

I had a dream last night. I dreamed that Elder Frost appeared to me and told me to go on and be faithful, adding that the Lord was well pleased with me.

Brother Bell and I went round to hunt up the Saints this evening, but found they were all gone fishing.

September 29th. This morning we took a walk in the country and had a fine bath in fresh water. On our way home we called at a house and had some potatoes, after staying awhile we returned home. In the evening we went around again but found only a few of the Saints at home. Brother Bell got talking with some of them and one said he wanted to be cut off tomorrow.

Sunday, September 30th. Met with the Saints before breakfast. They all felt well with the exception of two who desired to be cut off. Met again about twelve o'clock. Brother Bell preached, followed by Kahakawila, President of the Branch. Met again in the afternoon. Some of the brethren spoke their feelings. We cut two off from the Church.




October 10th, Waialua. After breakfasting on very fat pork, Kala and Poi, we pursued our journey to Kiliula, where we arrived at about twelve o'clock. We found the Saints middling, but in great pilikia (trouble) for food. We therefore pursued our journey to this place and found the Saints first rate and some fit to cry with joy at our return. After some difficulty we got some dirty unclean fish and poi. I have seen the time when the sight of what we ate would have been sufficient for my stomach. We got news from the brethren in Honolulu, Lahaina, and Lanai.

October 11th, Waialua. Had a good meeting before breakfast. The saints made me a present of a hat. After breakfast we got a couple of horses to go to Kaluaaha for letters. I received one from my brother, Clement, stating that he was well and enjoying good spirits. On our way back I was nearly thrown from my horse owing to the saddle slipping nearly under the horse's belly. We were coming along at a smart canter at the time. We are in great pilikia for food at the present.

Waialua, Friday, October 12th. Met with the Saints and after breakfast of fish and poi I wrote an answer to the letters I got yesterday, and after dining of Pakia and poi we

went to Kiliula to send our letters off. We found Brother Halela very near dead and the Saints very dull. On our return we met with the Saints.

Waialua, Saturday, October 13th. I spent the day in writing my journal from memory from the first arrived at Honolulu, July 5th. Spent the evening as usual, singing.

Sunday, October 14th. We had four very good meetings today. One of the brethren preached for a pair of shoes for Brother Bell as he was nearly barefoot. The weather is very hot and dry, the creeks have dried up entirely and the Saints are looking very anxiously for rain.

October 15th. After Breakfast, Brother Bell and I went to Kiliula to see when there would be a boat going to Lahaina as he wanted to go over. The man wanted fifty cents, and not having the money he could not go. We found Brother Halela dead. He died last night. The Saints mourn his death most woefully, howling, etc. It is the custom. I took a stroll in the evening by myself, I fell in with a Calvinist and tried to bear my testimony to him. I long to see the time when I shall be able to do so with ease. Spent the evening with the Saints.

October 16th. Had meeting and after breakfast I had a long talk with a Calvinist. I find that talking with the natives helps me with the language. Brother Bell and a native Elder went to Kiliula to preach a funeral sermon for Brother Halela. On their return we had meeting here, Brother Bell preached.

October 17th. I had a strange dream last night. I dreamed I was on board ship, sitting in the cabin. I got up and opened one of the cabin windows and looked out over the water, it was as smooth as glass. I looked for some time, at last I saw a gentleman and a lady, very gaily dressed, pass by under the stern of the vessel. The more I looked the more people I saw till I could not see the water there were so many. At last I got tired of looking for my eyes grew dizzy. I turned away and said: "My eyes have been opened, behold it is a vision." I spent the evening with the Saints.

October 18th. I had another dream last night. I dreamed Brother Bell and I were traveling, preaching at every place we came to. I thought we were traveling and at last we came to a hill, very steep and almost perpendicular. It was covered with dead grass, dry sticks and loose stones. I thought there was no other road and we must either ascend or turn back. However, up the hill we went but it was with extreme difficulty for as fast as we would catch hold of anything it would give way. When we got to the top we found a house where we fixed sumptuous light. The weather still continues very dry and hot.

October 19th. Met with the Saints twice today. The long wished for rain has come at last, it has been pouring all day. Brother Bell and I had a long talk between ourselves on the Kingdom of God. I feel in very good spirits though we are very short of food.

October 20th. Owing to the pilikia for food we had no breakfast today till near midday. The rain still continued very heavy, the natives enjoy themselves out in the rain;

they have the advantage of us for they go naked and so are not troubled with wet clothes. There was an immense fall of water from the mountains. I thought at first it was going to flood the whole place it came with such force, it rolled great stones down. They made a noise in the water like distant thunder.

October 21st, Sunday. Owing to the heavy rains we held meeting here today instead of at Kiliula. The Saints would have me speak to them. I got up and said to them that in order to have the Spirit of the Lord among them they must study cleanliness for it was next to Godliness. Spent the evening talking and singing.

October 22nd. Brother Bell left this place of Lahaina. I accompanied him part way. The vessel was lying about four miles from here. I returned about two o'clock and dined on Pokai and poi. I set to studying the language in the evening. I was in a pilikia about where I should stop as Brother Kealo is going over to Lahaina for a short while to work. Kealo asked Lili if he would keep me but he hung his head and said nothing. Kelali, the President was in an awful way. He ran all around the neighborhood trying to get me a place to stop, although I called him back and told him I was not hungry this evening and as for lodging I could sleep in the meeting house that night. And in the morning if the Saints did not want me I would go to Kaluikai, and if they did not want me I would leave the Island and go to Lahaina. This had the desired effect, Kelali was off directly and told the brethren and sisters. Down they came to the house, some cried and some begged and prayed for me to stay. At last Keluli persuaded me to sleep where I had slept before for tonight and next morning he would see what could be done, adding as soon as his house was built he would keep me.

October 23rd. Met with the Saints before breakfast. Keluli did not forget to lay it on pretty stiff about them neglecting to keep the Elders as they ought. He rehearsed what had taken place last evening, and added that if they wanted the blessings of the Lord to rest upon them they would keep me till he had his house finished and then he would not ask them to keep me. Or else I would run off to Kaluikai, they would keep me well and be glad of the chance. Some got to a pretty high mind. Some wanted to fit me up a house and all hands keep me so I would live comfortable, and several wanted to keep me entirely themselves. I thought it would be wisdom to choose the house and all keep me. After a deal of fuss the meeting was closed, and I was told to stop at Brother Liilii's house until they were ready for me. About ten o'clock I was escorted in great pomp to my new abode. I found they had fitted up the house that Brother Green lived in. There is a bedstead in it covered with a new mat as well as the floor, also a nice large table, which is quite a treat after laying around on the floor reading and writing, and on the table was a nice boiled fowl and some good sour poi, etc.

I could not help thanking my Heavenly Father for all the benefits he bestowed on me fro time to time. I felt I would try to live worthy in His sight. In the afternoon I got talking with some Saints about the gift to be enjoyed in the Church; in fact that I had enjoyed myself both temporally and spiritually. I related some instances of healing by baptism. Presently Makapa disappeared of a sudden, and bye and bye back he comes bringing his wife with him, who had been sick for some time. Says he, "My wife wants

you to baptize her." I told him it would do no good unless they had faith in Jesus Christ. He said their faith was strong. I told them if that was the case directly as she was baptized she would be healed. I went and changed my clothes and then in company with Keluli and a few of the Saints, we went down to the water. I then prayed that I might have wisdom, that I might do everything for the honor and power of God to strengthen my faith, after which I baptized her in the name of the Lord Jesus. The disease left her and she got well from that hour. I feel that the time is not far off when the Lord will do a marvelous work among this people.

October 24th. Soon after I was up and dressed this morning I received four letters, three for myself and one for Brother Bell. Mine were from Brothers Cluff, West, and C. C. Hurst; Brother Bell's from J. T. Caine. All good news except Brother Caine was in a pilikia about the vessel having no means to get a license for her.

It has rained heavy all day. They killed a pig today. I did not get anything to eat until nearly two o'clock today, they having no fish. I had to wait until the pig was killed, dressed and some of it cooked. They also cooked some cabbage, the first I have seen since I have been on the Island.

October 25th. Still raining very heavy. One of the Brethren brought my box from Kiliula. I wrote answers to Brothers Cluff and West's letters. Feeling in good spirits, also that the Lord is blessing me every day.

October 26th. Still heavy showers of rain accompanied with very heavy winds. The Saints kept me up till near midnight talking about the scriptures. They had a notion that Cornelius fell asleep at Peter's feet, etc.

October 27th. The weather was so fine after the rain that I was tempted to take a walk. While I was out a wasp stung me over the right eye, it was very painful for some time. I am troubled with a headache this evening, I suppose it is from studying for I spend all my time trying to get the language.

October 28th, Sunday. I met with the Saints here before breakfast after which we went over to Kiliula and held two meetings. I opened the second meeting by reading the first ten verses of the first chapter of the second Epistle of Peter, then made a few remarks and exhorted the Saints to be faithful. This was my first attempt in the native language. The Saints felt good. While there I received a letter from Brother Bell stating that he was still at Lahaina; enjoying good health and everything prospering very well.

October 29th. The weather is fine at present. I wrote an answer to Brother Bell's letter and took it to Kiliula. The Brethren are all well.

Waialua, October 30th. I met with the Saints before breakfast this morning as usual. I had some trouble to get men to go to Kaualua next Sunday to preach and partake of the Sacrament. I spoke on obedience to the Priesthood.


October 31st. I got up early this morning intending to go and have a bath but when I got about a half mile from the house it commenced to pour with rain; having nothing on but my shirt and pants, I was soon drenched to the skin. We are very short of food at present. I have had but two very slight meals today. I supped off Luao and poi.

November 1st. I and one of the Brethren went to Kiliula to stir up the Saints there and get them to attend meetings. They all said they felt well, but some were in one pilikia about one thing and some in another. Brother King came over from Lauai in Brother Bell's stead. We met in the evening, Brother King preached at length. It being the first Thursday of the month we fasted all day.

November 3rd. Rained. In afternoon we had a heavy rain, caught Brother King in it.

November 4th Sunday. We had some very good meetings today, most of the Saints from Kiliula attended. Brother King preached and we administered the Sacrament of the Lord's Supper. The Saints feel well. Spent the evening as usual, singing.

November 6th, Lupehu. We met with the Saints at Waialua before breakfast, after which we left intending to go to a village beyond Halaua. We stopped once or twice along the road to talk to some natives but they all seemed stupid. They put me in mind of what Isaiah said: "They have eyes but see not, and ears but are dull of hearing." We arrived at our destination about one o'clock, and some of the natives seemed very inquiring. Spent the rest of the day talking on the principles of the Gospel.

Halana, November 7th. Had a good meeting at Lupehu this morning. A good many attended. Brother King preached on the first principles of the Gospel. We arrived at this place about two o'clock. The natives seemed glad to see us.

About four o'clock we attended a Calvinist meeting, after their native teacher had finished one of the natives got up and proposed that we preach. He was seconded and it was carried unanimously by the congregation, but their teacher was in great wrath and said he did not want anything of the kind and told the people to go home, with great vehemence, and not stop where we were. But he might as well have spoken to the wind, the people wanted to hear us preach, they therefore asked us to preach outside. We consented and went out to the end of the chapel. The natives sang a lively hymn and Brother King opened the meeting with prayer and then preached to them for some time. The natives were very attentive. One young man wrote down the passages as they were quoted on the back of a plate. The congregation amounted to considerable over one hundred. After meeting was closed they kept us there till dark arguing on the scriptures. We then went to our homes and spent the evening until a late hour.

Waialua, November 8th. We left Halana about nine o'clock this morning. We called at Lupehu and had dinner, talked awhile, then pursued our journey to Waialua. On the way we stopped at a house where a young man could talk English pretty well. He treated us very hospitably to poi and fish and some oranges. We arrived at this place at about four o'clock. We went to the Halepule to hold meeting, but the Saints did not attend so we postponed it until a later date.

November 9th. It has poured with rain all day, accompanied with very heavy wind. Spent the day studying.

November 10th. Heavy showers of rain all morning. It cleared up in the afternoon. Brother King and I went and had a bath. We are in great pilikia for food, had no breakfast.

Sunday, November 11th. While at meeting Brother Bowman came to see us. He had put in at Pulehu about six miles from here. He had just arrived from Honolulu and Lahaina with some horses and donkeys. Two had died on the passage. Brother Bowman is the man who built the Lanai Cutter. Owing to our pilikia for food we had nothing to give him to eat. He stopped with us about one hour and then left us and proceeded around the Island East to get freight.

November 12th. Brother King and I got a couple of horses and went down to the store to see if there were any letters for us, and also to see the vessel. I got a letter for Brother Bell, and one for myself from my brother C. C. Hurst. News good. We called at Kealoha's coming back and had dinner of beef and poi. He tied some up for us to take home with us. He had a nice piece of ground ready for sowing some wheat. Brother King showed him how to sow it and then we came home.

November 13th. Elder Odu's brother died last night. very few Saints were out to meeting this morning on the account. The house is about one half mile off yet we can hear the natives weeping and wailing. We went before dinner to bathe after which we started for Waiakana about one o'clock.

We called at Kaluaho and got two letters, one from Brother Partridge and one from Brother Cluff. They were well but the saints were very dull. This is pretty general all over the Island just now.

This time we put up at a home kept by Keluli. We had quite a variety for supper, bread fruit, potatoes, boiled Kalo and fish. Spent the evening talking, and after prayers we went to bed.

November 14th. The mosquitoes kept me awake nearly all night. About two o'clock this morning our host offered up a prayer. I will not venture to say how long he prayed but I thought he was never going to leave off. He was especially praying for us, the servants of God. His prayer was full of repetitions from beginning to end. We breakfasted on poi and salt just at dawn of day, and before the sun rose we were on our way toward Waiakana, thirty miles distant.

We stopped at Kahanakakai for dinner, they treated us very hospitably. We dined on fish and sweet potatoes. At their request we sang two or three hymns and then proceeded on our journey.

We arrived at Waiakana a little before sunset. The brethren and sisters were very glad to see us. We ate a hearty supper of splendid boiled fish and potatoes. Being very tired we retired early to rest.

November 15th. After breakfast, Brother King and I walked three-fourths of a mile and bathed in fresh water. Spent the day studying. The brethren were away fishing,

they caught a fine fat turtle and had it cooked for supper. I believe it was the best meat I ever ate. Spent the evening talking and singing.

November 16th, Papahaku. We ate a hearty breakfast of sea turtle and sweet potatoes, and then pursued our journey to Papahaku Kalaakai. We arrived here about twelve o'clock noon and the Saints were very glad to see us. We found them all well but one sister who we found very bad with a disease that is very prevalent among the natives. We also found a small vessel here from Honolulu. The Saints have been busy all day shipping melons and pigs. I wrote a letter to my brother C. C. Hurst. I had a fine swim this evening which refreshed me very much after our travels.

November 17th. Brother King was taken very bad in the night with the Diarrhea. I laid hands on him after which he took a bath and from that time he got better. The wind has blown so hard all day that the Saints could not ship their things, there is a very heavy sea.

November 18th. We met with the Saints before breakfast. Brother King preached. about ten o'clock the Saints arrived from Waiakana, we then held another meeting. Brother King preached and was followed by the President of this branch. About two o'clock we met again, a great many attended that did not belong to the Church. Brother King spoke for some time on the first principles, and then we partook of the Sacrament of the Lord's Supper. The Saints feel well in this place. Brother King had quite a long argument with a Calvinist Teacher, Kumuwe.

November 19th. The trade winds continue blowing strong. So much so that the vessel has not yet left for Honolulu. We spent most of the forenoon studying. In the afternoon we took a walk to see melon patches. Held meeting in the evening, brother King exhorted the Saints to live faithfully.

November 20th. The vessel left this morning for Honolulu although the trade winds blew as hard as ever. Brother King and I had a bath, there was a very heavy sea at the time, the heavy waves would dash us up on the sand, then wash us back again. We had rare sport for some time. In the evening we went to see the sister that was sick. At the man's request we examined her and found her body completely covered with large holes eat into the flesh some places as large as my hand. Her body was in a filthy condition and wrapped in dirty old kapa's. Enough to kill any ordinary person. We told her husband to see that she got some clean clothes and was washed clean. We spent the evening talking about old times and singing.

November 21st. Held meeting with the Saints before breakfast. Brother King preached on the first principles. We left Papahaka about eight o'clock intending to go to Kaualuna. We reached Mauunio about eleven o'clock but found no one at home. We had walked nine miles but could not get a drop of water to drink. We had a fine bath near Mauoui. The trade winds have been blowing strong all day right in our faces. The roads were very sandy and heavy to walk on and I am almost barefoot. I think it rather doubtful if I have any shoes left when I reach Waialua. We walked 18 miles before we could get anything, either to drink or eat. I picked up a dried fish in the road, we brought it along with us and when we got to the first house we asked for something to eat and

drink. They said they had no fish. We said we had so they gave us some potatoes and poi and we ate a hearty meal for we had had a long fast.

We reached this place after sundown. We were treated very hospitably to melons, potatoes, and fish.

November 22nd, Nauina. After a breakfast of sweet potatoes, dried fish and melons we pursued our journey to Kaualuna; we traveled about five miles and then we came to what we called the hill of difficulty. It took better than an hour to descend. I believe I mentioned this hill before. The road is cut out of the side of the mountain and very narrow some places and very dangerous for if anybody should make a false step they would to down hundreds of feet. However, after some difficulty we reached the bottom.

Soon after reaching the bottom some Kanakas called us to go to their house. Being pretty hungry we went, they gave us some port and potatoes and poi. After resting a while we pursued our journey to Kaualuna. We reached this place about three o'clock. Found Brother Kahakawila feeling pretty well and all very glad to see us. We supped on potatoes and salt. Spent the evening talking. My boots had just given out when we got to this place. One of the brethren gave me a pair of low shoes, so when I have begged a pair of socks somewhere I shall be set up.

November 23rd, Kaualuna. Met with the Saints before breakfast. Brother King preached on the gathering*; the end of the world. They could get no fish so we breakfasted on potatoes, poi and salt and some kukui nuts.

Brother King and I walked about a mile and had a fresh water bath. Owing to our travels my trousers had got very dirty, in fact, instead of being white they had turned red. I expect I looked more like a laborer in a brick kiln than a missionary. I had none with me to change so I pulled them off and washed them and waited for them to dry. I made my hands very sore rubbing them, it was with great difficulty that I got them clean for I had no soap.

As usual we have been in a pilikia for food today. We had no dinner and but a very light breakfast so when supper was ready we were almost ravenous. We made a hearty meal of potatoes and salt.

November 24th. Spent the day studying the language. We dined about four or five o'clock on salt and potatoes and Kola. Spent the evening singing and talking on the gathering* and Deseret.

Sunday, November 25th. Met with the Saints before breakfast. Brother King preached, followed very ably by Kahakawila, the President of this branch. Breakfasted on cold potatoes and salt. We met again about eleven o'clock. Brother King preached on first principles. Quite a large number of Calvinists attended, but very few of the Saints attended. I got up and bore my testimony as well as I could. I am still very (hemahema) poor in the language. We met again in the afternoon, Brother King preached on the gathering*. There is one thing that I feel thankful for and that is that I can understand the natives much better than I did.


------------------------------------------- The Restored Church, pages 275-276

* "With the selection of the valleys of the mountains as the future home of the Saints an 'ensign' was truly raised, under which converts of the Church were called to gather from every land and clime. In a general epistle sent by Brigham Young and the Twelve from Winter Quarters, December 23, 1847, ..." the Saints were told to "flee to Zion."
If all is well we will start for Waialua early tomorrow morning. We supped off salt and potatoes. Spent the evening talking and singing.

Waialua, November 26th. Were up about 3 o'clock this morning and breakfasted off poi and salt, had prayer, and then started on our journey to Waialua. We traveled about three miles and then came to the foot of the hill of difficulty and commenced the arduous task of ascending by the light of the moon. Although it was early and cold, the perspiration poured off us with the exertion. With the exception of the surf rolling in there was no sound to be hear; it seemed as if all nature was asleep. We could not even hear a dog bark although we passed through the village of Kalaupapa. Soon after reaching the top of the hill daylight began to appear, we traveled about two hours before daylight. We walked about twenty miles before we could get anything to eat. We then stopped at the house of a native and had some new baked Kalo and new milk. After eating and resting a short time we pursued our journey.

We called at the store and got a letter each from Brother John A. West, Honolulu, Oahu. News good with the exception that the Saints are very Polaka, that is to say dull or idle. We reached Kiliula about 2 o'clock and found Brother Kealoha busy shipping potatoes. We stopped a short time and then came on to this place. The Saints seemed very glad to see us back. We have traveled about 35 miles today and my feet are very sore.

Brother King is in a pilikia as his boots are worn out and he has nothing to wear. We ate a hearty supper of (Hee) or squid and some good sour poi. I wrote a letter to Clement and answered Brother West's letter. We have had the house full of Saints all the evening alternately talking and singing.

November 27th. I arose this morning very little refreshed, I was troubled very much with the toothache all night. We met with the Saints before breakfast, Brother King preached on faith. Brother King went to Kililua to try to get a pair of boots but didn't succeed. Met with the Saints in the evening. Keluli and Kamalema had a bit of a fuss, but it was all settled by forgiving each other and shaking hands. I have been troubled all day with the toothache so bad I have not been able to study and it still continues.

November 28th. My tooth troubled me so much that I have not been able to sleep all night, and the pain seems to increase. Our old man was troubled very much too. He got a native to extract his in the following manner: He laid down on the floor on his back and the native Doctor then stuffed he mouth full of dirty kapa. He then took a stick about three inches long, and a stone about as large as my fist. He fixed one end of the stick on the tooth and hit the other end with the stone. Two good hits fetched it out. He very kindly offered to serve me the same way but I declined as I was afraid he would break my jaw bone. However, I got Brother King to try. He struck my tooth three or four times but could not bring it and the operation put me in such pain I thought I would go out of my mind. After that I got him to lay hands on me, it got a little easier then. I have been trying all day to get a horse to go to Kaluakai, but have not yet succeeded. The excuses are that some are heavy with foal, some very poor, and one had a stick in its eye.

November 29th. My tooth still troubled me. No sleep all night. I got Brother King again to try to knock it out but he only succeeded in braking off a small piece. It is very bad I cannot study nor read. We met with the Saints twice today, very few attended meeting.

November 30th. I got up this morning about nine o'clock most worn out with my toothache. I got Brother King to lay hands on me again, since which time I have been easier. I wrote to my brother C. C. Hurst, and also to Brother Eli Bell in answer to one received from him this afternoon stating that Brother Hammond has got charge of a vessel, everything prospering in Lanai, all the Brethren enjoying good health.

December 1st. My tooth seemed to get worse than ever this morning. I got Brother King to try and burn the nerve with a large needle. Tried a long time and got my lips burned on one side which caused them to be very sore. My tooth has been easier all day though we were not able to get to burn the nerve as the tooth was so far back. It has rained all day very hard and the wind is very strong.

Our next door neighbors had a pig take sick the other day, for fear it would die they killed it today in the following manner: They got a rope and tied its jaws together and smothered it. They then baked it whole with a quantity of Kalo. We have been in a pilikia for fish these last two days, having to live on poi and salt and kukui nuts.

Sunday, December 2nd. Not feeling very well I did not attend meeting before breakfast. Somehow I have not felt so well in meeting as I usually do. I have been worried all week and had very little rest of either mind or body. Bobby Burns may well call toothache the hell of all disease.

Brother King and one of the native Elders preached a couple of good sermons about the Saints giving Brother King a pair of boots. Brother Poipoa then got up and said he would give one half dollar toward buying a pair, so they took up a collection and raised the sum of two dollars. The Saints don't seem to have as good a spirit as they used to have. I don't know what to think hardly. They seem as if they do not care for Mormonism. I hope something will take place shortly, the worst of it is they are not persecuted enough they need something to rouse them up. I sometimes feel almost like praying for something of the sort to come upon them. We get talking to the natives sometimes and it is just like throwing water on a duck's back, it runs off, or goes in at one ear and out of the other. This makes me think how weak man is without the assistance of the Almighty. So prospects look very dull at present, in regard to the Gospel among this people, yet I fully believe and trust if we prove faithful and unite ourselves as the heart of one man that the Lord will bless us, not only in getting a thorough knowledge of the language but also in doing a good work among this people. This is ever my earnest prayer. I feel already that being sent on this mission has and will prove one of the greatest blessings I ever received, for it tries a man in every way imaginable. It is necessary to be always good tempered. We must govern ourselves, I find from experience, in our thoughts as well as actions. Also to watch and live prayerful at all times for the Devil is always at hand, even when I have been amongst the natives I have found it necessary to be watchful lest I partake of this spirit.

December 3rd. My tooth seems as bad as ever, it woke me about two this morning. After breakfast I got some tobacco leaf and stuffed in it which made it a little easier. One of the brethren brought me a hat made by the natives (Auiwana). I am very glad of it for the last time we were traveling I wore a cloth cap, and not being used to it I suffered dreadfully from the heat of the sun. Sometimes it would blister my neck and face.

I wrote the following letter to my brother Alfred W. Hurst:


"Dear Brother: As this is the anniversary of your birthday, I forget which but I believe the 27th, I take pleasure of seating myself to address a few lines to you. I heartily wish you many happy returns of the same.

"I hope this will find you and Mrs. Hurst, (or shall I say sister Emma) enjoying good health and prosperity. I presume you have been informed of my arrival here and being appointed a mission on these Islands, so I shall not trouble you with a long detail about that. So suffice it to say that I am enjoying excellent health and spirits.

"I already feel that being sent on this mission has and will prove one of the greatest blessings I have received since I have been in this church. I am, they say, learning the language very fast but as yet I have only spoken in public twice in the native language. I hope by the time you get this I shall be speaking fluently.

"Clement is in Honolulu at present. I expect he will leave very soon for the valleys in company with some of the brethren. He was well the last time I heard from him, about a week ago.

"I would like to know what you think about Mormonism now. I hope and trust ere this you have rendered obedience to the requirements of the Gospel. You have either got to believe it or be damned, that is Christ's words, and I know it is true. You cannot, my dear brother, obtain salvation in any other way than being baptized for the remission of sins, that you may receive the Holy Ghost, which will give you a knowledge of the Gospel. My dear brother, I tremble lest you reject this Gospel, if you do, behold how great will be your condemnation, for you have had the privilege of hearing this Gospel preached, you have had an example set before you, you have had our testimonies to the truth of this work, you have had our fervent prayers offered up in your behalf, and will you, oh my brother in the flesh, will you not believe your own brother. Do you think we would have left our home, and dear mother and sisters behind on mere belief. Again do you think for one moment we lie when we say we know the gospel is true and that it is from God? Do you think we would risk our salvation in this manner? O my dear brother I beg and entreat you to examine these principles and obey them, and then ask God for a testimony and He will give it to you. Remember St. Paul says: "The natural man understandeth not the things of the spirit of God." Therefore, before you can tell anything about this Gospel you must try it. I have found for myself that this church is true, by a witness of the Spirit of God,

or I should say hundreds of testimonies. I have witnessed the gift of tongues, prophecy, healings, etc. to back this up. The whole of the scriptures prove this church to be true, also the signs of the times. I promise you in the name of the Lord Jesus you shall receive all these blessings if you obey these principles. How do you think you are going to obtain salvation unless you obey the commandments of God? The Bible shows us plainly there is only one road to heaven. Therefore, my brother, pray to God that your eyes may be opened, that you may see the truth. You may try to cast this aside, but in vain, it will stick to you, and if you reject this testimony of your brothers, affectionate though distant, you will have to give account thereof in the day of judgment. May the God in heaven bless you is the prayer of



December 4th. Brother Keanu, a native Elder, arrived from Lanai via Lahaina. He brought a letter from President S. Smith, stating that they were all well, everything going well except the potatoes, the worms were bothering them considerably. I spent most of the day writing the following letter to my Mother:


"My ever Dear Mother: This is the second letter I have addressed to you from these Islands, and I can assure you I long to hear of your welfare. I hope you will not think we have run away from you and forgot all about you because that is not the case. I have no doubt it looks strange to you about leaving you in New Zealand and not going to see you before we left. We would have done so but it would have taken all the means we had. Besides it would not have been wisdom as we were counseled together and I concluded the Lord knew best and did as His servants told me. Another thing you sent such unkind letters to us, that is when you did write, which was seldom, in fact all of the letters I got were full of abuse against the Church, especially from Selina; but do not think for one moment we think anything about it, for still as I have written above in native, "Great is our love for all." I can assure you that you are not forgotten by us, for you are remembered daily in our prayers.

"One thing why I wanted to gather was to be with the Saints of God, and also to get a comfortable home for you, but the Lord has seen fit to call me to a mission in these Sandwich Islands, so I well leave that for Clement to do. I hope and trust when my mission is up I will meet you all in Zion for as the Lord lives, that is the only place of safety from the distress that is already coming upon the nations, and if you will take the warning voice of your two sons and the Elders of the Church, if you have not already done so, you will be baptized for the remission of your sins and flee to Zion. That is the place spoken of by the Prophets, both ancient and modern, for surely with your own eyes you can see that peace is taken from the earth. The judgments of the Almighty are being poured among the nations of the earth; pestilence, wars, famines, earthquakes, etc., and you can read about it all in your own Bible. What can you be thinking

about, will you reject our testimony, shall we call on you in vain to repent? O that I had the voice of an archangel, I would make all the nation to hear the joyful sound of the Gospel. Will you not believe what we say? Does it seem like idle tales to you? I hope not. If you do not understand what I have written, kneel down and pray and ask God, and He will give you wisdom. I wish I could express my thoughts to you but I cannot. At times I feel as if I could weep for you. O if you could only know our love for your soul. I feel as if I could undergo anything to get you to obey the Gospel, but I feel to put my trust in God, knowing it will work out alright in the end if I do right. I do sincerely hope and pray that you will no longer reject our testimony but read your Bible carefully and practice its teachings. Get baptized in order that you might receive the Holy Ghost from those who have the power to bestow it and then you will know for yourself as we do that the Gospel is true, and the power of God unto salvation to those who believe and practice it.

"I will now draw to a close stating that we are ever well and rejoicing in having cleared our skirts of your blood, so that in the day of judgment you will have no excuse. May the God of heaven bless you with his spirit is the prayer of your ever affectionate sons



Mrs. S. M. Taunton, Wellington, New Zealand.


"My ever Dear Sister: It is with pleasure I take up my pen to let you know of ;my welfare in this far off land. As I used to sing at home, "Absence Makes the Heart Grow Fonder", again, though in a foreign land they will find no change in me. This is true though long absent from you, we have not forgotten you. Our prayers have ascended in your behalf daily that you may render obedience to the commandments of God in order that you may receive the same blessings that we do, and also that you may obtain salvation in the kingdom of God. I will ask you one question. Before we obeyed the commandments of the Lord Jesus you used to love us both and believed what we said, but since that time you have set your face against us What is the reason? Have we behaved unkind to you? Verily no. But otherwise we have loved you all the more and have done every kindness that lay in our power, in one way especially, in warning you to flee from the wrath to come. What then can be the reason? Jesus Christ's words shall be the answer to the question. Matthew 34:35-36. "Think not that I am come to send peace to he earth, I am not come to send peace, but the sword; for I am come to set a man in variance against his father, the daughter against the mother, etc., and among his foes shall be those of his own household." so you see you are fulfilling the prophecy for our Savior. Now I know you do it ignorantly, God forbid that you should continue to reject his council. Will you not believe our testimony that this work is true, and that Joseph Smith was inspired of God to usher in this, the dispensation of the fullness of times? Do you call this blasphemy? The Jews of old called Jesus a blasphemer because He said He was the Son of God. I ask you: Did that alter the truth of what He said? Verily no. Unknowingly they killed him but still He was the Son of God. The very same with Joseph Smith, he said he was a prophet of God and commanded man everywhere to repent. Did he do any man an injury? No. He warned them to obey not his commandments, but God's, which you have plainly written in your own bible. Did he like the sects of the day, get a feeling in his heart that he must preach? Verily no, for the Lord commanded him by revelation from heaven. Why did no men rise up and kill John Wesley, Calvin, and others too numerous to mention? Because they preached their own opinions and were not sent from God by revelation. Then why was Joseph Smith and his followers driven from city to city and at last hundreds of them murdered, persecuted, and Brother Joseph with them? Because they preached the same Gospel that Christ and his Apostles preached anciently "He that believeth and is baptized shall be saved, and he that believeth not shall be damned," Jesus Christ says: "Ye are not of the world, therefore, the world hateth you." again, "You shall be hated of all men for my name sake," therefore, you see the necessity of persecution. Christ says again: "It is necessary that offences come, but woe to them by whom they come." This strengthens me when I see you all against us. It proves the Gospel is true. Lest I weary your patience I will close by giving you my humble testimony to the truth of the Gospel. I have examined it every way to my satisfaction. I have searched the scriptures diligently. I have proved it by gaining a testimony, or shall I say hundreds of testimonies. Therefore, I can say to you, and lie not, that I know the Gospel to be true, and will save them that believe and practice it. I humbly pray to our Father in Heaven that you may render obedience to the principles and that you may be saved in the Celestial Kingdom of God. In the name of Jesus Christ, Amen.



Miss Amelia Ann Hurst. Wellington, New Zealand.


"My Ever Dear Sister Amelia: It is with peculiar feelings that I sit down to write to you. I sincerely hope you are enjoying good health. What pleasure it would give me to see you once more, and have a chat once more my dear Amelia. Though we are Mormons we have not forgotten you, but love you all the more. As I cannot have the privilege of a chat with you I will do the best I can under the circumstances. Presuming you would like to know how I live here I will proceed to tell you to the best of my ability as follows:

"The chief article of food use here is called poi, and is made from the roots of a plant called kalo, a species of Indian turnip. It is baked underground then washed and pounded up and mixed with cold water to a thick paste. It is then set by till it ferments, or gets sour. It is then eaten cold with the fingers. Also sweet potatoes, these are usually mashed up and mixed with cold water and as they bake enough to last sometime near a week, the consequence is they get sour too. I was most afraid to eat them at first, but however, received no injury. Then we have fish when we can get it, sugar cane, water melons, sometimes breadfruit which is delicious when ripe, also bananas and sometimes oranges, but they are not plentiful on these Islands, come places plenty of coconuts. I believe this is the poorest of all the group for fruit.

"The people are generally very kind and hospitable, except when the ministers have got such power over them. Some places they actually tell the people not to let us come near their houses lest we defile them. They circulate all manner of lies about us. I am very glad about that as it always helps forward the work of the Lord.

"I am present studying the language of this people. It seemed very hard at first but the blessings of the Lord have attended me, though I do not do much at preaching yet. This language is different from the New Zealand as they use "K" instead of "T", though it evidently belongs to the same class. The natives here resemble the natives there as far as skin and color goes, but they are not such an intelligent people by far, at least so far as I have seen. It is laughable to see the women, they dress in what they call in New Zealand, round abouts, all the gayest colors they can get. They then get a long piece of print and wind it about their waists and get astride a horse and away they go, daring as a horse soldier, with the end of said print flying in the wind.

"Obey all the commandments of God as far and as fast as they are made known to you, in so doing the Lord will bless and prosper you. You have our testimony to the truth of this work. I have proved it every way to my satisfaction, therefore, my dear Amelia, hesitate not, but serve the Lord. As for Clement and I, we will serve the Lord come what may, even death, for we love the Lord Jesus Christ. May you receive His spirit to lead and guide you into all truth, is and ever shall be the earnest prayers of your affectionate brothers in the Gospel of Jesus Christ.



Wednesday, December 5th. I spent most of the day writing. I have not felt very well all day owing to having no sleep last night, my tooth kept me awake all night. This morning my face and head was very sore all up one side. The pain has been so intense I felt like fasting today. About 11 o'clock I was complaining about the soreness in my head. I went out soon after, I had a great deal on my mind as I had just been writing home to New Zealand. I retired by myself and prayed to the Lord to have mercy on me. Immediately all pain and soreness left me and it seemed as if I had never been troubled. This made me feel good and I feel to put my trust in the Lord, for surely his hand is over me for good.

December 6th. Fast Day, it being the first Thursday in the month. We held meeting early in the morning. Brother King exhorted the Saints to keep the fast and pray and serve the lord aright. He was followed very ably by Brother Keanu on Faith. The natives had a great feast today, they sent us some very good pork which was quite a treat after eating salt and poi for the last fortnight. We had two good meetings this afternoon,

most of the sisters bore their testimonies. Spent the evening very agreeably discussing the scriptures and singing.

December 7th. I wrote to Elder Cooke and Thomas Holder at New Zealand. I also wrote to C. C. Hurst at Honolulu and enclosed all my letters home for him to post there. In the afternoon Brother Keanu and I went and tried to get the Saints at Kiliula to meet but did not succeed. We got back in time to hold meeting in this place. On the way home some of the brethren gave us as many bananas as we could eat. The natives are all preparing for a heavy Kona tempest.

December 8th. I wanted a horse this morning to go to Kaluaha to see if there were any letters at the store. I sent Brother Keanu to get one while I ate my breakfast. Bye and bye he came back and said his Brother would bring me one presently. I waited till about 12 o'clock and then went to see where the horse was. I asked the man about it, he said, "There is the horse if you can get a saddle as I have loaned mine." I could have said something to make him remember, but I thought it best to laugh it off and I gave up all idea of going. I then returned and Brother King and I went and had a bath in fresh water. It rained nearly all afternoon.

December 9th, Sunday. Met with the Saints before breakfast. About ten o'clock we met again. Most of the Kiliula branch attended and also a great many Calvinists. The meeting house was full. We had some first rate singing. The Saints seemed to enjoy the Spirit today. We met again about 1 o'clock and partook of the Lord's Supper after which I bore my testimony to the truth and read two or three passages of what the Holy Spirit was given for; also the fruits of the Spirit. Met again in the evening, had a first rate meeting. President Keluli layed it on pretty stiff about the Saints not giving Brother King a pair of boots as he is near barefoot. I got up when he had finished and spoke on the same subject. It took some effect for two or three cried out that they would give ten cents and some twenty-five cents. We then closed the meeting, the Saints feeling very well.

Most of the day has been very fine but it has poured all evening. Spent the evening singing.

December 10th. I forgot to state yesterday morning while at meeting one of the brethren brought me some letters from Clement and some note paper. Means very good, he feels well. Reports the foreign branch enjoys good spirits. I wrote an answer today giving him a little counsel. It has rained very heavy all day. Brother Keanu and I were to have started around the Islands this morning, but the weather would not permit.

December 11th, Pakea. Met with the Saints before breakfast. Brother Keanu preached.

We had some eel for breakfast, stronger than any shark I ever saw, it fairly turned my stomach.

Brother Keanu and I started for Kaualuna about eight o'clock and we stopped at Kamaloa for dinner at a Catholic's house, a relative of Brother Keanu's. After talking a short time on religion we again pursued our journey. The road very heavy, Brother Keanu got so lame he was obliged to walk barefoot. We reached this place, Pakea, about sundown. We found Brother Laipau at this place, he was very glad to see us and treated us very hospitably.

He, like a great many more, believes the Gospel and is well satisfied except the gathering to Lanai*. The Saints say if the Mormons had taken the section of land (kalae) that was offered them on this Island, they would gather there immediately, in fact some seem to grieve very much about Lanai, saying it is the land of famine and if they go there they will starve to death. It is my firm belief the time is not far off when they will want to gather to Lanai but will not be able for the Lord will surely visit this people, much to their sorrow, if they do not speedily repent and obey His commandments through His servants.

December 12th, Kaualuna. After breakfasting on very thin poi and fish we pursued our journey toward Kaualuna. The heat was intense and not a breath of wind. We found it hard work ascending the mountain. We tried to get something to eat several places, but did not succeed. We stopped at one house, as usual a crowd gathered round so we preached to them for some time and then pursued our journey. We descended the Hill of Difficulty. On our way being very hungry, we cracked some kukui nuts and ate. They taste much like coconut and in size and appearance they are like the English walnut, but much richer, in fact they are almost too rich to eat alone. When we reached the bottom we fell in with an old man. He invited us to his house and eat. With pleasure we accepted the proposition and ate a hearty meal on salt and poi.

We reached this place about sundown and found Brother Kahakawila and wife feeling very well and to all appearances very glad to see us. We suppered on fish and sweet potatoes. Spent the evening talking about Lanai and Salt Lake Valley.

December 13th. Met with the Saints before breakfast. brother Keanu preached on the gathering. We took a short walk this morning. I went down to the seaside to wash my feet. While I was doing so a large wave rolled in and wet me through to the skin before I could make my escape.

Spent most of the day studying. In the evening I had a narrow escape of losing my life in the following manner: President Kahakawila has a young horse that has never been broken. He saddled him up and Brother Keanu rode him a short distance and back, I then mounted and rode a short distance and he bolted. I let him run for some time and then stopped him and was coming back again and got within a quarter of a mile from the house when he took fright of some children, one having on a red frock. The road was very steep and rocky, she reared up after jumping about for some time and fell on her back. As luck would have it I jumped quick or else she would have fallen on top of me. She served me this way three times successively, the last time before I was well in the



* "The Saints in California were instructed to remain where they were, if they so chose; likewise the Saints on the islands of the Pacific, 'until further notice.' "

The Restored Church, page 276

saddle as the bridle broke. The last fall I was obliged to lead her home. It seemed a miracle to me that I got off unhurt for the road was very rocky and very large stones on the side. I could not help feeling thankful to my Heavenly Father, for his protecting care over me. While living here we have cold potatoes and salt as they are too busy to catch fish.

December 14th. Met with the Saints before breakfast. I spoke for a short time on the first principles, followed by Brother Keanu.

About 12 o'clock Brother Keanu and I walked about a mile and had a bath, coming back we tried to talk to some natives, who were very shy. We have been in a pilikia for food all day. The Saints here seem to get worse instead of better, and seem to have no love for us at all. In fact, living among them seems to burden them. Spent the day as usual, studying.

December 15th. I was troubled all night with the toothache. It kept me awake all night and has troubled me all day. Nothing to eat as usual now. I waited patiently until evening and then sent Keanu to get some from the neighbors.

In the afternoon Brother Keanu and I went with one of the sisters to baptize her as she had not been walking as straight as she ought to have done. She was confined about five or six months ago. The baby is still living.

Sunday, December 16th. Met with the Saints before breakfast. I tried to get the Saints to speak but did not succeed. Brother Keanu preached after which I confirmed this Sister Keanu had baptized yesterday. Met again at 11 o'clock, had a very good meeting. I opened the meeting and spoke for some time, followed very ably by Brother Keanu and Brother Kahakawila. We met again about 2 o'clock, Brother Keanu spoke for some length on the Lord's Supper, after which I spoke on the first principles proving this Church to be true from the scriptures, after which we partook of the Lord's Supper. A great many Calvinists attended. The Saints seemed to feel better than I have seen them for some time. We continued the meeting until nearly dark for Keanu got up again and thundered away for at least an hour and a half. I closed the meeting by saying a few words. I must say I have enjoyed the Spirit of the Lord today. I find it is very difficult to express myself yet as I would like. One time this afternoon I was speaking along and came to a dead standstill just for the want of a few words I didn't happen to know. My earnest prayers are that the Lord will continue to bless me so that I may stand up in His name and preach this Gospel in the Hawaiian language.

December 17th, Kaluakai. After a light breakfast of poi and salt we left Kaualuna with light hearts and set out for this place. We took our time ascending the Hill of Difficulty, called at a house and got a drink and then proceeded on our journey. We called at two or three houses on our way but did not succeed in getting anything to eat. We then walked about nine miles without houses or water. About fire o'clock we reached Maunui; was in hopes of getting a drink of water, but we were again disappointed for we

found nobody at home. Keanu went inside but all the water bottles were empty. We searched for some time for the spring but all our efforts proved fruitless. We then went down to the seaside and bathed our feet for they were very sore. I pulled my shoes off and tried to walk without them but the road was very rough and I was soon glad to get them on again. Before dark we found some water in a rock, and drank of it although it was stinking. About one hour after dark we found some Ka, or sugar cane which refreshed us very much, for we had nothing to eat all day. After refreshing ourselves we pursued our journey in hopes of finding a house. Owing to it being very cloudy the moon didn't give much light, we lost the track or road two or three times. At last we succeeded in finding a house about nine o'clock. When we got there they said they hoped we were not hungry as they had nothing to eat. We told them we had had nothing to eat all day. The woman then lit the kukui or lamp and managed to find a couple of handfuls of potatoes mashed up; to make the most of it she mixed cold water till it was perfectly thin, after which we ate and drank the same with a little raw fish. And after a very long prayer by the host we laid down on the floor to rest for the night.

December 18th, Papahako. We arose early and after hearing our host sing a hymn and then Brother Keanu prayed and then we pursued our journey to this place; only having about four miles to go we arrived here about eight o'clock and found the Saints well and very glad to see us, greeting us with a hearty shake of the hand.

We found a small vessel just ready to sail for Honolulu, Oahu. They had just taken the sick woman, I spoke of before, on board intending to take her to Honolulu to the Hospital.

We ate a hearty breakfast of raw fish and potato Poi. My feet were so sore I could scarcely walk owing to my shoes being very low and one nearly off my foot and no socks. The road we had traveled was very sandy; I had to stop every now and then to empty the sand out of my shoes. In the afternoon we went out to see the melon patches and sugar cane.

We spent the evening singing. I almost forgot to add, most of the Saints are gone to Honolulu, some went this morning soon after we arrived.

December 19th. In way of helping to fill up I will relate a dream I had last night. It struck me as being so remarkable. I thought I was living at home with my mother. I thought I was very happy as I was very much loved. By an unlucky chance one day I changed my clothes and after so doing, all their love, like Ammon's of old, turned to hatred and distrust. This I could not account for; it seemed so foolish to think changing my clothes would make any difference. I lost all peace; at last they lost all confidence in me and hated the very sight of me; said I should not live there any longer, that I should learn my own living. In vain I tried to prove to them contrary, both by words and action. I thought my elder brother was very bitter against me; I also thought they used my youngest brother, Clement, shamefully. At last to prove me, my eldest sister gave me some cotton needles to hawk about the town, but not before counting them very carefully I spent one whole afternoon and only succeeded in selling two or three penny's worth. I returned home with a happy heart. My sister then recounted them with what I had sold

and found all correct. She then called my brother and sister: "How apt we are to judge wrong, now I have proved Fred to be honest."

We held meeting before breakfast. Brother Keanu preached. This is a dreadful place for fleas; I had very little sleep and Keanu had none. The house is swarming with them. We had some papapas for dinner, they are a species of pea and taste just the same as the English kitchen pea, they are about the size of a french bean. It has been threatening to rain all day. Spent the evening singing and talking about New Zealand and Otahite, etc.

December 20th. Last night we laid down to rest, but found none for the fleas were very hungry. I lay down for about one hour and could not lay any longer so got up and went out of doors and shook myself and Keanu was half cranky so we made up our minds to sleep out of doors. We carried a mat and a blanket out and spread on the sand. I ought to have said we carried a lot of fleas out with us, and to make up the deficiency we had a lot of crabs crawling about the bed. One got hold of me by the back of the neck just as I got to sleep. I arose and shook him off and laid down and went to sleep for about an hour. Then it commenced raining so we packed up and commenced looking for a cave to sleep in rather than go back into the house. Being barefoot I hurt my feet considerably. After searching for some time we found a cave about a quarter mile away. We again made a bed and lay down close to the breaker, but could not sleep for some time. About three o'clock the rain began to pour in on us, as this was our last resource we were obliged to go back into the house. On our way back I ran some thorns in my feet and stubbed them against the rocks for I could not see it was so dark. However, we reached the house and I made out to sleep for I was nearly tired out for I had but little sleep the last three nights.

We held meeting before breakfast. The weather cleared up about daybreak and it has been a very nice day. Spent the day studying, but with fleas at night and fleas in the daytime I find it difficult to study. Spent the evening singing.

December 21st. Met with the Saints before breakfast as usual, Brother Keanu doing the preaching. It has been very warm today. I am troubled again with the toothache.

I find that I am getting the language fast now, I make it a practice to pray in native both public and private. My assistant, Keanu, is a very good companion and a very good man. He has a pretty good knowledge of the Gospel. He writes a better hand than any of the natives I have seen.

December 23rd. It rained very heavy during the night and this morning but notwithstanding the roughness of the weather, Brother Iakua came from Waiakane. Some natives told him we were here. We had a meeting this morning and one in the afternoon. In the one this afternoon we partook of the Lord's Supper. I spoke for some time, much easier than I have ever done before in their language. Brother Keanu spoke well. We enjoyed the Holy Spirit to a considerable degree today. Quite a number of

non-believers attended our meetings. Spent the evening agreeably singing hymns in native.

December 24th, Waiakane. We started for this place in company with Brother; Iakua, but he, being on horseback, soon left us. He went and got some potatoes and about forty or fifty bananas so when we caught him we sat down and ate them. We reached this place about two o'clock, dined on potatoes and pork. The Saints here are very comfortable, we suppered off fish, bread and potatoes. Spent the evening talking.

December 25th, Christmas, Waialua. Brother Keanu and I left Waiakane about six o'clock this morning. When we started we had no idea of reaching this place. We walked about ten miles and then sat down and ate some cold potatoes, we had brought with us, by a big spring. I could not help thinking how different they would spend Christmas at home. I got into a sort of reverie and fancied I could see their happy faces around a table loaded with the good things of this world, such as plum pudding, roast beef, etc. I will say though that we are traveling in the hot sun and on a rough road.

I spent the day pleasantly thinking how much better off I now am than I was before I became a member of the Kingdom of God, not in the things of this world, for I have only a suit of clothes and they have seen their best days, for I see my elbows begin to show through my coat sleeves. I am almost barefoot. I have an old pair of low shoes and every now and then I have to take them off and empty the sand out of them as the roads are very sandy and heavy. I have no socks so I will leave the reader to imagine the state of my feet, especially when I arrived at the end of my journey. If I had liked I could have made myself miserable, but no! I put my trust in the Lord and He blessed me with a light heart, occasionally singing a hymn and conversing with Brother Keanu. I do not look for my reward in this life, I look for it in the world to come. I think sometime when I begin to get lonely what Jesus Christ suffered, also the apostles, Joseph Smith and others, and then I feel as if I ought to suffer at times. For one thing I do know it is with much tribulation that we enter the kingdom, and unless I run the race, how can I expect to win the prize. I try to cast all care aside and put my trust in the Lord. My earnest desire is to get the language of this people so I can declare the Gospel of Christ in its purity unto them. No one can tell, except by experience, what pleasure it is to stand up and bear testimony to the truthfulness of this work in the Hawaiian language. I realize already that it pays for all trouble of learning it. So much for my thoughts.

We called at Pokea but Brother Laepoe had gone to Lahaina. They had no poi in the house, but they gave us some fish, and after resting awhile we continued our journey to Kauwila where we stopped and bathed and ate some sugar cane. We reached Kamalua about sunset but could not obtain a house in which to stop so we had to continue on to this place, ten or twelve miles farther, in the dark.

We called at the store and got a letter from Brother Caine stating that he was well, also the Saints, both foreign and native, were pretty comfortable. He stated that he expected to go to Lanai to counsel with Brother S. Smith.

Brother Keanu being tired out stopped at Kiliula and I pursued my journey alone to Waialua. I arrived about nine o'clock. Brother King was praying when I got to the house so I stood outside until he finished although it was raining pretty hard and had been for the last mile or so. With the rain and perspiration I was wet through and had to change my clothing. I had traveled 15 hours and walked about 40 miles. I suppered on poi and hee (Squid).

December 26th. Very cloudy and an occasional shower of rain. I stayed indoors nearly all day on account of my feet being so sore after traveling. Most of the Saints are down near the seaside pressing oil out of kukui nuts. I feel very well and happy.

December 27th. We met before breakfast with the Saints. Brother Keanu preached after which I bore my testimony then closed the meeting. We went down to see the Saints press out oil, which they did in the following manner: They got a log of wood about three feet long and cut it nearly the shape of a boat. They then cut a gutter down each side so the oil can run out in vessels placed out for the purpose of receiving it. The nuts are first pounded then placed in a piece of cloth in the machine. They then lay a square piece of wood on top and then get a long pole, sixteen or eighteen feet long, and balance it on top. About twenty natives get on the pole and see-saw up and down and press out the oil that is as clear and bright as any oil.

About three o'clock Brother Eli Bell returned from Lanai via Lahaina. Reports the worms have been very destructive there among the crops. The brethren are all well. Heard this day of the death of Orson Spencer. He died at St. Louis, October 15th, 1855. Met with the Saints in the evening. I am sorry to say that Brother Bell returned in a bad state of health.

December 28th. Met with the Saints before breakfast and Brother Keanu preached. Brothers King and Bell and I went and had a bath after which Brother Bell felt better and was able to preach at the evening meeting. Rather in a pilikia for food. Spent the evening singing.

December 29th. Owing to our pilikia for food we did not break our fast till 11 o'clock. We took a walk in the evening down to the seashore and amused ourselves watching the natives horse racing upon the sand, a usual practice every Saturday night and sometimes more often. One woman was thrown off but received no injury. After watching them one of the brethren asked us in to have supper; being hungry we accepted the invitation. Having no spoons we squatted ourselves down on the floor native fashion and ate the poi with our fingers. We also had nice boiled fish. After doing justice to what was set before us we sang for the amusement of the merry Mormons and a few others, and then returned home and spent the remainder of the evening reading.

Sunday, December 30th. We met with the Saints before breakfast. Brother Keanu spoke after which Brother Eli Bell got up and told the Saints we were short of food. Soon after meeting we had plenty of poi and fish. We met again and Brother

William King spoke from the 9th Chapter and 19th verse of Jeremiah, "For a voice of wailing is heard out of Zion, how we are spoiled! We are greatly confounded, because we have forsaken the land because our dwellings have cast us out." The President of this Branch, Brother Keluli, was in doubt about the gathering. Then Brother King said the verse referred to the Jews of old but is a warning to the Zion of the last days. When he had finished Brother Bell arose and spoke for some time exhorting the Saints to be faithful and gather to Lanai. We then closed the meeting for about five hours and then we met again. Brother Keanu preached an excellent sermon on Mormonism. He was followed for a short time by myself on the subject of the Kingdom of God. We met again in the evening and heard the Saints speak their feelings. They feel well. We have had good meetings today. In the evening, Brother Bell being sick, we laid hands upon him and after a little while he felt better. Spent the evening talking about Prophecy.

December 31st. This is the last day of the year 1855 and I cannot help thinking of the many scenes I have passed through during the year. This time last year I was in the Victoria Gold mines digging gold and now I am a missionary on the Sandwich Islands. I started with a company of Saints under the Presidency of Elder Burr Frost the 24th of last April to gather to Zion where I have been longing to go ever since I joined the Church. After a very rough passage of five weeks we put into Tahiti, one of the Society Islands. We lay there about six days. While there we saw Elder Hawkins and about three hundred Saints who treated us very kindly. They made us a great feast and invited all who were on board who were members of the Church. They roasted a large pig and served breadfruit, oranges, bananas, coconut and in fact a variety of food too numerous to mention. When we were leaving they brought us enough fruit to last to the end of our voyage. Brother Hawkins informed us that he was not sent from the valleys, but was ordained on the Island. We set sail on about the ninth or tenth of June and arrived at Honolulu on the fifth of July. Most of the Saints enjoyed good health although two of them died during the voyage. I believe my Journal will tell the rest.

This afternoon we went to Kiliula and found the Saints had gone to Maui. On our return we called on one of the Saints and had supper of fish and sweet potatoes. then we returned home and spent the evening singing and studying.

January 1st, 1856, Waialua. New Year's Day. We met with the Saints before breakfast. Had a first rate meeting. This day is Lakapu, that is the natives are not allowed to do any work today. They are required by the King to fast and pray.

About 12 o'clock Brothers Bell and King started around the Island Eastward and left Brother Keanu and I in charge of the Saints. We met in the evening. Brother Keanu spoke and one of the other brethren, then I spoke a few words and dismissed meeting by prayer. Before I got half way to the house one of the sisters and her mother got fighting and quarreling and roused the whole neighborhood. I went back and tried to put a stop to

it, but did not succeed for sometime, for these women, when they once get their tongues going there is not stopping them. After talking to them for some time I returned home and suppered off poi and hee as tough as any old boots. Spent the evening talking to the Saints.

I can hardly realize that this is New Year's Day, it is so different to any I have spent. However, as a whole, I spent it very well studying the language, for this is my greatest desire to obtain it so that I can make myself useful in the Kingdom of God. Now that the New Year has come I mean to set out with greater zeal if possible, than I have done before. I find it is rather difficult to put the words of the native language together, though the more I learn the easier it becomes. I want to get the language so that I can preach by conference. I wrote a letter to my Brother, C. C. Hurst.

January 2nd. It has been very hot all day. Spent most of the day studying. ; Went down to the meeting house in the afternoon but did not succeed in getting a meeting. Most of the women had gone fishing. Spent the evening singing, talking, etc.

January 3rd. This is fast day. Met with the Saints before breakfast. We met again about 2 o'clock, four of the Saints attended. After hearing them I arose and spoke on the backwardness of the Saints and encouraged them to attend meeting more regularly. Spent the day studying and the evening singing.

January 4th. We had the poorest meeting this morning I have seen since I came here, about seven attended out of a branch of sixty or seventy. The Saints seem to be getting worse instead of better. I have caught a severe cold and have been feeling miserable all day. Food is very scarce again now. Spent the evening conversing with Brother Keanu. There is a South wind coming up this evening and the natives expect a deal of rain.

January 5th. Brothers Bell and King returned from their tour today at about 11 o'clock. Brother King has caught a severe cold in his throat so he can hardly speak. I had nothing to eat from yesterday until late today. I have fasted three days this week. I find I cannot keep up unless I travel for when we travel we usually get plenty of fish. I received a letter from my brother at Honolulu.

January 6th. The day has been very rough, raining nearly all day. Owing to having no bread we postponed having Sacrament until next Sunday. Spent the evening talking and singing.

January 7th. The weather cleared up a little this morning. I will relate a dream I had last night: I thought Brother Bell and I were sitting in the meeting house, and Brother King was preaching on the gathering. He quoted the following verse from the 1st chapter 10th verse of Ephesians, which reads: "That in the dispensation of the fullness of times, he might gather together in one all things in Christ, both which are in heaven and which are on earth; even in Him." Before he had hardly said these words there came all

of a sudden darkness and a very violent earthquake. The shaking was greater than I had ever felt in New Zealand, even when the city of Wellington was destroyed. I then awoke.

Stayed in the house all day studying and answered my Brother's letter. Spent the evening talking and singing.

January 8th. Met with the Saints before breakfast. We were in a Pilikia for want of food today. I wrote letters to Brothers Cluff and West. We had a meeting in the evening. Brothers Bell and King spoke of the slackness of the Saints in attending meetings and chose a man to see that we were provided with food. Suppered with one of the Saints on fish and poi.

January 9th. Nothing of importance. No fish.

January 10th. Had a poor meeting before breakfast. I forgot to mention yesterday that one of the Saints sent us a large quantity of bananas so we had quite a feast all day. We met again in the evening but very few Saints attended. I am busy reading the history of the Catholic Church in the native language.

January 11th. The weather has been very rough all night. We held meeting before breakfast. Spent the day indoors studying.

January 12th. The wind still continues accompanied by rain. We have been very short of food this last week, if we are not religious enough it is not because we do not fast enough. I am afraid if we live here long we would make good long faced Christians.

January 13th. I attended four meetings today. This day we partook of the Lord's Supper. ; The meeting house has been well filled all day. I feel very well and in good spirits. I got up and spoke in the last meeting. I told the Saints I rejoiced in the Kingdom of God and exhorted them to obey the commandments, watch and pray.

January 14th. We breakfasted about three o'clock this afternoon and then this evening we had to hunt around for some supper. At last we succeeded in getting some raw fish and some very sour poi. I wrote letters to President Silas Smith, Brother John A. West and my Brother, C. C. Hurst.

January 15th. Brothers Bell and King started around the Islands and left Brother Keanu and I in charge of the Saints here; we met with them before breakfast. This afternoon I took my letters down to mail them and then came back and held meeting with the so called Saints here. Brother Keanu got up first and when he had finished I arose and told them my mind for not attending meetings. I also told them we had nothing to eat at the house, and if they did not bring some I would leave them for I was thoroughly ashamed of them. I told them what Christ said; if they would not keep us in one city, we were to go the to next, and we were to shake the dust off our feet as a testimony against them.

January 16th. Nothing to eat as usual until sundown and then I managed to get a small Kalo to eat. We waited for the Saints to bring us something till after dark, we then walked very near a mile to Nauwila's house where we got a good supper. We did not forget to do it justice. Spent the whole of the evening visiting.

January 17th. Met with the Saints but very few attended because a man next door died. He had been sick with some kind of internal disease. They put him in a little house by himself yesterday. This morning a woman went to see how he was and found him dead. As soon as she found him she began weeping and wailing and roused the whole neighborhood. Having no coffin they sewed the corpse in a kapa (a kind of cloth the natives make from the bark of a small tree.) About 12 o'clock Brother Keanu and I went to hold funeral services over him. Brother Keanu officiated. Just spoke a short time on the solemnity of the affair and then prayed. They then took the body and slung it between two poles and four men carried it up to the top of a very high hill to their burying grounds.

Out of curiosity I went to see how they would bury him. They dug the grave barely two feet deep and laid him in and then filled in the earth and then I helped them pull down part of one of their old temples and piled the stones on the grave to keep the dogs away.

We met in the evening and I preached a funeral sermon. The man was not in the Church. He came from Lalakua, and his name was Papu.

January 18th. Met with the Saints before breakfast. I preached on the divine authority of Joseph Smith, followed by Nauwili and Keanu. I washed a couple of pairs of pants and spent most of the afternoon mending and patching them. Met this evening with the Saints, Brother Keanu preached. Spent the evening at Kumaluna's house.

January 19th. Ran about all over the place trying to get some breakfast but did not succeed. The Saints had nothing cooked. I walked half a mile to a waterfall and had a bath after which I returned and took a piece of the table cover and mended my trousers. In the evening Brother Keanu and I went down to Nauwili's for supper and spent the evening.

Sunday, January 20th. Met with the Saints before breakfast. I must say I enjoyed the Spirit of the Lord this morning for I spoke very powerful on the subject of repentance. Several of the Saints confessed; some of drinking, and others of adultery. The second meeting I preached for 1 or 2 hours on the first principles. The Saints were very much astonished and I must confess I was myself. I was told by the Elders that I would astonish myself getting this language. I feel that the Lord has been with me today, I have been able to get up four times today and address the Saints. To the Lord I ascribe the praise and glory. I have not seen the Saints feel so well for some time. being very near barefoot, I got up and told the Saints my pilikia, whereupon one cried out he would give me a pair of boots; but when I got to the house they were lent to a Brother who was gone to Oahu. Another Brother offered me his but they were too big.

January 21st. A real uproar here this morning. In fact, nearly all night. A hauli or white man came to one of the brethren's house and got caught in the very act of adultery with Kahiki's wife. Kahiki is absent at Oahu just now. The natives took them the same hour of the night, and all that was in the house besides, down to Kamaula, about ten miles from here, to be judged according to the law. They were each fined thirty dollars, and any party knowing anything of the affair and trying to keep it secret were fined fifty dollars. According to reports the white man bribed the judge and got clear. So much for the laws of man.

Wrote my brother, C. C. Hurst.

January 22nd. Met with about five or six saints before breakfast, and about the same number this evening. I addressed the Saints on the necessity of cleanliness. I make a short extract of Nauwili's prayer: "Oh, Lord our Heavenly Father, I ask Thee to pardon my sins. When I was a poor man, I and my wife and son used to come to meeting, but now I am rich; I have got two cows, two horses, and pigs, and I have forgotten the number of fowls, and now Lord I come to meeting alone. My wife and son have to stop at home and take care of my riches."

I received three copies of the Deseret News from Brother Eli Bell. I have been very much interested in reading them; this evening especially.

January 23rd. Spent a great part of the morning reading the News. I rejoice to see how they are prospering in Zion. It rained most of the afternoon. Spent the evening describing a variety of things to Keanu.

January 24th. Met before breakfast. I got up and translated the Thirteenth General Epistle for the edification of the Saints. Spoke to them on the gathering to Lanai. In a pilikia for food. Held meeting in the evening, Keanu preached, after which we went in search of some food and succeeded in getting some raw fish and poi at Lu's. Spent the evening there because it was very dark and raining. Got home at 11 o'clock.

January 25th. Held meeting before breakfast. I preached from the following passage: "It is through much tribulation we enter the Kingdom." Acts 14.

I took Elder Keanu's likeness. I never saw anyone more delighted than he was. When it was finished he laughed and jumped about as if he was mad. In the afternoon he went with me up to the top of a high hill and took a sketch of the city of Waialua.

January 26th. As I was sitting in the house this morning studying a woman came in and began talking. She had not been in long until she asked me if I wanted to marry her. I told her NO. She said she wanted a husband and if I would marry her she would join the Church and gather to Lanai for she loved me very much, and if I would have her she would wash my shirts nicely and do everything for me. I had quite a hard job to get rid of her. She asked us to go to dinner with her, and as there was nothing to eat here we

went. I told her I came here to preach and not to hunt after women. I went and had a bath in the afternoon.

January 27th, Sunday. Attended four long meetings today. The spirit of the Lord has been with us today. I got up to speak this morning and could not think of a subject. I thought of what Brother Brigham said to the Elders. "Preach Joseph Smith and you will not lack for words." I preached Joseph Smith and talked nearly two hours. I am certainly blessed in getting this language, every time I get up the easier it gets. I have spoken twice today quite lengthy and felt like preaching all day. I am in excellent spirits; I feel to ascribe all the glory to God, for I know that without his assistance I can do nothing.

Spent the evening singing. I almost forgot to mention I am nearly barefoot. The Saints held a Luna, that is an officer's meeting, and each one got up and spoke their feelings Keluli, most piteously. They collected two dollars and thirty seven cents towards buying me a pair of shoes, and Keanu got up and announced I took likenesses in pencil, 25 to Saints and 50 to sinners. I have seven on hand at present to do.

January 28th. Got a couple of horses and Keanu and I went down about nine miles to buy a pair of shoes but did not succeed. I got some letters from my brother and Brother W. W. Cluff. News good. Reports that Brother Earnest Bird's family are ready to sail for the coast this evening.

I took President Keluli's likeness; there is quite a number that want me to take theirs. Spent the evening at Keluli's, he is very proud of his likeness.

January 29th. I painted a likeness today of a native for which I charged $2. I got one and he promised another. Brothers Bell and King returned from their trip around the Island today. Were in a great pilikia for want of food.

January 30th. I painted brothers Bell and King's likeness. They enclosed some in letters to Salt Lake City to their friends. I fasted till night for this reason, I had nothing to eat.

January 31st, Lahaina. Brother King and I left Molokai for this place in a whale boat. Brother King was very sick. I steered the boat most of the way. I helped pull till my hands were very sore, I raised large blisters on them. We arrived here about four o'clock. I bought a pair of boots. We found Sister Hammond and children very well. Spent the evening very agreeably. I ate the first bread this evening for five months.

February 1st. I bade all goodbye this morning to start back for Molokai. Got about one third of the way back but the wind blew too strong and we were obliged to return. Got back about half past two. Wrote to my brother and Brother W. W. Cluff.

Waialua, February 2nd. I arose about 3 o'clock this morning and Brother King accompanied me to the boat. We started about 4 o'clock and reached here about eight o'clock. The wind blew very strong, we got wet to the skin. I found Brothers Bell and Keanu well. I wrote out a placard and gave it to Keanu to take down to Kaluaha, about seven miles from here giving notice in the native language that I would take likenesses and paint them for $2 each.

Sunday, February 3rd. Baptized a young man this morning, a native. Attended four meetings today, the Saints very dull. I addressed them once only on obedience to the Priesthood.

We want a man to go with Brother Keanu to Pelekunu but could not get one; one said he could not leave his wife, one said his children would starve if he left then, another would go in a minute only he had to get a job of work, and another said he would not mind going only he was afraid of the precipices.

February 4th. Spent most of the day painting a portrait. Very short of food; fasted till night then went to the next door neighbor's and suppered.

February 5th. I took Keanu's likeness and painted it today. He is exceedingly proud of it. Brother Eli Bell is very sick. I and two of the brethren laid hands on him this evening. I had to take charge of the meeting; met twice today. I spoke in the evening on my experiences in the Church.

February 6th. I took and painted Kamaaliwa's likeness today. Brother Bell is still very sick.

February 7th. Met with the Saints in the morning and afternoon, it being fast day. I spoke a short time on the privileges we enjoy. I drew and painted Lu's likeness.

February 8th. Took Keanu's likeness again. Attended two meetings. Addressed the Saints a short time this morning; exhorting them to be faithful. Brother Eli Bell is much better, he attended meeting this evening.

We had three meals today for the first time for I will not venture to say how long. We fasted about three days this week.

February 9th. Breakfasted about 11 o'clock, that is after searching all over Waialua. Owing to having no rain lately there is quite a famine here at present. I wrote a letter to my Brother, C. C. Hurst, in Honolulu.

February 10th, Sunday. Attended four meetings today. I spoke once on the restoration of the Gospel. Partook of the Lord's supper. The Saints felt well today.

February 11th. Have very little to eat today, one meal. Took Brother bell's likeness again.

February 12th. No meeting as the Saints did not come together. Breakfasted off salt and poi. No meeting this evening.

February 13th, Pakea. We left Waialua about eight o'clock this morning after searching all over the neighborhood for breakfast. We dined at a friend of Keanu's at Kamahaa. Reached this place about sunset. Found Brother Laepau feeling comfortable. Spent the evening conversing on Mormonism.

February 14th, Waiakane. We reached this place about three o'clock and found the Saints well and very glad to see us. Spent most of the evening talking and arguing with a Catholic.

February 15th, Papakaho. We arrived here about midday. Found the house all shut up; no natives to be seen. We entered the house and rested a while for the day was very hot, and my feet very sore. I walked nearly all the way from Waiakane barefoot for my boots hurt my feet. After resting we went in search of the brethren. Found two or three Calvinists out in the plantation, they informed us the brethren had all gone fishing and probably would not return till next week. We stayed with some Calvinists. They treated us kindly.

February 16th. Spent the day studying. In the evening at sunset, the Saints not returning, Keanu and I made up our minds not to wait any longer, but start immediately for Kaualuna and walk by moonlight in order to be there early in the morning to hold meeting with the Saints. Kaualuna is thirty miles or more. We walked 14 or 15 miles barefoot. We walked very sharp and about two o'clock we stopped at a house to rest a short time and get something to eat. We were very tired as the road was very sandy and heavy. At dawn we again pursued our journey, descended the before mentioned precipice at Kalaupapa and reached Kaualuna about 8 a.m. Breakfasted and held meeting.

Very few of the Saints attended in the morning; in the afternoon the house was quite full. We held meeting at the President's house as the meeting house is blown down and the Saints have not yet put it up again. Retired very early as we were very tired.

February 18th, Pelekuna. We went down to Waiakaulu to try and get a canoe to come to this place, but they wanted one Dollar so we had to return to Kaualuna. Not long after our return a man came and said he had just arrived from Pelekuna and if we would return with him he would take us for 25 each. We complied and walked again to Waiakaula; this was my first trip in a native canoe. We started although the wind blew strong and the waves ran high. We had not got fifty yards from the shore before I was drenched to the skin. The waves broke over us fearfully, kept Keanu busy all the time. It was with considerable difficulty we landed the sea was so rough. The breakers rolled in fearfully and dashed against the rocks; we hesitated about half an hour before we ran ashore. We landed at a Catholic village. It got dark shortly after we landed.

We climbed up a very high mountain and then descended and reached this place about nine o'clock at night. The people were quite astonished to see us. There are quite a

number of houses here, this place is surrounded by precipices from four to six thousand feet high. The tops of the mountains seem to almost touch the sky. We put up at the house of Keanu's brother and were soon seated around a calabash of poi and fish. After supper we talked Mormonism till near midnight and then retired to rest.

February 19th. It has poured rain all night and day. We have preached Mormonism all day to a houseful of natives.

February 20th. Attended the Calvinist meeting before breakfast after which I talked for some time outside on the first principles of the Gospel. I went around to nearly all the houses and told them if they wanted to hear us preach we would hold meeting at the Teacher's house at half past three; the Calvinist Teacher told them to blow the horn for our meeting. They blew the horn and cried: "Whoever wants to hear the word of God, come to meeting." The missionaries had forbid us to preach in their meetinghouse, and the Teacher's house, though large, was not nearly big enough, so we held meeting out of doors. I preached with great power for about an hour and a half, followed by Keanu. We both engaged the spirit of God, and had a first rate meeting. Spent the evening arguing.

February 21st. We left the village we stayed in yesterday and went about three miles into the country to this place. We were received very kindly. They immediately killed a fowl for us and while it was cooking, at their request we held meeting by torch light. I spoke on Baptism and the rise of the church. Had a good time all the rest of the evening. The host wanted me to marry his daughter, who by the way was very good looking but exceedingly bashful, and live with them. I told him I came to preach the Gospel and not to marry.

I forgot to add that Monday I got everything wet and wore wet clothes all day. Tuesday and this evening I feel the effects of the same in the shape of a swelled face and toothache.

February 22nd, Waialua. Arose very early, breakfasted and started at daylight. We ascended the far famed Pali, or precipice, the steepest hill I ever saw. I had to walk barefoot as the path was so steep and slippery, some places overhanging. We ascended on a very narrow ridge and each side went almost straight down. Just slip off the path and you would fall hundreds of feet and get dashed to pieces. It took us till near midday to reach the top. We rested a while and then traveled over or through a very rough muddy road and descended at Kamalau. Had something to eat and reached this place at sundown, tired and footsore. At least I will leave the reader to imagine after climbing over rocks, etc.

Found Brother Bell well and glad to see us back. We received some pamphlets written in the Hawaiian language by George Q. Cannon in San Francisco, California. I received a letter from my Brother C. C. Hurst in Honolulu, stating that several families; namely Bird, Humphries, John Baptist, _________, Story; sailed in the Francis Palmer for the coast on the ninth of February. Got letters from Oahu and Maui, all well except President Silas Smith who is sick in Honolulu.