the Diary of Frederick William Hurst


Part 4



I took a walk over into the second valley this morning and collected some very pretty ferns, especially of the moss variety. The day turned out real fine and clear and very warm.

Sunday, October 29th. We have been holding what we call Protracted Meetings lately, that is William Wiley, Louis Brown, and George Kilsbury spent the evening with us regularly the last three nights. We did not break up until one and two o'clock in the morning, they showing quite an interest in the principles of the Gospel, especially George Kilsbury who really acts honest and sincere. We ate dinner and supper both at Mrs. Wiley's.

I'll relate the following to show the spirit of the old man: While at dinner William Wiley says: "What do you think Father told me this morning about Joseph Smith. (You know, Father, I told you I would tell the Elders) Father said that Joseph was a thief. In brief he got to stealing men's wives from them."

I looked at the old man, he looked ghostly and devilish and I severely rebuked him for his wickedness. This shows his mean, contemptible spirit. After all our conversations and example, but the old lady is as true as steel and as honest hearted as can be. May the Lord grant that she may yet embrace the truth and gather home to Zion. She wants to be united with the people of the lord, and has always manifest a desire to help us and make us comfortable and as I told her, I know the Lord will bless her and she will yet get her reward.

We had our usual company in the evening and George Kilsbury said, after asking a few questions, that he would give it up, fairly acknowledging that he could bring no argument to bear against the truth of this work. After a long and interesting conversation they very reluctantly left us at two o'clock in the morning. We lay down and slept till daylight.

When we awoke it was raining, however, we breakfasted and then packed up our things.

George Kilsbury came over and told me he believed the truth and said he would investigate still further.

George Fawsett came along with an empty cart and hauled our things up to old Mrs. Wiley's, and not long after a young boy came along and said he would haul us both into town, luggage and all for two shillings. We gladly accepted the offer.

It had quit raining and had begun to get brighter so we bade the folks a hurried farewell. Mrs. Wiley was deeply affected at our departure. God bless her and reward her for all her kindness to us, His servants, and all others that are worthy.

We arrived in town about eleven o'clock. I bought a trunk for which I paid 7 shillings to put my shells and clothes in. Had quite a chat with Charles Lawe about his sad bereavement. After a while I told him that by complying with certain principles he could secure her company in the Eternal world forever and ever. He replied in a very uncourteous manner that he had nothing to do with the future, the present was all he had to deal with or believed in. I did not press the subject as it was like casting that which was holy to the dogs.

I paid [?]2 for each of our tickets for the steamer Ladybird to Lyttleton. We also bought or finished out a good suit of black broadcloth, socks, etc., each. That with ferns, our valises and trunks we had quite a lot of luggage which were awkward but still necessary.

Tuesday, October 31, 1876. We carried our luggage down to the steamer, it was a tiresome job.

I should say Mr. Duff kindly lent us some bedclothes so we slept on the floor at Mother's. She did not like us coming away. I gave Mrs. Duff 10/s so that paid up all we borrowed from Alfred. Mrs. Duff made me a present of a beautiful pair of shells, dark spotted. Clement made us some cakes before we left Oharia, but we went and had dinner at a restaurant or cafe which cost us a shilling each. I took a sketch of the Queen's Wharf and Harbour.

At 2 o'clock we embarked and started about 3 o'clock p.m. and although the steamer Marawater had considerable the start of us, we passed her before getting entirely out of the Heads.

I must say it was with a thankful heart that I bade Wellington adieu. Not having money enough we were obliged to take steerage passage; we lay in our bunks without any bedding as that was extra, but it was not very cold, but the boards were rather hard.

November 1, 1876. I couldn't help thinking, one year ago this morning I left my family in deep sorrow and anguish on account of the death and burial of our dear little daughter, Nora. Yet we mourned not as those without hope for I know she is most gloriously happy.

O how very happy I ought to be for the hand of the Lord has been over, and around about me and mine for good, and my heart swells within me, and my gratitude to devoting myself, my time and my all for the upbuilding of God's kingdom and the spread of truth. And while I'm permitted to live on earth I want to do good.

We arrived at Lyttleton about 10:00 a.m. The town looked very pretty. The ground gradually rising to the hills, enough to show every building to advantage.

Charles and I walked around till dinnertime. We then went to an eating house. Enjoyed a real good dinner for which we paid each one shilling, after which we took the 1:00 train to Christchurch.

In a few minutes we entered the great tunnel. It is one mile and three quarters through from one end to the other, clear through the foot of the mountain. After about a 10 minute ride we emerged into the daylight, and then a most beautiful sight was presented to our view.

Before and at each side of us stretched a vast extent of very level country, very picturesque, dotted over with neat little cottages and farm houses, many almost hid from view among the trees. Australian Blue Gum trees, Wattles, Poplars, English Oaks, trees very much like our Quaking Aspen (the foliage) besides Norfolk Island pines, and other varieties of trees and shrubs entirely new to me, helped to make the landscape most pleasing to the eye. This certainly must be the garden of New Zealand. Every farm and garden and field is surrounded with hedges of neatly trimmed Quick Forge or Broome, and once in a while Holly. Weeping Willows are a specialty and grow most luxuriously.

We passed beautiful mansions situated amongst very tastefully ornamented grounds, with magnificent flowers and shrubbery. It was such a contrast from where we had just come from (Oharia) that I was truly delighted.

After traveling nine miles we reached Christchurch. As the train did not go farther till 4:00 p.m. we took a stroll around to town. The country is so very level, and there are so many trees that in order to see anything the visitor must travel.

We found the main part of town at least one mile from the depot. The streets are four rods wide, and the town is composed of very fine buildings, some of them on a very lavish grand scale, especially the government buildings, museum, new jail, cathedrals, etc. Some stone buildings, concrete, etc., but most of the houses are frame.

We visited the museum. It is situated in a park beautifully laid out, the Avon river winds through the grounds fringed with weeping willows and other ornamental trees. Very charming to behold. The museum contains an immense variety of stuffed birds, skeletons of the Moa 12 feet high, to the smallest hummingbird consisting of hundreds of varieties from all parts of the known world. New Zealand carvings, mats, weapons of war, such as spears, clubs, also idols, canoes, etc., etc.

I was disappointed in the fine arts department. It is very poor, consisting of a few inferior copper and steel engravings, photographic views of some of New Zealand's scenery is really beautiful. Only one oil painting life sized. The subject, a gentleman sitting in a chair with several dogs lying at his feet. No doubt the artist had bestowed a

great deal of labor to very little advantage. It is all together too stiff and too much like a painting to be natural. The statuary is very good, and a credit to the institution, some twenty or thirty in number. Mostly life sized. Venus and Apollo are prominent with many others, also a life sized Japania or (Jassmea ?) in wax work, clad in armour. Forest shells, specimens of Quartz, precious stones, etc. Skeletons of Elephants, Rhinocerous, also a splendid lion stuffed; Polar bear, tigers, lynx, monkeys, in fact an amazing variety of animals too numerous to mention.

We again took train and after traveling 12 miles over a country similar in many respects to that already described with the exception of the sandhills, we arrived at Kaiapai.

Brother McLachlan was waiting to greet us. It was a joyful meeting after our long separation. We went down to Brother James Burnett Senior's where we received a hearty welcome. Here we found Brother Steed and John Rich and we had a good time in attending testimony meeting in Brother Burnett's front room after tea; the first I had attended in a year with the Saints. All spoke their feelings and a good spirit prevailed. Mother McLachlan requested that all of the members of the Kaiapai Branch be rebaptized, which was unanimously concurred with by all present.

Thursday, November 2nd. Elder McLachlan, Charlie and I walked 9 miles back to Papanui. We arrived just before sundown. Found Brother And Sister Boysen well and very glad to see us, also Brother and Sister Mortensen, and Nordstrand, also Sister Norris.

I met so much kindness that I had to keep a strict watch over myself to keep from acting foolish. Brother Boysen is a German, his wife is a Norwegian, a wholesouled, good hearted woman and a good singer, and does all she can to make the Elders feel comfortable. We spent the evening very agreeably singing. Oh what a treat it is to be with the Saints again. I heartily thank God for the privilege.

Saturday, November 4th. I accompanied Sister Norris home, six miles. Received a hearty welcome from Brother Norris. He is a sickly looking man, probably consumption, but his whole soul seems to be in the work of God. Though he is considerable of an extremist, their house, just built, is very poor. The walls, chimney, etc., are built of sod, with a well ventilated roof composed of gum pailings, open all under the eaves and when the wind blows, causes a dreadful draft, and dust from the sod it comes down like through a sieve over everything, making everything perfectly black.

Next morning, Sunday, November 5th, 1876. Brother Norris and family (they have two very nice little girls and one little boy) accompanied me back to Papanui to meeting. The two youngest children rode in a perambulator and were extremely delighted to get out.

Attended meeting at 2:30 p.m. in Brother Boysen's front room. I was introduced to Brother John Walker, also two of his daughters, not baptized yet, but expect to be

before long. I partook of the Sacrament of the Lord's Supper for the first time since I left Utah, one year ago. I was called on to speak, although I felt embarrassed at first, I enjoyed a good flow of the Holy Ghost and was astonished when Charlie afterward told me that I had occupied 35 minutes. The manifestations of the spirit were so powerful it caused may to shed tears of joy. Charlie spoke next, very spirited, followed by Elder McLachlan, all of us speaking on the first principles of the Gospel, and that with power.

In the evening Brother Norris and family returned home, and the balance of us and Sister Boysen walked to Christchurch (3 miles) and held meetings in the Odd Fellows Hall. Brother McLachlan preached on the subject of the decline and falling away of the true Church of God, followed by Charles Hurst, and an appointment given out for next Sunday evening. The subject to be "The restoration of the Gospel in the Latter Days." The attendance was fair considering the prejudice, there being about thirty strangers present.

Wednesday and Thursday Brother Boysen and I went to the fair, or cattle show. I received 10 shillings per day for just leading a prize bull 2 miles to the show and back again at night. He was young and very tame, just imported from England. He took the second prize for the first class stock.

Besides we had the privilege to see everything else; the exhibition of horses, cattle, and sheep was really a credit. I never saw such large heavy horses before. There were pigs, dogs, and chickens, Horses, manufacture, wools, butter, hams, bacon, in fact an innumerable variety. Numbers of booths where liquors of all kinds were dispensed to the thirsty crowd. The more they drank the more they wanted.

There was also every conceivable kind of gambling going on, such as Cylinder Boxes, turn tables, throwing dice, play at different kinds of ball, and whichever way I would turn I would be saluted with cries from women as well as men, "Here you are, six pence a turn, you always get a prize worth double your money, and run the risk of getting one worth two guineas." "Here you, one shilling a throw, a big prize every time." "Now is your time, throw high or throw low, if you hit the ball out of the pit I will give you a shilling, this is the place to make money easy and fast." The idea was they would have a few good looking articles in view to tempt the people but the prizes were a perfect swindle. Still the people crowded around each place, getting nothing but disappointments and I thought what a dreadful bad example to the young. Just encouraging them in every kind of gamble and lying and dishonesty.

Tuesday November 12. Held meeting. Owing to the rain in the morning the Brethren (except James Burnett, Jr.) did not come to meeting as was expected they would. However, we had a good testimony meeting, and in the evening we walked to Christchurch and met in the Odd Fellows Hall. Only seven strangers present. I spoke on the restoration of the Gospel, followed by C. C. Hurst.

Monday, November 13. I walked to Kaiapai, nine miles in 1 hours. Received letter from my wife, a photo of our house and front garden through the kindness of T. B. Gordon, with all of the children nicely grouped on the garden path. Also letters from E. M. Curtis, the clerk of the 16th Quorum of Seventies and R. W. McGalister. My wife wrote in good spirits. I felt amply paid for my walk.

Brothers Steed and Burnett and family were all very glad to see me. Sister Burnett saw me nearly a mile off, and said, here comes one of the Brethren I know. At the same time they were not expecting any of us. I stayed all night and next morning rode back to Papanui with Brother John Clark. Brother John Rich, having gotten his release from president Groo, was very busy packing up. I painted his name on his Trunk, looked him out a good variety of ferns, packed up a pair of large shells, and some pieces of silk mother gave me for the girls to make dolls dresses to send home with him. I wish I could have sent all I had. I also sent an envelope full of photos of Maoris, scenes in Western Australia, sister Amelia and children, also a large card with all the New Zealand missionaries likenesses. Wrote letters to my wife and sent sketches, and Brother Curtis and T. B. Gordon. Charlie and I posted them Wednesday.

Brother Rich started early on November 16th, Thursday. It was raining very hard. Brother C. C. Hurst and McLochlan went to Lyttleton to see him off. I went to work and papered a bedroom for Sister Boysen and finished it Friday. We have had a great deal of rain all week. Charlie took the pound note I earned at the fair and bought me a Maori bible for 3p (about 75), very nicely bound. 10 S had to go for hall rent. I paid Charlie some I owed him and half a crown left, just enough to pay for getting boots patched up a little.

Sunday, November 19th. Had a good meeting in the afternoon. Enjoyed good freedom. I spoke on the divine authority of Joseph Smith, Gospel, etc. Followed spirited by Charles and Brother Walker. Mrs. Walker and two daughters were present, also a stranger and wife.

In the evening we walked to Christchurch. Charlie occupied most of the time. He preached a powerful discourse on the subject, "How Does Mormonism Compare with the Bible." There were about 50 or 60 strangers present. I bore testimony to the truth, etc.

Monday I prepared what Sister Boysen calls the missionary bedroom. The one I am occupying. Clement went off to Southbrook to assist Brother McLochlan. He is building a house for Brother James Burnett.

I had almost forgot to state that Brother McLochlan received a letter from President Isaac Groo stating he had just received a letter from President Brigham Young, to the effect that he wanted the New Zealand missionaries to study the Maori language for the time had arrived for them to hear the Gospel.

Tuesday, November 29th. Finished papering, studied and wrote up my journal. The weather is now very pleasant.

Wednesday, Thursday and Friday I was painting the extension of Brother Boysen's house. Thursday evening Brother Nordstrand and I went to see a Panorama at the Odd Fellows Hall. It comprised a great variety of scenes enroute to San Francisco, Australia, New Zealand, and Africa. Some very fine views of Utah among which were the temple, tabernacle, etc. Some splendid views in the Yosemite.

Friday, November 24th. Spent the evening and stayed all night at Brother Mortensen's.

Saturday, 25th of November, 1876. Spent most of the morning studying and writing. There was a fine boy born here this morning, the lady who is staying with Sister Boysen, a Danish woman.

In the evening we walked to Kaiapai, 9 miles. Received a hearty welcome from Brother J. Burnett and family, and Brother Thomas Steed. Spent a very agreeable evening singing and lively conversation.

Next morning Elder Steed, James Burnett and I walked 4 miles to the Maori Pa. Attended Church at 11:00 a.m. A Maori officiated. Read over the English Church Service but didn't preach. It seemed scarcely possible to endure what they called singing. It was indescribably awful.

After meeting I was introduced to Mr. Mark Happy, a Maori. He talked excellent English. He took us over to his house. He, with quite a number of others, was astonished to hear me read fluently, and they all said very correctly. Mr. Happy said, in one month I would be able to talk the Maori language good. They tried me in many parts of the Bible, and another book, I forget the title of. We stayed and conversed with them till one o'clock. Mr. Happy promised me to teach me the language, and I was to go every day and study the language.

We then walked 6 miles to a small town called Rangiora. It was very warm walking. The meetings are held at a Mr. and Mrs. Miles. They have not yet been baptized, but expect to be. They are an aged couple, and are very kind and sociable.

The meeting was pretty well attended. Quite a number of strangers, indeed, it was quite a job to find seats enough. We had a good time. Elder Burnett spoke first, I followed. Enjoyed great freedom and occupied about one hour. Brother Steed made a few closing remarks.

After meeting was over we had quite an argument on the subject of religion, and then walked two miles to Southbrook where we met Brother John Burnett with a horse and cart for us to ride to Kaiapai.

The Preacher had been around abusing Sister Norton. He told her that she had denied her infant baptism. "Well," she replied, "It never did me any good. Can you find me a passage in the Bible about baptizing infants?"

He replied in Holy Horror, "I am 72 years old, have been in the ministry nearly all my life and do you undertake to teach me? Etc." And they had it hot and heavy until the old gentleman was glad to clear out. Held meeting in the evening.

I should have stated that Elder McLochlan and Charlie are putting up a frame house at Southbrook for Brother James Burnett, Jr. I suffered from the intense cold on our way to Kaiapai. There was such a remarkable change in the weather. It also rained a little, Monday it threatened rain. I stayed and studied and worked a while hoeing weeds in Brother James Burnett's garden.

Tuesday. Walked out to Maori Pa but Mr. Happy was nowhere to be found. Those I did see acted very shy. However, one old man asked me to his house and gave me the church service to read, Psalms, etc. I found three women with several half cast and some Maori children. I stayed about two or three hours and then returned to Kaiapai.

Thursday, November 30th. Walked 9 miles to Papanui. Got a chance to ride to Christchurch with Brother John Clark. Put an ad in the Globe as follows: "Missionary from Utah will hold meeting at Odd Fellows Hall, Montreal Str., Sunday evening, December 3. Subject, "Is it a Bible Doctrine for God to Reveal Himself to Man in the Last Days?"

Friday, December 1st. Walked out to Brother Norris's, 6 miles. Found him and his oldest little girl planting potatoes. He had just bought one ton for that purpose. The little girl looked very sick, in fact, he said they all had been sick except the little boy. Sister Norris really did look bad. I helped plant till tea and all day Saturday. Altogether had a pleasant visit.

Sunday, December 3rd. Brother Norris and I walked to Papanui. On the way I inadvertently said we had started so late I wouldn't have much time to black my boots and get clean before meeting time. He was horrified at the idea and talked a long time to me about being so wicked. I gave him to understand that we did not strain at a gnat and swallow a camel.

I asked him what he would think if he was to call on Brother Brigham Jr. on Sunday Morning and directly he got to the door hear him say, "Here Bub, hang up and clean my boots, I have only got so many minutes to get to meeting."

His eyes bunged out and he replied, "I should feel very bad."

I told him if he ever went to Zion he would both hear and see a great deal worse things than that; that he must not entertain the idea for one moment to find everybody perfect for Jesus said, the wheat and tares grow together, and the best way to find Zion was to be sure and take it along.

Brother and Sister Walker and four children attended the meeting where we administered the sacrament. I should have stated that we found Brother Steed on our arrival. We had a good meeting. Elder Steed preached first, then called on me. I felt so good that I forgot myself and had to have my coat tail pulled. Most of the Brethren and Sisters bore testimony. A good Spirit prevailed.

Brother and Sister Walker want us to pay them a visit. They live 9 miles from here, and said if we would name the day she would send one of the girls with the trap to meet us.

At the evening meeting at Christchurch Elder Steed occupied most of the time. There were only about a dozen present. Brother Steed felt well and handled the subject good in a clear and lucid manner. I assisted with all the faith I could muster for him, and bore testimony to the truth.

Monday, December 4th. I accompanied Brother Steed to Kaiapai. We walked to Stipe a mile and a half, then took the cars. Brother Steed wouldn't let me pay for my ticket though I had a shilling. We saw Jane Burnett at the depot. She was delighted to see us, so, in fact, were all the family.

Although we had eaten breakfast at Papanui before starting, Sister Fannie would have us eat again. Brother Steed and I went to the field to help Brother Burnett with his hay, and we worked at it all the week till late Saturday night. I was both tired and sore.

Next Morning, Sunday, 10th of December. Brother Steed John Burnett and I again visited the Maori Pa. On the way Brother John bought some very fine cherries. The Maoris were shy.

The Maoris were shy. I believe their minister must have told them not to encourage me around. Mr. Happy struck right off and I had to follow him in a hurry, but he said he hadn't got time to talk much. I told him we were willing to pay him for what trouble he took to teach me the language. He made me a present of a pamphlet containing 52 hymns in the Maori language. I felt quite proud of it.

We had a good meeting in Rangiora, and when we got back as far as Southbrook we met Brothers Burnett and Burt with a trap, overcoats and an umbrella. Strange to say we had much the same change again in the weather with this difference, more rain. We had a good testimony meeting.

After tea I had the spirit of prophecy and told the Saints if they would go to with their might, and do as they were commanded, they could gather up much quicker than they had any idea, and if they could understand and see as I did they would strain every

nerve to get out of this land. I felt to prophecy in the name of Jesus Christ, but while some understood the spirit and felt keenly at the time, yet I felt there was kind of careless indifference in others. I felt to remind them to renew their covenants by baptism.

I felt led to talk in the field to Brother James Burnett, and he said he would go that very evening and attend to it, but the time went by. Now Elder McLochlan talked about it several weeks ago and appointed Brother Steed to attend to it and I am sorry to say time flew week after week and it is neglected, and if they don't take care they will die out. Oh Lord, open thou their eyes that they may see and understand, and practice what they know. At the close of the meeting Brother James Burnett, and Brandt [???] both said that they felt like getting rebaptized at the first opportunity.

Saturday I received letters from my wife and all of the children. I thank God they are all well. Willie is busy making toys to sell at Christmas to make a raise. The letters all full of true love. Say they think I will soon be going home to Utah.

Brother C. M. Curtis wrote and sent half a souvereign included in a card. He says to buy postage stamps. God bless him for his kindness. I also read a letter from Reigo Hawkins, my brother-in-law.

Monday, 11th December. Rained fearfully the whole day and had been raining all night. Tuesday it tried to clear up. I walked to Papanui, well the first few miles I did considerable wading. The Wai Makanui was flooding its banks, the water was rising rapidly and both sides of the bridge and along the road for several miles. At last, about a mile from the factory it was too deep to be safe to wade any further, however, I made out to get on the railroad tracks and by walking 1 miles I got clear and felt glad. Spent all day Monday writing home, answering all my letters.

Wednesday. Walked to Christchurch and bought the press for Charlie. Sketched for my folks, mailed them with our letters.

I should have said that Brother Burnett gave me a one pound note for helping him hay. I bought a pair of shoes, had iron heels put on them for 10s 6 pence, also bought a Maori Bible for Brother Steed. Took Tea at Brother Mortensen's, also put an Ad in the paper, subject, "March of Mormonism."

Thursday, December 14th, 1876. Commenced to paint Brother Boysen's House but about 10:00 a.m. it commenced to rain and kept on all day. I wrote to Mother and Mrs. Wiley. Posted up my journal, etc. One year ago yesterday we arrived in Auckland and one year ago today we landed, and I well remember what a lonesome crowd we all were, Strangers in a strange land, and I can plainly see that the hand of the Lord has been over and around us for good for which I feel humble and praise His Holy Name with all my soul in the name of Jesus, Amen.

Friday, December 16, 1876. I walked 6 miles out to Brother Norris's, found them well and glad to see me. I helped him hoe quite a patch of potatoes in the evening and all day Saturday.

Sunday, Sister Norris and Emilie accompanied me to Papanui and held meeting. There were no strangers. In the evening went as usual to Christchurch. Very few attended. Charlie occupied most of the time. We concluded to quit hiring the hall for the present.

On our way home we were astonished at being overtaken by two ladies from Lyttleton. They had been hunting all over town for the meeting, being anxious to see Elder McLochlan who was acquainted with a sister of one of them over in Utah. After a little chat about the Gospel we left them but not before promising that some of the Brethren would visit them at the first opportunity.

Saturday, December 23, 1876. I have been here painting, weeding and studying all week. Thursday afternoon Charlie and I went to Christchurch with Elder McLochlan. I bought a new hat, 6/11, also some more photos of Maoris. I offered to pay Brother Nordstrand 3 shillings that I had previously borrowed of him to pay for an Ad of our meeting, but he told me to keep it. The Lord bless him.

It doesn't appear much like Christmas to me. Everything is so vastly different to our Mountain Home in Utah. We are all invited to spend Christmas at Kaiapai at Brother James Burnett's.

Yesterday Elder McLochlan and Charley visited the ladies before mentioned in Lyttleton. They left some of our works there.

Sister Boysen gave me 2/6 for a Christmas present. About 3:00 p.m. I started to walk to Kaiapai. When nearly half way a gentleman stranger asked me to ride with him in his trap. I did so and we had quite a pleasant chat.

On my arrival I received a hearty welcome from all of Brother Burnett's family. They were all busy making preparations for Christmas.

I forgot to state that when Brother McLochlan came down from Kaiapai last Thursday he brought me a letter from my sister Salina. She expressed great anxiety to see us.

Sunday soon after 9:00 a.m. Brother Steed and I walked out to pay the Maoris a visit. They are extremely shy, but we tried our best to get them interested in the principles of the Gospel, but their minister had told them that we were false prophets, deceivers, etc. We stayed with them until nearly four in the afternoon and then returned to Kaiapai. The prospects don't appear to be very bright at present in that direction, but I feel like doing all in my power to carry out the counsel given us, and wilt Thou, oh Lord, soften their hearts that they may receive the truth, and bless us thy servants in getting a knowledge of their language that we may be able, through Thy power, to deliver the glorious news of salvation to that dark and benighted people.

We had a good testimony meeting in the evening. A good Spirit prevailed.

Christmas morning I went up to the station and met Elder McLochlan and Charlie. They had come by train from Papanui. Sister Fannie had been up since 4:00 boiling the plum pudding, and also Sister Brant. After a cheerful breakfast we accompanied Brother Burnett to his paddock.

When we returned I went with the children to purchase some flowers. At their request I put up a swing in the stable and the children had a good time.

For dinner there was roast lamb, roast beef, plum pudding, green peas, new potatoes, cherry pie, currants, rhubarb, and gooseberry pie. Everything in rich abundance and proved that both Sister Burnett and Sister Brant are excellent cooks.

In the afternoon we had a great many games, jumping, pulling sticks, racing in sacks, playing stretch peg, hand springs, etc., skipping with long ropes, double and treble.

After tea Mrs. Burnett's mother and father came. Agnes, Fannie's sister spent most of the day with us. She is about 15 or 16 years of age and good lively company. We cleaned out the front room and played blindman's buff, teezy and other games until after 11:00 p.m. The day altogether passed off very agreeably. We certainly had a good enjoyable time of it.

Next morning, according to previous arrangement Brother and Sister Boysen, Brother and Sister Nordstrand, came up from Papanui, Brother James Burnett and wife from Southbrook. We all went to the sea beach. Brother James Burnett, all the ladies and children, and provisions in his cart. We walked, the distance is three miles from Kaiapai. The road within about 1 miles from shore is very sandy and tiresome to walk on. We started on ahead. The day, as was yesterday, was beautiful.

As soon as we arrived on the beach we, that is most of us, stripped off and enjoyed a good bath. At times the waves rolled in fearfully grand. The force of them as they rolled in would knock us over and as they retreated the suction at times would take our feet entirely from under us. Then there would be such a host of laughter as we would get half choked and strangled in the salt water. For my part I had quite a number of doses. This is a beautiful sandy beach and in that respect can't be beat for bathing.

We ran foot races, played leap frog, jump the rope and skipped and had a fine time. After dinner I made a large circle in the sand and we played blindman's buff and other games until after 3:00 p.m., then returned to Kaiapai as the brothers and sisters from Papanui had to return by the 6:00 p.m. train, and Brother James and wife by the 5:00 p.m.

We all had tea at Brother George Brant's place after which we had quite a variety of games such as drop the handkerchief, etc. Adjourned to Brother Brunt's where we had songs, etc. I must say I never had a better time away from home. I felt humble and truly thankful, and thought, "What a contrast from my last Christmas." Oh Lord, wilt Thou bless the brethren and Sisters who have been to so much trouble to make us, thy servants, comfortable and happy and may we live worthy of all the blessings we enjoy. Brother James Burnett made me a Christmas present of a piece of green stone.

Wednesday, December 27th. We are all so sore and tired it was really painful to move about. We were all about alike in that respect.

Thursday, December 28. Brother Steed and McLochlan started off to Rangiora, and Charles and I took train for Papanui. The folks were out and the house locked up but they left the key so I could find it. I painted the front sash frames and front and back doors.

We brought an invitation to all the Saints in this region to go up to Kaiapai next Sunday to meeting. Most of the folks here appear to be willing to go. Charlie has now started to invite Brother Norris and Brother Walker and family.

Sunday, December 31st, 1876. A beautiful morning. The Brethren hired a light spring wagon and Brother and Sister Boysen, Brother and Sister Nordstrand, Charlie and I rode to Kaiapai. We started at 8:00 a.m. and arrived at 9:15 a.m. Soon after, brother and Sister Stephen and Sister Norfolk and two children arrived from Rangiora. We also met Brother James Burnett, Jr., from Southbrook and Elder William McLochlan and Elder Steed. We had a joyful meeting.

Brother James Burnett, Sr., and two sons James and John and Brother Brant were rebaptized before breakfast.

We met in conference capacity about 10:30 a.m. and after the meeting was opened the Brethren that had been baptized were all confirmed. elder McLochlan occupied some time on the order of the Priesthood, stating for the satisfaction of all present, although he had no papers from Brother Goo, the President of the Mission, yet he was appointed to take charge of the New Zealand Conference, and Charles and I were witnesses. Charlie spoke next on the same subject. I was then called upon and spoke freely on the privileges we enjoy, and was followed by Brother Steed. We had a good spirited meeting. Adjourned till half past 2 o'clock then nearly all present bore testimony to the truth of this work. We had a delightful time.

After Tea we were all very loathe to separate. Charlie and I returned to Papanui with the Brethren and Sisters where we arrived about dark. This has been the happiest day I have spent in New Zealand.

Monday, January 1st. New Year's Day, 1877. I celebrated in the hay field helping Brother Boysen haul and stack three or four tons of hay.

Tuesday, January 2. Wrote letters to my sister Salina, and Brother C. H. Monson. Wednesday, wrote up my journal and did considerable weeding in Brother Boysen's garden. I am Happy to say he feels better than he did a short time back. He bore a testimony of the truth for the first time that Sunday at our conference. We are having delightful weather.

Thursday, January 4. In the afternoon I walked to Kaiapai. Our mail had arrived. Letters from my wife and son Willie. I am very thankful they are all well. My wife seems to be cast down in her feelings and troubled how to get along. Oh Lord, I pray Thee to comfort her heart and provide for their every want. I do hope Bishop Preston will do as President Young told him in regard to my family, to look after them the same as though they were his own.

Brother McLochlan came down from Southbrook and we had a pleasant evening together. Meeting in the meeting, Brother James Burnett said he expected, judging from the remarks of Brother McLochlan and Brother Steed, that he had learned all that could be learned about the Gospel until he went to Zion. After meeting I spoke to him and told him the Bible contained a great deal more than he understood, as well as the Book of Mormon and Doctrine and Covenants, and there was no stopping place as long as we enjoyed the Spirit of God. The trouble with Brother James is he is always hunting for the supposed mysteries of the Kingdom. Apparently he wants us to talk about something that neither us nor our hearers can understand. I told him that all he couldn't understand would fill quite a book.

Sunday, January 7th. Brother Steed and I walked 6 miles to Brother James Burnett Jr. at Southbrook where we found Brother McLochlan. ate dinner and then we four walked to Rangiora to a meeting at Brother Miles's house. There were a few strangers present. I was called on to speak first, felt free. Followed by Brother Steed and Elder McLochlan.

After meeting they begged us to stay a little longer and have a chat. We also sang four hymns.

We bade them goodbye and walked back to Southbrook where we met Brother James Burnett with his horse and cart. Much against our wish they would have us go in the house. Mrs. Burnett, Jr., is bitterly opposed to the truth and she got so hostile that she left the house in disgust. Tea was already on the table, Brother James, Jr., would have us set up, but his father and Brother Steed would not. However, Brother McLochlan and I sat up and ate a little. We left Elder McLochlan and went to Kaiapai. Didn't have my evening meeting.

Tuesday, January 9th. I started to walk to Papanui. It was very hot. When nearly half way a gentleman invited me to ride in his trap. I gladly accepted the offer. Brother John Burnett gave me 2p for postage, etc.

Wednesday, January 10th. Elder McLochlan came down on the morning train and he, Charles and I walked to Christchurch to mail our letters. I wrote to my wife and son Willie and sent another sketch with Christmas pictures. Sister Boysen gave me up.

Thursday, January 11th. according to previous instructions, we all three walked 9 miles to Brother Walker's. It was a delightful day. Brother Walker was off to work but the rest of the family were all glad to see us and gave us a very hearty welcome. They have ten children living, four sons and six daughters, names as follows: John, Henry, Mrs. Prisills, Mrs. _____, Agnes 15, Ellen 12, Elizabeth 10, Fannie 8, Isaac 5, Joseph 2. They had quite a sumptuous dinner, roast leg of mutton, tapioca and plum pudding, and tarts, etc.

After dinner we sang some hymns. Agnes played on the Concertina very nicely. Some of the girls and little Isaac danced very pretty. All the family joined in different games. Brother Walker worked all dinner hour so as to get home early in the evening.

At his request we held meeting. Elder McLochlan spoke at some length on the first principles, followed by Charley.

Next day, January 12th, we calculated to return but they made us stay all day and night. We had a real good time of it, no jar, everything in the house appears so peaceful and such beautiful order, showing good family government worthy of imitation.

Saturday, January 13th, 1877. Sister Walker said she would take us to Christchurch in the trap. The boys, John and Henry gave us 2/6 each. I rode about two miles and then walked to Brother Norris's where I arrived about 1:00 p.m. Sister Norris and children were glad to see me as usual. Brother Norris had gone to town.

Sister Norris, owing to the damp earth floor, had rheumatism in her feet. She can scarcely get about. He returned in the evening just in time for tea, after which we sat up quite late singing, etc.

Sunday, January 14th. Raining, however I started to walk 6 miles to Papanui. Took dinner with brother Mortensen. Held meeting at half past two as usual. No strangers present. We had a good time. All but Sister Nordstrand bore testimony to the truth. Partook of the sacrament, etc. Shortly after I arrived it rained very heavy and continued all night.

January 15th, 1877. Rain, rain. I posted up my journal and studied the Maori Language.

Saturday, January 20, 1877. We have been having a great deal of rain all week. Colored a lot of photos of Maoris for Elder Steed.

Sister Boysen has been very sick for several days, but she is getting better now.

This morning, just before leaving Papanui for this place Kaiapai, Brother Nordstrand ran in to bid me goodbye and gave me a shilling to pay my fare on the cars. I have eaten several meals over there lately.

Charlie says Elders are too common around here and are not appreciated as they ought to be. I told Brother Boysen the other day I didn't think they would be troubled very long in this country with us. It does appear like we are getting burdensome. Boysen asked me how long I was going to stay around, and what would we Elders do if there were no Saints to stay with. I told him we could do as I did on the other Island. "Oh," he says, "That was poor." I told him the Lord would provide for us and where people wouldn't receive us we would leave in a hurry. He, Boysen, manifests a very wicked, greedy spirit, in fact, the spirit of the damned. Well, I hope he will do better and cultivate a spirit of humility.

On my arrival here as usual, I received a hearty welcome from Brother James Burnett's family.

Sunday, January 21. Elder Thomas Steed and I walked to Rangiora and back. We had a good meeting there for the Saints were glad to see us. We had a quite a long chat about the mission and its condition. I told him I earnestly prayed that the Lord would direct and control the affairs of the mission, and if the time was near at hand for us to seal up the law, and bind up the testimony I desired as far as I was concerned, to do it with clean hands and a pure heart.

We didn't have any evening meeting. I am sorry to say there is no order in this branch of the Church in regard to holding meeting which causes a luke warmness, hard to describe, and if they don't have a change here soon the Saints will die out. Oh! what a hard job it is to get the Saints to believe the word of God, and put into practice his commandments.

Sunday, January 28 at Kaiapai. Last Tuesday the 23rd, elder McLochlan received a letter from Elder Isaac Groo stating in brief that we were all released to return home to Zion as soon as we could raise the means to pay our passage. The news filled me with joy and sorrow. Joy to have the privilege of returning home and once more enjoy the society of the Saints of God. And sorrow when I come to realize the awful condition of the inhabitants of these colonies, for they have rejected the testimony of the servants of the Lord, who have labored faithfully to warn them for the space of fifteen months in public and in private. And wherever we have labored we have met with bitter and untiring opposition from the pulpits and the press, in fact, from every quarter. The people are so deeply rooted and blinded and corrupted by the many isms of the day falsely called Christianity that it appears impossible to get them to see the truth as a general thing. I dare not scarcely take stock of the few who have come out and listened to our testimony. I have reference to those called Saints in the colonies with a few honorable exceptions, and they are few indeed. I have been led to marvel many times at the extreme dullness of

some, and utter ignorance in regard to the simplest principles of the Gospel, and yet they are so wise in their own estimations, they know more than we, the Elders, can tell them, proving to my mind the necessity of cultivating a meek and humble spirit which will place us in a position to learn the glorious principles of humility and obedience. Through them, and only through them, will we gain everlasting life, or lives in the kingdom of God.

I worked all the week staining and papering two rooms for Brother James Burnett.

Sunday, January 28th at Kaiapai. Brother James Burnett hired a trap for 5 shillings, and Brother Brant accompanied us to Rangiora (Elder Steed and I). We had a pretty good meeting. I was astonished to see Elder James Burnett take the lead and open with prayer and make the opening remarks, and then said, "I shall call Elder F. W. Hurst to preach." I calculated to tell him a little about the order of the Priesthood, but when I got on my feet my mind was led (as there were several strangers present) to speak with considerable freedom on the first principles of the Gospel. I was followed spiritedly by Elder Steed.

After the close of the meeting we had a long chat while Brother Steed was outside talking to the strangers, he having got acquainted with them in his travels around these parts.

While chatting with the Saints Brother J. Burnett began ascribing to himself all the honor and glory in relation to the Gospel being preached in Rangiora, Papanui, etc. Says he, "I counseled Brother Steed to come up here and preach," etc., etc., with as much assurance as though he were running the mission and that he was at the top of the heap. I felt like taking him down a notch or two when we were suddenly called into the other room to eat, Brother Steed and I.

However, I talked pretty plain on our way home, but I am sorry to say he manifest a very stubborn spirit. The trouble of it is he can't be taught, his mind is apparently so full of false traditions and ideas there is no room to contain the truth. I told him plainly all the false sectarian notions and ideas had to be rooted out, even if it did hurt, or they would choke the word of God.

He says he wants to get the spirit of gathering more than he ever has done yet, and says he, "I know and I have faith to believe if I don't gather, the Lord can save me and my family."

I told him he could claim no promise, but would be numbered with the disobedient, so much so as those who rejected the testimony of Noah and all the prophets of whom Jesus was the greatest. I earnestly pray that the Lord will open his eyes for both he and his wife have been very kind to the Elders, Sister Fannie in particular.

Please the Lord, I calculate to leave him or any body else without excuse. I feel it my bonded duty to tell the truth at all times, and under all circumstances, whether it be palatable or not, but I desire to be dictated to by the Holy Ghost all the time.

Although we returned early and fully calculated to have a meeting, Brother James was too tired and too sleepy, etc. And that is the way it goes. Nothing makes the mind grow barren or cold sooner than neglecting our duties. It is impossible to be otherwise.

We did not receive our mail until Friday evening.

February 2nd. I received a letter from my wife and Brother E. M. Curtis. Thanks to the Lord, my family are all well, say they had a dull Christmas. Winter was setting in. They were having plenty of snow.

Brother Curtis gave an interesting account of a Christmas Tree they had with the first ward Sunday School at Logan. What a happy time they had.

Sunday, February 4th. We were all calculating to go to Papanui and hold a farewell meeting as Elder McLochlan and Elder Steed reckon to start next Thursday for Utah, the Lord willing. It rained very heavy all day Saturday and Sunday and the floods were up so that the roads were impassable and dangerous. It washed away part of the railroad between here and Papanui. I thought some of walking on foot and alone but it was too dangerous.

Monday the cars could not run nearer than three or four miles from here. Brother Steed returned in the morning and Brother McLochlan and C. C. Hurst in the evening although it was raining heavy and had done most of the day.

I was told that Brother Walker was at the meeting and that my Brother Charley was left in charge of the mission, and that I did not learn until we were retired to bed late Wednesday night. I asked Brother McLochlan what counsel he had to give relative to our labors in the future. He merely stated in reply that Charley was left in charge and had received the necessary instruction. He never made any explanation at all in their deliberations. I have been entirely ignored and left out in the cold and for what reason I cannot imagine.

Let not the reader think for one moment that I find fault in Charlie being placed over me for he is in every way worthy of the position. I have sustained Brother McLochlan with my faith and prayers and work all of the time. I have tried my utmost ever since I have been here on this mission to do as I had wished to be done by. I know that I am far from being perfect and do not feel to justify myself. I know there is a God in Heaven who knows our thoughts and the intent of our heart. Therefore, I asked my Brothers to have charity for me after being alone so long on the other Island. I expect I have acted foolishly and have given away to lightmindedness and joking too much for

which I feel to repent, and I have in all humility asked the Lord to show me my follies and weaknesses, and in His tender mercy to grant me wisdom and power to overcome, and if I have ever said or thought anything to hurt the feelings of my brethren I do not know it. I have not the slightest recollection of one instant so far as I am concerned.

When we parted with the brethren on Thursday morning at the station it was with the very best and kindly feelings on my part, and I heartily wish them a prosperous voyage and safe journey home. Ever since they have been gone I have felt like I have lost part of myself.

Saturday, February 10th. It has been trying to clear up today. The last few days I have helped Brother James Burnett at the coalyard, etc.

Sunday, February 11th, 1877. This was a lovely morning. I forgot to state that I wrote to my wife and Brother Curtis and sent the letters per favor of Brother McLochlan. I also gave him money to buy a sketch and send to my folks.

I enjoyed a pleasant walk of 8 or 9 miles to Rangiora. While on my journey many pleasing and happy thoughts passed through my mind, I was truly happy and felt to humble myself before the Lord. I felt like both my labors and myself are accepted and that I was surrounded with good and holy influences. My soul was full of joy unspeakable for which I thanked the Lord. Oh, what a joy and satisfaction to know we are in possession of the words of eternal life. Alas, how few there are who enjoy this inestimable blessing, especially on this dark and benighted land.

At half past two p.m. we held meeting in Rangiora at Mr. Miles's house. As usual there were a few strangers present. We had a good time. I spoke very freely on the divine mission of Joseph Smith, coming forth of the Book of Mormon, etc. After the meeting quite a number of questions were asked concerning original sin, the atonement through the precious blood of Jesus Christ. All regretted the absence of Elder Steed. I should have stated that Elder James Burnett Jr. spoke a short time and bore a true an faithful testimony to the truth of this latter day work.

A Miss Agnes Doak expressed a desire to be baptized, saying she would have been down to Kaiapai for that purpose before Elder Steed left but the continuous rains prevented her. We arranged for me to go to the Ashley and stay with Brother and Sister Stevensen all night, find a suitable place and baptize her on Monday afternoon. Sister Norfolk and James Burnett, Jr. also promised to be over.

I spent a very agreeable evening until after 11:00 conversing on the Gospel of Jesus Christ.

Next morning, after a sound and refreshing sleep, I arose at six o'clock, went down to the river and was extremely fortunate to find a suitable place for baptizing. It was truly a lovely morning but the dew was very heavy and I got very wet feet walking through the grass.

About half past one p.m. Sister Norfolk and children, a little boy and two girls, and Miss Agnes Doak arrived by train and a few minutes after Brother James Burnett, Jr. arrived. A good spirit prevailed and we were all exceedingly happy in getting together.

Sister Norfolk said she had brought her little boy along to get baptized, he being nine years of age. At 3:00 p.m. we all repaired to the water, about half a mile to the back of the house. Sang a hymn, "Jesus, Mighty King Of Zion, Thou Alone Our Guide Shall Be." I then offered up a prayer, we all kneeling on the grass. I then took Miss Agnes Doak down into the water and baptized her, after which I baptized William Thomas Norfolk.

After changing our clothes we returned to the house and Brother James Burnett, Jr. and I laid our hands upon them and confirmed them members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.

Brother Stevensen and family were so loathe to part with us and kept begging us to stay just a little longer till it got to be nearly sundown before we started. They would not let us go till after tea.

Sister Stevensen and Mary, their little daughter, accompanied us as far as the bridge across the Ashley River. This is a railroad and not a foot bridge and is 3/4 of a mile long. When we got to Rangiora we parted company with Sister Norfolk and children who were at high glee at their day out, and Sister Doak, as she lives at Farnside, near Rangiora. She was born in Ireland, County Down, November 25, 1851. Her father's name is Job, and her mother's Ellen Doak, all of Ireland.

William Thomas Norfolk was born in Rangiora, September 24, 1867. His father, William Norfolk, was drowned when attempting to cross the Waiwaimakanui River about six years ago. Left a wife and six children to mourn his loss.

It was dark before we got to Southbrook. Brother James felt well and came quite a piece down the road past his house, he hating to part with me. When Sister Norfolk bade me goodbye she gave me half a crown piece.

I had a pleasant walk to Kaiapai about 10 o'clock p.m. All were gone to bed except Brother James's son who gave me a kindly welcome. I should have stated that on Sunday morning just as I was starting to Rangiora, Brother James Burnett gave me 5 shillings. By some means or other I have caught a severe cold or sore throat. I should not have returned only Brother James Burnett, Jr. had borrowed 15 pounds to pay Elder McLochlan.

Thursday and Friday, February 15 and 16. Cleaned and stained two ceilings for Brother Thomas Foulkes.

Saturday the 17th took the 9:00 a.m. train to Styps and then walked to Papanui where I found Charlie well. Sister Mortensen had a little daughter a few days previous. The Saints were all glad to see me except Brother Boysen, and he was as _____ usual. I did not see Sister Boysen as she was out nursing.

Charley went to Rangiora and the Ashley on the 4 o'clock p.m. train. I walked down to Christchurch. I bought a Christmas number of the illustrated London News with Suppliment to take home, also a pair of pillows to take to __________ (?). Also arranged to get my picture (Maori Girl) framed. It will cost 12/6 Gilt.

Sunday , February 18th. There seemed to be a kind of bad influence over at Brother Boysen's. I felt like holding meetings at Brother Mortensen's house, and also on account of Sister Mortensen not being able to be up. Brother Nordstrand and I went over to have a chat with the Boysens. He acted very unsociable and we did not stay long.

We had a good meeting. Old Brother and Sister Foulkes and James Burnett came over from Kaiapai, Brother and Sister Walker and Sister Preble. John and Agnes Walker and Fannie came over from Prebleton. We had a good time, all felt well with one exception (Boysen).

I felt all the time like some terrible calamity is about to overtake the inhabitants of these colonies and I would like to see the Saints gather up as soon as possible.

After meeting I accompanied the Walkers home. Spent an agreeable evening. Next morning Sister Walker and Agnes drove me to Christchurch where I found Brother Foulkes waiting for me on the square according to previous arrangements. I went to a store with him to buy paints, oils, and varnishes, etc., for his house.

Sunday, 25th 1877. Worked nearly all the week at Brother Foulkes. Painted or rather varnished and papered two rooms.

On Friday, February 23rd I accompanied Charley to Christchurch. He kindly loaned me money to buy a suit of colonial cloth for everyday wear (it cost 3-4/6) when not at work, for all my clothes were too shabby except my black suit which is only suitable for Sundays.

I should have stated we held meeting. We held meeting Thursday evening at Brother George Brant's house. Brother J. Burnett took charge of the meeting. He occupied a short time stating he felt well and bore his testimony and said he would like all present to speak their feelings. He then called on President C. C. Hurst, who spoke in a spirited manner telling the Saints they were sleepy and needed to be woke up and be more alive to their duties. Exhorted Brother Burnett to be more punctual in holding meetings and have some system of order. If they would do this they would enjoy more of

the inspiration of the Holy Spirit. Also told the Saints President McLochlan had counseled them to pay tithing but they had neglected to do so. He also very earnestly exhorted the Saints to gather up as soon as they had the means, counseled them to be faithful and obey all of the Commandments of the Lord.

I am sorry to say Brother James Burnett arose and manifest a wicked and rebellious spirit and replied to Charley and flatly contradicted some of his statements, said they had enjoyed the gift of healing, etc. Being called on I arose and spoke earnestly on the necessity of gathering up to Zion, exhorted the Saints to resist the evils with which they are surrounded daily and hourly, and to prove pure and holy and not forget their prayers.

Brother Burnett said in reply that when the Lord told him to gather up he would do so. Says he, "I have money sufficient to gather up now but feel like I have a call here in this land to preach the Gospel to this people."

I told him the Lord had been telling them for some time past to gather up.

He said he could not see it, but if the Lord would make it manifest some other way he would sell out directly.

I promised him he certainly would see the time, but if he was not careful he would be like the people who were shut out of the Ark. Charley also told him now was the time.

Sometimes I wonder if he (Brother Burnett) has committed some great sin for it is unaccountable to me to see a man manifest the spirit that he does. He seems to have no idea of humility and obedience.

Next morning he had a long chat with Charley down in the garden and said he felt sorry for what he had said, and told Charley that he wanted him to write down all he wanted him to do and he would do it, but Charley told him there was more written down now than he could carry out.

February 25th. Held meeting at Kaiapai at 10:30 a.m. after which Brother Foulkes offered to take us in his trap to Rangiora. We were calculating to walk. Brother James and John Burnett and myself had a pleasant ride. Called at Brother James Burnett Jr.'s at Southbrook and he went along with us. He informed us that his wife was confined last Wednesday and of the new arrival of a son.

We had a real good time in meeting for a good spirit of freedom prevailed. Very few strangers present. Brother James Burnett, Sr. and Jr. spoke well and felt well. I don't know when I felt better.

We were all invited out in the orchard to eat fruit. I arose to go with the Brothers and Sisters but felt impressed to stay and have a chat with old Mrs. Miles. She was glad of the chance, she being such a confirmed invalid. She is, and has been, entirely unable to get about for some time. 20 years she has been waiting for her husband to make up his mind to get baptized, but the old gentleman can't make up his mind. She told me she would not wait any longer and we had just got it arranged to baptize her in Kaiapai River, branch of Waiwaimakanui, when Brother James Burnett came in and said he would make a font at the back of his house and he invited all present to come to Kaiapai next Thursday and have a good day together as two others also wanted to be baptized. After eating a little refreshment we returned to Kaiapai, spent the rest of the evening singing.

Monday and Tuesday, February 26 and 27th. I was painting at Brother Foulkes.

Wednesday, February 28. Brother James and I dug a large square hole and fixed a very large case of drygoods box in and made it water tight by pounding clay all around the sides and ends.

Thursday, March 1st, 1877. I baptized Anne Stephens Miles, born Bradley, England, about 1811. Confirmed by C. C. Hurst. Also Mary Stephenson, February 20, 1869 in Dunedin, Otego, New Zealand, confirmed by C. C. Hurst. Also Jane Ann Burnett in Kaiapai, Canterbury, New Zealand, July 21, 1867, confirmed by F. W. Hurst.

Sister Norfolk and Stephenson, and Brother and Sister Foulkes also came and spent the day.

Sister Miles has been an invalid for 20 years, had lost the use of her legs, feet and hands with Rheumatism, also her sight, but felt better directly she came out of the water, and when they were going to leave said she could just as well walk to the station as ride. She appeared to have great faith.

We had a very pleasant day singing and conversing on the principles of the Gospel, and had a good meeting in the evening.

Friday. I painted all day at Brother Foulkes home.

Saturday, March 3rd. Brother Charles, James Burnett and I took the 8:00 a.m. train to Oxford. We passed Southbrook, through Rangiora, Fernside, Moraki, East Carlston, and finally reached Oxford about 11:00 a.m. Our road lay stretched across what is called the plains as far as the eye could reach to the left, but bounded by thickly timbered hills to the right. Oxford is very much scattered on the open plains East and West close to the thickly timbered hills, but the scenery is very poor. We put up at the Good temples Hotel and hired the town hall.

The man in charge was very courteous and obliging, let us have it for 10/s. Fifteen was the regular price. We tried to get the Odd Fellows Hall, a little poking place. It was engaged for the afternoon and they wanted 10 for the use of it in the evening which we declined. We put up notices of two meetings respectively at 2:30 p.m. and 6:30 p.m.

After dinner we went up in the Bush to hunt ferns and mosses. The mosses were really beautiful but the variety of ferns very poor. On our way back we called to get a few peaches at a place near the Bush. Preached a little to the lady who appeared a little interested at first, but could not see how the people could receive the Holy Ghost by the laying on of hands and left in disgust.

At night it rained heavily. Sunday it was bright and clear. Took a walk after breakfast. Called at a house on the hill close to the Bush to see a Danish man and family that Brother James Burnett had loaned a book to. We had a drink of milk but they did not ask us to sit down and felt glad to see us go.

Our afternoon meeting was not very largely attended. I spoke first for about 20 minutes, followed by Brother Burnett who got along very well until he began to talk about temples and other principles he did not understand. Charley made a few closing remarks after which Brother Burnett and I went to see a Mr. Gibbs and family he was acquainted with; but she was an out and out Irish woman, a regular spitfire, and just waded in on polygamy.

Gibbs was a Welshman. He was tolerably quiet, but his wife is a terror. She said she hoped we hadn't come there with the idea of converting her and her husband as it would be useless of us to try. As soon as I could get in a word edgewise I told her we were after the pure in heart. We did not want any other kind; that she was like hundreds of others in New Zealand that were not worthy of the Gospel and were not good enough to make Saints of. We were made welcome and stayed to tea with them but this woman's tongue went like a mill clapper all of the time. I bore a faithful testimony to them and then we had to hurry to be in time for meeting.

Charley was there and the people began to assemble and we had quite a large congregation of ladies as well as gentlemen. As a general thing in this country we have very few ladies come out to hear us. Charley delivered a powerful discourse on the subject, "Was the thief on the Cross Saved?" Some person threw a rock in and tried to disturb the meeting while some paid good attention, considering. I mad a few closing remarks and then Charley invited anybody that felt so disposed to assist in defraying the expenses of the Hall were welcome to do so. Not a soul responded as usual.

Before retiring for the night we settled up our bill for board and lodging, 6p for beds, 19/6 for 13 meals. All together our expense came to 2-7/8. This is rather dear preaching.

Just as we were leaving by the 7:00 a.m. train to return to Kaiapai our landlady said they had made a mistake, they forgot to charge for supper Saturday night; but as we did not have any that was soon settled. Brother James had paid 6 pence too much but she lacked the politeness to give it back. This last meanness let us out of Oxford.

It was a lovely morning and we had a pleasant ride to Kaiapai. Charley stayed in Rangiora till afternoon. I was anxious to answer the last letters from home which I received last Thursday. One from Brother Curtis, my wife and all of the children. I thank the Lord that they are all well and are eagerly looking forward to the time when we shall return, though they hadn't then heard of our release.

Thursday, March 8th, 1877. I worked Tuesday and Wednesday at Brother Foulkes painting. Today I stayed to finish my letters. I have written to all the children, my wife, and Brother Curtis. Also to Brother Steed. Friday worked and finished at Brother Foulkes.

Saturday, March 10th. Charley came up on the morning train. I went to Christchurch on the 2:00 train. Paid out some money for Brother James Burnett. He paid my fare and gave me two shillings and paid me ten shillings which I handed to Charley on what I owed him for my suit of clothes.

Stayed at Papanui all night. Spent the evening very agreeably talking with the Saints who were all glad to see me.

Sunday, March 11th, Brother Walker, Isabella, Mary and Agnes and Brother Henry Foster came to meeting. We had a real good time together and I returned with them to Prebleton. All were delighted to see me and we had a good time singing, etc.

Monday, Sister Walker and I went to Christchurch in the trap to buy paint, varnish, oil to paint the trap next day. I first mount crossbar to the tail band and put new trimming, etc. I spent the whole day patching.

Wednesday, March 14, 1877. Painted the trap and wheels. In the afternoon went to Prebleton with Brother Walker and Sister Walker and Ellen and Harry Foster where we met Mary Walker Buckridge according to previous arrangements and baptized Mary and Harry Foster close by the back of Sister Prebles house in a very nice grove of trees. We all enjoy a good portion of the spirit of the Lord. I never felt better since I have been in New Zealand than I did confirming and blessing Mary Walker, also Harry Foster. We had a real good enjoyable time. I felt like saying to Sister Mary, "Thy faith hath saved thee, depart in peace." Both went down into the water as humble as little children. I cannot describe my feelings. In counseling together Charlie and I thought it would be better for Brother Walker to baptize Mary, but they expressed an earnest desire for me to do it.

We returned to Brother Walker's in the evening where I stayed painting trap and enjoying myself until 3 o'clock p.m. Saturday March 17th, 1877 when I walked to Christchurch. Got caught in the rain without either overcoat or umbrella. Took the cars to Kaiapai. Sister Walker had just finished lining my vest pockets. All were glad to see me. The weather was real cold and wintry and it rained very heavy all night.

The Saints in Rangiora sent word they were coming down to meeting at this place (Kaiapai) but owing to the bad weather they did not come although it did clear off toward noon. We held meeting in the afternoon. The Saints felt well and we had a good meeting. Brother Foulkes spoke his feelings for the first time, interesting.

On Monday I returned to Brother Walker's where I arrived about five in the evening, just as heavy rain set in. They were all delighted, especially the children, at my return here. I found Charlie, he is suffering from a bad cold.

Thursday, March 22nd. Sisters Bella and Mary came to spend the day. The day set in raining good and earnest again, but we enjoyed ourselves in the house. I read the Appendix, Vision and several other interesting pieces out of the Doctrine and Covenants out loud, and we had music and singing and the children dancing a few times. In the evening we had blind man's buff and several games new to me.

Friday, March 23rd. Ellen and I accompanied Sister Ball to Prebleton. We had a good visit. She gave me some very fine specimens of transparent shells, amber color and white. We went ostensibly to get a horse and colt that had strayed away. The day was truly lovely. We got back just before sundown.

Saturday, Charlie and I accompanied by Sister Walker and Agnes in the trap (which they all express looks as good as new now it is fixed up, painted and varnished) drove to Christchurch where we left them and we then walked to Papanui, and I took the cars to Kaiapai.

Sunday, just as we were getting ready to go to Rangiora, here comes a whole load of Saints so we held morning meetings here at Kaiapai and then after a hasty lunch they returned and took another trap load from here to Rangiora and we did have a good meeting. All present, with one exception, appeared hungry for the truth. I felt free and occupied most of the time followed by Brother James Burnett. All felt to rejoice. Old Sister Miles could scarcely contain herself and preached loud and long, and so great was the manifestation of the Holy Spirit, her own daughter accused her of drinking wine or strong drink when at the same time they knew she used neither but lead a very temperate life, more especially since she has been baptized.

I stayed to tea and spent the evening reading passages out of the Bible pertaining to gathering. Sister Norfolk also stayed in the evening till a late hour, Monday I walked

to Ashley. Sister Norfolk accompanied me and stayed till evening, then she returned to Rangiora on the evening train. We spent a very agreeable evening studying the Bible, hunting up passages on the gathering in the last days till the clock struck 11:00.

Tuesday, March 27. I walked to Rangiora, then Sister Norfolk and I walked to Fernside to see Sister Agnes Doak's family. Soon after our arrival Mrs. Doak commenced asking questions about our people. I sat down and gave her a complete history from the time Brother Joseph the Prophet saw his first vision, followed along through their persecutions to Nauvoo; building temples and founding the most beautiful city in the West; the driving from that city across the river on the Ice in the most bitter and inclement season of the year out on the prairie amongst savage Indians. The call for the noble and the brave volunteers or the Mormon Battalion; the journey to the mountains, and the founding of Salt Lake City by President Brigham Young, not forgetting the martyrdom of the brothers Joseph and Hyrum Smith in Carthage Jail. The cricket and grasshopper war, the trial of our people with poverty and distress, the discovery of Gold in California by some of the Mormon Battalion; the immense travel across the plains; the prophecy of Brother Heber C. Kimball and its very remarkable fulfillment relative to goods being sold cheaper in Salt Lake City than in New York City. The big move South and the great army under General Johnston in 1857-58 and its glorious results to our people; how the Lord sanctified and controlled events to advance His kingdom and its interest. It all passed along like a beautiful panorama before my mind's eye. I felt humble and thanked the Lord for the testimony of His Holy Spirit. All present were deeply interested.

We took a walk in the garden and ate peaches and apples. While at tea Mr. Doak came in and he commenced asking questions on polygamy, Joseph Smith the Prophet, etc. I had quite a job to leave. As it was it was past 6:00.

They gave us a large box full of beautiful peaches, and Sister Agnes accompanied us over a mile on our journey back to Rangiora. We found Sister Miles very anxious for me to return as there was a lady there who had been waiting all the afternoon to talk with me about the Gospel. She had had a severe shock of fright and they had already spent [?] 130 on doctors, but in vain, even a Jalumie Battery had no effect on her in the least. I preached to her until after nine o'clock and I hope the future will prove good news. After she left, Mr. Ford and I had a long talk till a late hour.

Wednesday, March 28, 1877. After reading several chapters in the Bible to Sisters Miles and Norfolk and explaining them I walked over to the Ashley, rode all over what is called Grey Mountain down with Brother Stephenson.

Thursday I wrote to Mother, Mrs. Wiley, and Mr. Lewis Brown Jr., then took the noon train to Kaiapai. Saw Brother and Sister Burnett just starting to Christchurch. They told me they had sold out to a Mr. Benee (?) of Kaiapai.

I went down and changed my clothes and worked till 11 o'clock at night papering and screening a room for Brother George Brant.

Next day, Good Friday, Brother Boysen and wife came up and we all went to the Lea Beach. Had a good bath in the surf. Had a good time in general. We found some very pretty seaweed in great abundance. It was truly a lovely day.

Saturday, March 31, 1877. Wrote to Salina. I forgot to state we received a letter from our sister Amelia Goltz, Society Islands, written in a most abusive and rabid style.

Sister Miles gave me 4 shillings, and Sister Stephens 5 shillings. Brother James Burnett, Jr. spent Good Friday with us.

Wherever I have been this last week the Saints appear very anxious to gather up to Zion. The Lord has helped me in a remarkable manner. I have not lacked for the testimony of His Holy Spirit. I believe I have done more talking this last week on the principles of the Gospel than I have any week since I have been on this mission. May the Lord bless my feeble efforts to do good and comfort all who have entered into covenants with him, and reward all who have shown kindness to me.

I took the 2 o'clock p.m. train to Papanui where I was rejoiced to meet my brother Charlie. We had a good time for 2 or 3 hours. Administered to Sister Mortenson after which I went around and saw Charlie off on the cars for Kaiapai. Spent an agreeable evening with the Saints here. Rain set in in the evening.

Sunday, April 1, 1877. Cold wind from the South with heavy showers of rain. I spent the morning until after dinner at Brother Boysen's, lettering a board for them in these words: "This house and land for Sale".

Read the Journal of Discourses, etc. Brother Walker, Ellen and Elizabeth came to meeting. Sister Walker was very sick. All the Saints prayed for her. After real good meeting I accompanied them home. We experienced a very cold wind from the South. Found Sister Walker up and a great deal better. We had a very pleasant evening sing.

Saturday, April 7th at Kaiapai. I spent a very agreeable week at Brother Walker's. Been down to the Halswoll, round through Prebleton, did some drawing and painting for the girls. The week has passed like a very pleasant dream.

I met Charlie at Christchurch, he had seven letters for me;

from my wife, son Willie, Riego Hawkins, Miss M. Blair, E. M. Curtis,

Thomas R. Jackson, also one from my sister Salina stating her husband was dead.

He died on Sunday the 11th of March about 10:00 a.m. and I heartily wish I could think of some redeeming quality in his character as a tribute to his memory, but alas I cannot. My prayer is that my sister may embrace the Gospel for the love of the truth and gather up to Zion.

I heartily thank my God that my family are all well and in very high spirits. They have heard it rumored that we are released but could not find out for certain. They do not appear to have any idea that we know it long ago. My wife says the children were wild with delight. My dear little Lillie made herself sick with excitement.

Brother Curtis writes kindly ever giving a very interesting account of visiting the 5 Sunday Schools in Logan. Also an account of the dedication of the new tabernacle in Logan.

Willie also writes both interesting and affectionately, in fact all of the letters are full of love and respect, and kindly feelings.

I came to Christchurch with Sister Walker and Ellen but the day turned out dreadful stormy with a pouring rain from the South. Charlie and I went over to the Library and stayed till after 3:00 p.m. then walked to Papanui where I bade him farewell and took the cars for this place, Kaiapai. Brother J. Burnett and family had all been to town in the trap and of course all drenched with the rain. I had to change my clothes.

Sunday, April 8th. Storm and rain all day. Held meeting in the evening. I spoke freely on family government, prayer, etc., showing the necessity of order. Brother James Burnett feels better than I ever saw him.

Tuesday, April 10th. Just got ready to start for Rangiora when Sister Norfolk arrived, and at noon Sister Agnes Doak, to help Sister Burnett with her sewing. I stayed until Wednesday when Brother Foulkes lent Brother Burnett his trap and we went to Rangiora.

Saw James, Jr. at the flax mills where he is working. He had not sold out yet but is very anxious. Sister Miles was delighted to see me. She gave me a Pound note to help me get a few necessities. God bless her.

Spent the evening as usual reading the scriptures and explaining them till a late hour. Next morning I walked to the Ashley but Brother Stephansen's had moved but where was the question. Returned to Mrs. Miles and spent the evening talking on the Gospel to Mrs. Goldin and her daughter, Mrs. Dale. Was up till a very late hour talking to Mr. Ford and Mr. Dale. Their minds were so full of false ideas they could not see the truth.

Friday I walked back to Kaiapai. Sunday we held a District Meeting and had pretty good attendance. C. C. Hurst presided, prayer by Elder James Burnett. Elder C. C. Hurst made the opening remarks but owing to a severe cold on his lungs he gave way and called on F. W. Hurst who occupied one hour in a spirited and instructive manner, followed by Elder J. Burnett. Adjourned until half past two p.m. Singing, prayer by F. W. Hurst. Speakers were Elder John Walker, James Burnett, Jr., C. C Hurst and F. W. Hurst. I never saw a better spirit prevail since I have been in this mission. All the remarks were listened to with deep attention and interest.

In the evening we had a testimony meeting. I feel to thank the Lord for my mind appears to be fruitful and I certainly enjoy the Spirit of God in demonstration and power. I feel humble and ascribe to God the Glory and the thanks for all of His benefits.

Monday, April 16th. Charlie baptized Mrs. Golding and Mrs. Marian Dale. Mrs. Golding was born in Patta, Bolton, England in 1812, and Mrs. Dale, 29 May 1844 in Broosley, Shropshire, England.

In the afternoon Brother J. Burnett and I accompanied Brother And Sister Walker home where I spent another agreeable week till Saturday. (Sister Doak just gave me five shillings.)

I was sick for a few days and nothing could exceed their kindness and sympathy to me for which I feel like saying, "God Almighty bless them."

Sister Walker and Agnes brought me to town. I bought me a large trunk 7/6, and a pair of Elastic side boots for 22/8. Stayed at Papanui all night.

Although it was storming and raining showers Brother and Sister Walker and Agnes and Harry Foster came to meeting. I occupied near an hour instructing the Saints, followed by Brother Walker. Then nearly all of the Brothers and sisters bore testimony to the truth and experienced great sorrow at our near departure.

In the evening I baptized Miss Annie Christensen, an orphan girl living with Sister Mortensen. Annie was born in Salling, Denmark. They think in June, 1864. Her father's name is Christian Christensen and mother's Annie Christiansen. I also confirmed her in Sister Mortensen's house where the Saints had assembled to sing and chat, etch.

Monday, April 23, 1877. Took the cars to Kaiapai in hopes that the mail would arrive but it didn't. Spent the evening at Brother George Brant's. Read several discourses, sang, etc.

Tuesday, April 24th. Took the cars to Christchurch and according to previous arrangements met Sister Walker and Sister Preble and Sister Mary Buckridge. We all went to Port Lyttleton beach, about 2 miles, but it set in cold and threatened rain but we enjoyed ourselves pretty well. Returned early and Ellen and I went around among the shipping. This was her first trip to Port and had never seen a vessel before.

We all returned by train to Christchurch and then they returned home in the trap and I walked to Papanui.

Soon after I got there Charlie arrived with our mail, and such a mail I shall never forget. I received letters from my wife and sons Willie and Harris, and Brother Curtis. thank the Lord they are all well. They are all looking anxiously forward when we will return home to Zion.

I scarcely know how to describe my feelings when I read my letters. I was truly a baby so far as tears were concerned, and no wonder, for instead of brethren in Logan lending us the money to go home as we requested, they concluded it would be better for all to help so that we would have no debts to settle after we got home, and there is not one in a thousand who would have done as Brother E. M. Curtis did.

He got Brother Moses Thatcher to head the list which he did handsomely with $25.00. He does not state how much he did himself but states that in 2 hours he had collected $100.50; but it took three days traveling through the mud to get the balance. $300.00 in gold was finally raised by dint of his (Brother Curtis's) persistence and faith, and the unexampled liberality of our Brothers and Sisters in Logan. And then he says he actually tried to raise more, but time would not permit. I am glad he didn't for I have faith to believe we will have sufficient through the kindness of our Brethren and Sisters here in New Zealand.

When I thought of such kindness I felt very humble and asked myself the question, "Am I worthy of so much kindness and solicitude?" My wife says that dear little Reigo says he cannot wait but that she must let him come to San Francisco to meet me. Well, it looks now as though we will be going home soon at any rate, and I heartily thank the Lord and my Brothers and Sisters, and more especially Brother Curtis. May God Almighty bless him on every hand, and his family and all that pertains to him.

Wednesday, April 25. I took the cars for Rangiora. Stayed at Sister Miles. Sister Norfolk spent the evening. We sang hymns and talked about the Gospel until 11 o'clock p.m.

Next day, Thursday, I walked to Fernside to see Sister Agnes Doak and her folks. Had quite a long talk about Utah. I walked back and in the evening we had a good spirited meeting. Sisters Miles and Norfolk bore a splendid testimony after I got through speaking, but no one appeared anxious to go to bed as they said it was to be my last night there.

Next morning at breakfast Mrs. Miles gave me a half sovereign and 10/2 (10p). I bade them all a sorrowful farewell and took the cars for Kaiapai where I stayed till have past one p.m., then went on to Addington and from there on foot to Brother Walker's, where as usual I met with a cordial welcome. The weather is both cold and wet and very disagreeable. We had a good time singing, etc.

Saturday, April 28. I worked all day and until 11 o'clock at night trying to finish some flowers I was painting for the girls.

Sunday, April 29th. Rained in the morning. Several heavy showers but the folks, nothing daunted, got ready as follows: Brother and Sister Walker, John, Ellen and Agnes. John rode horseback and we rode in the trap. The weather cleared up for a while.

Soon after we arrived at Papanui, here came Sister Miles and soon after that Brother James Burnett and family. James Burnett Jr. and Charlie had commenced meeting. There were 2 baptized members present and seven or eight children. I might mention who were present of the Priesthood: 2 Seventies, 3 Elders, 1 Priest.

President C. C. Hurst made the opening remarks followed by F. W. Hurst on a variety of subjects pertaining to the duties of the Saints, after which we held a Priesthood meeting from half past 12 to half past 1:00 pm. In meeting again at half past 2:00 p.m. After the Sacrament was administered, Brother James Burnett Jr. was put in President of the New Zealand Conference, and Brother John Walker his first counselor. Brother James Burnett Sr. released from the presidency of the Kaiapai Branch to go to Zion. Brother Charlie gave them some excellent counsel relative to their duties. Elders Burnett Jr. and John Walker addressed the meeting, followed by F. W. Hurst, a good Spirit prevailed. The Saints felt to rejoice.

In the evening we had a general testimony meeting. One and all expressed their great sorrow for our near departure for Zion, many shed tears. All bore a good testimony or sang a hymn. We had a good time of rejoicing the whole day.

Brother Walker and family, and James Jr. stayed till after the evening meeting. If the Saints take heed to the counsel they have received they will do well, for I know they have been talked to by the Spirit and power of God, and so far as I am concerned I feel clean and grateful knowing that I have tried to do my duty.

Sister Boysen bought me a pair of blankets, made us each a pillow and put up two nice bottles of pickled onions. Sister Norfolk gave me 4/6 cash

Tuesday, May 1st. C. C. Hurst went to Kaiapai and Brother Nordstrand and Brother Mortensen helped me take our trunks round to the Papanui Station. Brother Nordstrand gave me five shillings. They bade me a sorrowful farewell. I took all our baggage down to the Christchurch station to have them in readiness to make our final

start after which I walked to Brother Walker's. They were all delighted to see me. Next day Mrs. Walker, Ellen, Elizabeth and the rest of the children and I rode in the trap to Prebleton and I baptized Elizabeth Walker, born at Halsawell. C. C. Hurst also came out. Had a good time at Sister Preble's.

Thursday, May 3rd. Ellen and I rode to town. Last Sunday, Brother John Walker gave me a one pound note, and I bought a flute 25p, and a precepto as well. We did a little marketing and then drove out Lincoln road as far as the Halsawell Road to Sister Mary's to bid her goodbye, and she gave me a shell box and a cup and saucer for C. C. Hurst.

Poor Mary, I felt sorry for her. God bless her. After a painful goodbye we returned up the Halsawell Road to Brother Walker's.

In the evening Sister Prebles, J. Burnett, Jr. and wife and two children, and Brother John Burnett came to stay all night as this was our last day here. We had a real jolly time in the evening until after one o'clock playing Blind Man's Buff, etc., etc., besides singing and dancing.

Next morning, May 4th. This has been the most sorrowful day I have experienced since I left home in Utah. Brother Walker left us in tears to go to his work. Then about half past 8 o'clock we had a real trying time to part with Ellen, Elizabeth, Fannie, Isaac, and Joseph, Sister Walker and Sister Preble and Agnes, James Burnett Jr. and wife. John accompanied us to Christchurch, the sisters all rode in the trap and we walked perhaps a couple of miles, then I got to drive. The other Brethren got a chance to ride in another trap. The horse got so lame he could scarcely walk.

Agnes had made us a sack of crackers but by some means or other in the hurry and bustle of starting they were left behind, much to Sister Walker's horror, however, Brother James Burnett Jr. gave me 5p to buy some more. Sister Walker and Sister Isabella brought some toys and beads for the children; oranges, apples, and a comforter, one white and 2 colored shirts. Sister Preble made two large plum cakes and gave me a china cup and saucer.

I sold Harry Foster a picture, The Mexican Girl, for three pounds and he by some misunderstanding sent me two pounds. I was sorry for I have barely enough money to take me to Utah. Charlie felt very bad about it, said he was real mean, but time will tell.

While in Christchurch Sister Mary came in to the couch [coach?] to see us off although she was crying bitterly. Sister Walker and Agnes accompanied us to Lyttleton and James Burnett and wife and five children who are going with us to Utah, and quite a number of their friends.

About one o'clock we reached the wharf where the steamer RATOANA lay. We secured our births, got our trunks, etc. on board and found we would not sail till 7:00 p.m. instead of 3:00 p.m. Shortly before 3 o'clock the folks bade us a truly heart rending sorrowful farewell. I really felt sorry for them. They all wanted to accompany us to Zion. I'll never forget parting with Sister Walker and Agnes, and Agnes Preese (Sister Fannie Burnett's sister). Take it all together it was the hardest parting I ever saw away from home. May God our Heavenly Father bless and comfort them and may they soon follow us to Zion.

After they were gone Brother John Burnett and I took a long walk round and up through town after which we felt better. Finally about 7 pm. we steamed out of the harbor and by 10:00 a.m. next day, Saturday, we arrived in Wellington.

We hurried up to see dear Mother (Charlie and I). Found her in bed, she being unwell. She knew me direct but as usual didn't know Charlie. Mr. Bowler had gone to England but had made arrangements to provide for Mother as long as she lived, for which we felt truly thankful. Clement gave Mother 10p in silver, and I gave Mrs. Diff a gold sovereign or one pound ($5) to get a few little notions for Mother. We knelt down by Mother's bedside and dedicated her to the Lord, after which we bade farewell perhaps for the last time in this world.

At one p.m. we started again. The sea was very rough and all our party except myself suffered with seasickness. I was blessed with a good appetite, and therefore was tolerably good.

Monday evening, May 7th, we arrived in Auckland. Landed next morning but the Steamer CITY OF SYDNEY did not arrive until Wednesday, May the 9th. We were glad to meet Elder E. Hoagland, Father Pegg, wife, stepson Willie, a young man about 18 or 20, two daughters, Lottie about 14 and one 5 years of age. Father Pegg is 82 years old. We found them quite an addition to our party. We were now 16 souls all together.

While in Auckland it rained and blew a hurricane most of the time. We took a trip to North Shore. We got caught in one of the heaviest showers of rain I ever experienced. On account of limited means we engaged passage in the steerage. We secured our berths, got mattresses, made up our beds. The families were allowed cabins 2nd class and we ate in the 2nd class salons. There are a great many passengers, both in steerage and cabins. This steamer is sister to the City of San Francisco, one of the largest ocean steamers, and splendidly fitted up. It was a little rough when we got outside and as a general thing (self excepted) all hands were seasick again.

Thursday, May 10th. 200 miles, head wind. May 11th 283 miles. Saturday 12th, 273 miles, gained a day. Sunday 13th, 239 miles. Monday 14th, 251 miles, sighted the Nauejatous Islands off starboard. Passed near them in the evening. Tuesday, May 15, 269 miles, calm weather. Wednesday 16, 260 miles. Thursday 17, 265 miles. Friday 18, 265 miles. Saturday 19, 267 miles. Sunday 20, 268 miles. Monday 21, 263 miles.

Willie Pegg fell off a rope on the back of his head. Dented his skull in. He went cold and stiff but Charlie and I kept administering to him before they could get the doctor and when he did come he gave him the best part of a tumbler of brandy which of course made him insensible drunk. I saw us with him till 3 o'clock, then Charlie took my place.

Tuesday 22, 271 miles. Willie Pegg is gaining fast much to the doctor's astonishment. We anointed his head and administered to him occasionally.

Wednesday 23, 212 miles. At daylight we were close to Honolulu and by 5 o'clock we were along side of the wharf. Although it was very early quite a number of Kanakas were on hand. Soon all was hurry and bustle. All kinds of fruit such as coconuts, bananas, etc. and late in the day oranges, limes and corals, shells, etc. The day was delightful.

About 9:00 a.m. Brother John Burnett and I walked up to the King's Springs, enjoyed a good wash and change. Only one Kanaka woman joined us in the bath much to Brother John's horror.

We got some fine watermelons. After dinner I took Willie Pegg up in the principal part of town. In the evening Brother John Burnett and I took a long walk through and around the suburbs.

The brass band came down to the wharf and serenaded us. The Choir also. All natives except the leader of the brass band who was a German. The King came on board and the Princess took passage to Frisco with us, that is in the cabins of course. We bought some beautiful specimens of Coral and shells very cheap of the natives.

At 10:00 at night we steamed out for Frisco, and by noon Thursday we had made 144 miles. Friday, May 25th, when we arose in the morning the steamer was lying listless in the water, and all of the machinery stopped. We had quite a scene and thought of our breakdown in the Colima, but nothing very serious happened. We were informed that one of the hands in the engine room had fallen asleep and had neglected to oil some parts of the machinery, and it had got overheated. However, we were rejoiced to see her under way again by noon. We had run 244 miles.

Saturday, May 26th, 269 miles. Father Pegg slipped on a hide (they had just been butchering) and unfortunately put his shoulder out. After a great deal of trouble the doctor set it in its place. Had to administer Chloroform. The old gentleman stands it pretty well and after he was bandaged up felt comfortable.

Sunday, May 27th, 276 miles. Quite cool. Passed a Barque or Ship with all sails set. A very pretty sight. Monday, May 28, 282 miles. Wind on beam. Tuesday, May 29, 298 miles. Wednesday 30th, 281 miles. Thursday, May 31, at 2:00 p.m. arrived at the wharf at San Francisco.

Brother Hoaglund and Burnett and I went up to the post office. I received a letter from my wife containing the news of the death of little May, my brother's little daughter aged 4 years. I also got a letter for Charlie from Brother Moses Thatcher. Brother Burnett took the letter down to the steamer while brother Hoaglund and I hunted up a Mr. Goodman at the corner of 10th and 4th street. We found him to be gentlemanly and courteous. He made a reduction on our tickets from $40 to $35. We thanked him for it made a difference of $56 in our little company. When we got back all but James Burnett started on the coach to the Golden Eagle Hotel. We found a man loading up our baggage. We took it to the baggage room on Market Street. The accommodations at the Hotel were very good and cheap. 25 per meal, the same for beds.

Next morning, June 1, 1877, we checked our baggage through Ogden, got our tickets and started around town. 4 o'clock p.m. took passage on the steamer Julia for Sacramento where we arrived at daylight. Saturday morning took breakfast at the Western Hotel. They took us all up in the coach. We had a very good breakfast.

They then hauled us and all of our things to the station for 25 each and one of the agents actually took the trouble to get us all seated together in the best car on the train.

We started about 9 o'clock a.m. Went out about 25 miles and then lay by about 5 or 6hours, we then proceeded as far as Colfax where we stayed all night on account, they said, of a tunnel having caved in near the summit. About noon on Sunday, June 3rd, we again started. Reached the Summit about 4 o'clock p.m. where we stayed until midnight and then we almost seemed to fly along. We went at such a headlong speed that soon after daylight we reached Truckee.

James Burnett delayed in getting his bread till the last minute and got left behind which caused quite an excitement in our little company. When we got to the next town there was a telegram to put Brother Burnett's family off the train. We left them looking disconsolate enough, however, they all caught us at midnight and we rejoiced to be together again.

At midnight Tuesday they hitched us onto the Express. We then rolled along pretty lively and soon after daylight reached Kelton and Oh what a joy to see the Salt Lake again. And when we began to leave Promontory behind how very natural the old mountains looked form Ogden toward Cache Valley, and then as we drew near the settlements began to come insight; Brigham City especially, Corrine looked dried up ready to blow away, but how nice our fields looked.

The scene was quite enchanting all the way to Ogden. Such a contrast too and far ahead of anything we had seen in California. We had barely time to change cars for Logan. Had the pleasure of seeing Brother Brigham Jr. at Ogden who gave us a real hearty welcome home. We had the pleasure of his company on the cars. We had no money to pay our fares but Brother William Hopkins said if anyone was mean enough to charge he would pay it before we got to Hamptone. Here we met several carloads of the Brethren and Sisters and Sunday School Children. I cannot express my feelings. I felt humble and thanked God.

Here was Brother E. M. Curtis, Paul Cardon, Joseph Goddard, and well so many I could not keep track, and so many of the children had grown out of all knowledge. I was rejoiced to meet Willie and Harris, Lucy and Lillie and Riego. Gracious how they had all grown. Riego didn't hardly know me and was very shy.

We had a sumptuous dinner at Hamptons, after which we proceeded to Logan where we arrived at about 3 o'clock p.m. We found quite a large assembly at the station to welcome us. I didn't really feel worthy of so much honor. Such a cordial shaking of hands.

I will never forget Brother L. Farr hauled us home in his wagon crowded to the guards. We were hailed coming along the streets, and had to jump out every once in a while to shake hands, finally we reached home. Found my dear wife tolerably well but looking very thin and careworn. The twins had grown remarkably and Leo, quite a while after I got home, kept saying, "Take me to my papa, take me to my papa, I tell oo."

The children were all delighted with the shells and corals that I brought along. Everything was new to them. besides images and animals carved out of wood, a box made of sandal wood and beautifully carved by Chinese, and then all my sketches, etc.

In the evening a very large company, over three hundred, came down with Brother William Knowles to serenade us. God bless them for their kindness. My wife says, "You must go out and invite them in." I told her our city lot would scarcely hold them. I made a few remarks to thank them, and felt to bless them in the name of the Lord Jesus.

Next day Charlie and I attended Fast Meeting. We each spoke for a short time, and on Sunday we had the pleasure of telling our experiences to a large congregation in the new tabernacle. I also addressed the Sunday School children in the morning. It does seem heavenly to me to hear our Sunday School Children sing.



In the fall and winter of 1892-3, I worked at painting in the Salt Lake Temple. Although sick, I felt strongly impressed to go and do my very best.

At noon the third day after beginning, President Woodruff called all of the workmen together. He said he had been told that some of the workmen had stated that it would be impossible to have the temple completed by April 6. He said when he looked at this body of men he didn't believe a word of it. Some of you may be sick and weak (I thought he was talking to me) he continues, some of you may be give out at night, but you will be here in the morning if you are faithful. You are not here by accident, you were ordained in the Eternal World to perform this work. Brethren, I will be here April 6th to dedicate this building. I know what I am talking about for this was shown me in a vision 50 years ago in the city of Boston.

At times during that winter I as so sick with vomiting I dare not ride on a street car. I had two miles to walk to my lodging at Creighton Hawkins' home, which was located in the first Ward. Often the Brethren would say to me: "You can't go to work tomorrow." I thought of President Woodruff's promise and didn't miss a day all winter, but was constant until the work was finished.

Along about the 1st of March, 1893, I found myself alone in the dining room, all had gone to bed. I was sitting at the table when to my great surprise my older Brother Alfred walked in and sat down opposite me at the table and smiled. I said to him (he looked so natural): "When did you arrive in Utah?"

He said: I have just come from the Spirit World, this is not my body that you see, it is lying in the tomb. I want to tell you that when you were on your mission you told me many things about the Gospel, and the hereafter, and about the Spirit World being as real and tangible as the earth. I could not believe you, but when I died and went there and saw for myself I realized that you had told the truth. I attended the Mormon meetings." He raised his hand and said with much warmth: "I believe in the Lord Jesus Christ with all my heart. I believe in faith, and repentance and baptism for the remission of sins, but that is as far as I can go. I look to you to do the work for me in the temple." He continued: "You can go to any kind of sectarian meeting in the Spirit World. All our kindred there knew when you were trying to make up your mind to come and work on the temple. You are watched closely, every move you make is know there, and we were glad you came. We are all looking to you as our head in this great work. I want to tell you that there are a great many spirits who weep and mourn because the have relatives in the Church here who are careless and are doing nothing for them."

Three different times during our conversation I leaned over the table towards him and said: "Alfred, you look, talk and act perfectly natural, it doesn't seem possible that you are dead." and every time he replied: "It is just my SPIRIT you see, my body is in the grave." There was a great deal more that he told me but these are the important items as I remember them. He arose and went out through the door that he had entered.

As I sat pondering upon what I had seen and heard, with my heart filled with thanks and gratitude to God, the door opened again and my brother Alexander walked in and sat down in the chair that Alfred had occupied. He had died in 1852 in New Zealand. I did the work for both he and Father in April 1885. He had come from a different Sphere, he looked more like an angel as his countenance was beautiful to look upon. With a very pleasant smile he said: "Fred, I have come to thank you for doing my work for me, but you did not go quite far enough," and he paused. Suddenly it was shown to me in large characters, "NO MAN WITHOUT THE WOMAN, AND NO WOMAN WITHOUT THE MAN IN THE LORD."

I looked at him and said: "I think I understand, you want some person sealed to you."

He said: "You are right, I don't need to interpret the scriptures to you, but until that work is done I cannot advance another step."
I replied that the Temple would be completed and dedicated in about four weeks, and then I would attend to it as quickly as possible.

"I know you will," he said, and then got up and left the room, leaving me full of joy, peace, and happiness beyond description.


* * * * *






I felt like I would like to leave the following facts on record. What I am about to relate transpired in New Zealand. I was about eight years of age and entirely alone, as all the folks were to meeting, and I was left to mind the house.

Being very fond of reading the Bible I took it on my lap and sat down in the center of the room, and I read the beginning of the 14th Chapter of Revelations. I was deeply interested in the one hundred and forty-four thousand men chosen for their virtue and purity, not being defiled with women, etc. They sang a new song, etc. In my childlike simplicity I fully believed every word of it. Also the Holy angel having the everlasting Gospel. I raised my eyes from the sacred book and exclaimed aloud: "Oh! I would like to be one of that glorious throng." To my utter and unspeakable astonishment

the Spirit and Glory of God filled the room where I was sitting and I distinctly heard a voice from Heaven saying: "You shall be one of that number if you will live a pure life." I was filled with joy that I cannot describe, and though a mere child I resolved to love God and keep His commandments, and to do all in my power, through the mercy and blessing of the lord, to be worthy of so great a blessing. I never told my parents but kept the circumstances locked up in my heart, but I have never forgotten it. It has been a beacon or guide to me through life.

I will now relate something very remarkable in connection with that most glorious promise to me. Please bear in mind, I had never told a single soul of this heavenly manifestation to me. I attended the conference of this Church in San Francisco, April 6, 1857. Being set apart with some other young Elders, President George Q. Cannon was mouth, I was very much astonished to hear him say: "Brother Fred, the Lord called you when you were a child, and you received a promise that you should be one of the one hundred and forty-four thousand that should stand upon Mt. Zion and sing a new song, and now by virtue and authority of the Holy Priesthood, I seal and confirm that promise on your head. Oh! how vividly everything was brought to my mind. I felt like it would be impossible for me to thank the Lord enough for all of His blessings to me. Hunger, thirst, hardship of any kind, even my life if necessary for the Gospel's sake should not be withheld, and then how could that compare with such a great promise. Not a drop in the bucket compared with the vast ocean.

Still farther I had a dream in 1875 as follows: I found myself in front of one of the grandest buildings I had ever seen. The front was open to quite an extent, supported on immense columns or pillars, and about twelve steps to ascend to the open court. Altogether the building was magnificent and glorious.

I saw two persons standing by a desk upon which lay an open book they were looking at. As I raised my right foot to ascend the steps the thought occurred to me, "Am I worthy to enter such a glorious and beautiful place"; upon which they both looked at me (they were both tall fine looking men). One of them (Brother Parley P. Pratt) ran down the steps, took me by the right hand and led me up to the desk, then took me by the shoulders with both his hands, immediately facing the book. The other person still stood with the forefinger of his right hand nearly half way down the column of names, pointing to my name in full, FREDERICK WILLIAM HURST. Brother Pratt said: "Brother Hurst, we were looking over the list of the one hundred and forty-four thousand and had just got to your name when we saw you." I was so full of joy I was moved to tears. They talked to me for a short time, but what passed between us passed from me.

There was one of the Brethren that I was well acquainted with came out of the building. We ran up to each other and embraced, throwing our arms around each other's necks, filled with a joy more than I can tell. He said: "Do you know these brethren you have been talking with?"

I replied: "I judge one to be Brother Pa P. Pratt.

He said: "Yes, and the other is John the Revelator". I then awoke.


* * * * *


In the Spring of 1859 my wife and I lived in the 13th Ward in Salt Lake City. We were entirely out of firewood. Not having a team I borrowed a handcart and went up to the mouth of Red Butte Canyon. The snow was over a foot deep with a hard crust, consequently I had a hard pull to get there. I succeeded in getting a good load. I had to wallow in snow waist deep to get it. I had broken road in the deep snow till I was very wet. The sun was getting very low when I started for home. The cold was so intense that my pants froze stiff on me. It was very hard and laborious to pull the handcart through the crusted snow. I pulled and struggled for hours. Fortunately the moon was at the full. As near as I can judge it must have been near ten at night when I got down off the bench near the cemetery.

I was so very much exhausted and give out that I dropped the shafts nearer dead than alive, and leaned back on the load. I soon fell into a deep sleep from which I was awakened by an unseen messenger from the other world. I was grasped by the shoulders from behind and it took a great deal of powerful shaking to awaken me. There was a cloudless sky, and the moon shone bright and clear. I could se quite a distance in every direction. At first I thought my brother-in-law, Creighton Hawkins, had come to hunt for me. I looked around the load but nobody was there. I started again with my load but that was the last that I could remember.

When I came to my senses again I found myself inside a small one room house in a chair by a warm fire in a fireplace, no stove. A woman was on one side of me pouring hot soup down my throat, and a man on the other side. They told me that about 11 o'clock the good lady heard a noise outside like a drunk man falling down near the door. Her husband said: "Oh! you are always imagining some unreasonable thing or other." However she opened the door and there they found me insensible and perfectly helpless, and to all appearances dead. I told them that I had been after wood and maybe it was not far off. He went out and found the load a good quarter of a mile East of the house. I came nearly freezing to death twice in one night.

Surely the kind and protecting care of the Almighty was over and round about me in a wonderful manner. I do with heartfelt soul thank the Lord my God.

April 20, 1864. Well, well, here I am alone keeping batch, and I feel very low in spirits, in fact I do not feel well. I cannot work with any spirit although I have got plenty to do, and I might say nothing to do with. One ox dead, consequently no team to plough with, and here it is time that both corn and sugar cane were being planted. Now isn't that too bad for a young and inexperience farmer like me. And now that I have commenced suppose I tell a few more of my troubles. Here we have had a sick cow for five long weeks nursing and doctoring. Had to call in the neighbors twice a day to help get her up.

Suppose I was to keep on, eventually both paper and pencil would fail and then what a fool I would be. Don't the wise man say, "Keep thy sorrows and thy troubles to thyself." Why not be a man and shake off the feeling. Let us suppose the consequences by and by if I do not. Aurelia and the two darling boys will soon come home. She will probably feel dull on account of her mother's contemplated departure to England on a visit. The children will be tired and hot, and if I meet them with a long paper face, without a smile, there won't be much sunshine will there.

Now I don't calculate to feel dull any longer. I shall and must go to work. Now I think of it I must fix up that Lucerne patch, but before I go let me just say goodbye Ma, may you be blessed with a prosperous trip to and back from England, and may we all prosper and have plenty of good things for you when you return. These are a few of the wishes of Old Sobersides.


* * * * *


May 1st, 1864 (Sunday). Ma started for England yesterday with the missionaries by mule team. We all feel very lonely and dull. Willie is in such a way. He ants to know if he can go and spend Sunday with his little cousin Joe. The day is hot and dry It is now upwards of four weeks since we have had any rain and the crops are in great need of water.


* * * * *


19 September 1864. Monday morning. Will you believe it, we had a little daughter come to town about quarter to one this morning. Born before I could get back with the midwife. It looks the tiniest little thing. As fat as a little pig. Aurelia is doing well. Had quite a job getting a nurse. Old Sister Davis is staying until we can get somebody else. The boys, Willie and Harris are not a bit jealous, but are very proud of their little sister. Lucy Hurst Bennett's birth.


* * * * *


October 11, 1864. Here we are. Poor little Harris is sick, and the baby colicky, and we are all lonesome together. I have to leave every night working at the T. O. Yards Molasses Mill. There has been very little sleep for poor me these days, but then we must cheer up. Aurelia is weak yet and we have no nurse now, and it is very hard on her having everything to see to, and what makes it worse I have to be away so much. Better times ahead. I have no doubt that things will work out alright if we will continue to do right.



Sometime in the year 1873, I had the following dream: I found myself standing East of where the Logan Temple now stands. I was very much astonished to see the foundation of a large building completed to the water table. I thought to myself is it possible that I live in Logan and did not know of such a great work as this going on? A personage appeared to me and said aloud: "You marvel at this."

I replied: "Yes, Sir, I really do."

He answered in a mild sweet voice: "What you see here is the foundation of a temple which will be built right here on this spot of ground in a short time from now, and it will be built by the free will offerings of the Saints, and they will be far better off when it is completed than they are now, and will be a great blessing, both temporal and spiritual."

In the year 1878 I saw the foundation exactly as I saw it in my dream five years previous.


* * * * *





The first Sunday School in Cache Stake was organized in Logan City in the "Old Hall", the second Sunday in May, 1866.

Elder William H. Shearman was the first Superintendent. F. W. Hurst took an active part in the organization.

Later E. M. Curtis was put in Superintendent until he went to Malad. Then Elder Thomas Stewart took charge for a short time. After he left to work on the railroad, Frederick Wm. Hurst was put in charge and labored until the fall of 1875 when he took a mission to New Zealand.

Elder Frederick Wm. Hurst was again chosen and set apart as Stake Superintendent at the Fall conference of October, 1881. His counselors were Charles W. Nibley and Fred Turner.

Frederick Wm. Hurst also filled at least two stake missions in Cache Stake. The summary of his labors in the mission from January 12, 1879 to February 1, 1880 is as follows:


Families Meetings Administered

Place Visited Attended to sick

Richmond 49 7 2

Lewiston 80 6 2

Smithfield 80 9 3

Hyde Park 88 5 0

Hyrum 79 9 6


Total 376 36 13


He reports as follows on his mission from December 15, 1893 to March 15, 1894: Have visited 473 families, attended 49 meetings, administered to 21 persons.


* * * * *




[by Samuel H. and Ida Hurst]


During the years that the diary of Frederick William Hurst, my grandfather, has been in my possession I have felt a responsibility for its safekeeping very keenly. I knew it belonged to his family, not to me alone, but still it must be preserved. When parts of it were in the hands of others I worried about it, for my experience in loaning books had taught me that many are lost. At times I have not granted a request to take either part or all of it from me for fear of losing it.

Now the Diary is in a shape to be turned over to the family as a possession of anyone who desires it. This is a great relief to me, though it has taken much patience, and tedious work to put it into its present form. Most of his writing is over one hundred years old, and was written in a style that is not common today. Naturally, age has left its effect upon it until in a few places it could not be read, therefore, a few lines have been left out. As is mentioned in the diary that is now ready, pages are missing from the original writings. It is quite probable that names of people and places, at times, are not properly written because of not being able to distinguish the letters properly. It is hoped that these things will be overlooked, but that the spirit and the message that runs through its pages have been preserved.

Appreciation is here expressed for encouragements that have been given, both by members of this man's family, and others that are interested in keeping pioneer stories alive by a recording of them. It is largely a result of such encouragement coming from Dr. A. Russell Mortensen, head of the Utah State Historical Society, that this work has been produced in its present form. After studying the diary for some ten days he urged very strongly that it be put out for the family because of its value to them. He also recommended mimeograph work because of its being so much less expensive than any other method, thus putting it in a price range where more members of the family could afford a copy of it.

Without the help and patience of my wife Ida I should have failed long ago. In fact she is the one who deserves most of the credit for this work. She has spent hours with a magnifying glass and her typewriter on some pages to be sure to get the proper message recorded.

Mrs. Joyce Palmer is deserving of much credit in this production also. It is to her that we are indebted for the stencil and mimeograph work. She has been most conscientious and painstaking in the service she has given. Because of difficulties encountered in typing the manuscript from the original writing it was not easy to get punctuations and paragraphing correctly done, in fact, some of the paragraphing in the manuscript was almost completely overlooked. Because of Mrs. Palmer's interest and efficient work this has been much improved and for this we are deeply appreciative, and desire that she be numbered with those contributing to this work.

The diary is as it was written by its author. There are places where he is rather outspoken regarding people and practice. These have not been left out or modified, for these statements express his personality as much as any other expressions, and if full credit is given to circumstances prevailing it will be understandable why frankness of expression was used even though it may not have been the wisest course to follow.

He has left us several sketches or drawings, some of which are here presented. Seal Rock at the mouth of Golden gate Harbor; the ship in which he sailed to New Zealand in 1875, the Colima; a drawing of the house built upon the ground that he helped to clear of brush and trees as a boy up near the cemetery should be of interest to all. The unidentified lady, the Thames River at Auckland, and some other sketches were given dates of drawing that fit in nicely with efforts made by friends to have some of his works auctioned off to help with his natural expenses. feeling that these may very well have been the pencil drafts of these paintings they have been placed in the diary with the thought that they may make his problems in the mission field just a little more real to his family who live in comparative ease today.

It is hoped that both interest and inspiration to carry on in the work that meant so much to this man will be transferred from him to his numerous posterity in the experiences here enumerated by him. His testimony is recorded in writing time and time again in these pages. It would seem though that the most convincing one is the fact that he is undaunted in leaving home and loved ones as a witness to the sincerity of his convictions. His love of home and loved ones is expressed beautifully in his letters to them. If one bothers to check airline distances from charts now available it will be discovered that he traveled the equivalent of once around the world to get to Zion, and to carry the message that brought so much joy to him to others that they might have their lives enriched by it.

If this message can be carried to, and touch the hearts of his descendants then Ida and I shall feel amply rewarded for the worry and work we have put into it. The Lord grant that this might be done.


Samuel H. Hurst

June 26, 1961


NOTES [Added by Samuel and Ida Hurst: ]


From reliable sources it is evident that because of modesty or other feelings of his, certain things that contribute much to illustrate his character and faith have not been recorded by him.

Following the abandonment of the ship at Honolulu, he speaks of confusion among the Saints. This is very natural for there were those among them, and perhaps most of them, who had given all they had for passage to Utah. Now they were stranded in route, which would add materially to their expense. According to stories told by him to a number of persons now living, the able bodies were asked to give what they had in order to help the aged and the women and children, and then seek employment to satisfy their needs. This was done by the subject of this diary so far as cash was concerned.

He seemed to have been fairly successful in the mines in Australia considering the amount of time he had given to missionary service there. At Honolulu, after giving his money his conscience was not at ease, for he had considerable gold from the mines sewed up in his clothing. He valued this at about one thousand dollars. It as not long after giving his money for this cause that he returned to those in authority and turned over those gold nuggets also that it may help to avoid suffering of the innocent. I think he would not object to this being added to his writings.


* * * * *


Regarding conditions at Pony Express Stations, Sister Kate B. Carter makes this comment: "Each station had its overseer, Stock tenders, and blacksmith shop for shoeing the horses. Extra Ponies were always kept in readiness ... Since they were targets of Indian attacks they were built as indestructible as possible with the limited material available, such as rocks, adobe, or logs. In spite of all precautions many were burned to the ground during Indian uprisings. The men chosen to man these stations were exceedingly courageous and possessed the ability to think and act quickly, since their job was perhaps the most dangerous on the route. More stationmen were killed than riders during the months of the Pony Express operation."

Of Ruby Valley Station she says: "Frederick William Hurst was the keeper of the station at Ruby Valley, about 375 miles west of Salt Lake City.... After filling a mission to Australia and Hawaii, he came to Utah, and during the months the Express was in operation Mr. Hurst was in charge of this important station. The Indians in the vicinity at that time were very hostile, since they felt that the white man was usurping their lands and food supplies. The winter was exceptionally severe, and many of the tribesmen and their families were dying of cold and hunger. Mr. Hurst believed in the policy of Brigham Young - that of feeding the Indians rather than fighting them - and being a naturally kind hearted man, he desired to alleviate their suffering. Many times he gave the Indians who came to the station bread and also a kind of poi he had learned to make in the Islands. At Christmas time he gave them a special treat of a large plum pudding which he had steamed in flour sacks over a bon fire. The Indians were deeply appreciative of these acts of kindness and often warned him of hostile bands who were bent on destroying the station. Thus he had time to secure proper defenses."


It is apparent from the last entrees in his diary from Ruby valley that that station was the only one standing for miles around.


* * * * *


Following his rather dramatic account of the reception that was given him and his Brother C. C. Hurst, he made no day to day journal of his activities. He did make several individual entries as impressions came to him. These are recorded in the closing pages of this history. Though he made no records of events it would seem proper to state that he returned to his trade of house painting for a livelihood. Two children came to bless the home after his New Zealand Mission. A son Clement, who died in infancy, and a daughter who was given the name of Nellie, later becoming the wife of Charles Reeves of Brigham City, thus another large and honorable family sprang from this noble couple.

When it became necessary because of age to discontinue his trade, he spent his time with art painting, keeping a very beautiful garden of flowers and vegetables, as well as fruit trees to supply his needs. This home was on the corner of 4th North and 6th East at Logan, Utah. This was near the Logan temple where he spent much time doing work for those who had passed beyond. Life in his thinking was truly eternal, and it made but little difference with him whether he was helping those we call living, or the so called dead.

He had the misfortune of losing his companion in April of 1907. Later he married Mrs. Ann Norfolk, one of his New Zealand friends that he mentions several times in his diary.

For a number of years before his passing he would good naturedly tell his friends that he was getting homesick and would be glad when the time came for him to return home. This desire was granted him on the 30th of October, 1918, in his 85th year. His life had influenced people from all walks of life in many lands.

May I conclude with the expression of Dr. John A. Widsoe of the Council of the Twelve, as he expressed himself to me a few years ago, which was about as follows: "He always kept a beautiful flower garden at his home just below the Agricultural College at Logan, where I was laboring as the President of that institution. Naturally my responsibilities were heavy. In times of discouragement I would often take a walk real early in the morning when all was quiet, where I could be alone with my thoughts, or receive inspiration from other sources in the invigorating freshness of the morning air. But," says he, "I was never able to get out before your grandfather, for he was always out with a very cheery 'Good Morning', and if I gave no signs of being in a hurry he would come over to the edge of the garden and we would talk over the fence. It usually was not long until some remark we had made brought from his store of wisdom and experience some story of his earlier days, and I would listen to him. He had such a marvelous personality, and as his face glowed with faith and cheerfulness, one never tired of his stories of actual living for it seemed his life had reached out into every worthwhile activity of man.

He had a cheerfulness that would dispel any worry or fears and I would go back to my labors full of encouragement and faith in the purpose of life, and that God was interested in all of his children, and would overrule for the good and blessing of any who would trust in him to make life or tasks conform to the will of God. My acquaintance with him," he said, "has had a marked effect upon my life, for I never have spoken with him without feeling that I had received a lift, and was better prepared to carry on in my work. I congratulate you," he told me, "in having such a noble forbearer."


* * * * *




The New Zealand mission was originally an outgrowth of the Australian Mission. In 1854, at a conference held at Sydney, Australia, Augustus Franham, President of the Mission, was assigned to open up the work in New Zealand. In company with William Cook, an Australian convert, he left Sydney October 10, 1854, and arrived in Auckland October 27th. Elder Cook was left in charge on December 11, 1854. By the end of March 1855, Elder Cook had baptized 10 persons at Karori, and organized them into a branch of the Church. In 1867 an Elder Asmussen, from Zion, came to labor in New Zealand. He baptized two persons, William and James Burnett, brothers, at Kaiapai on the South Island, and with the assistance of these two converts commenced missionary work at Christchurch. On June 6th 1867 Elder Asmussen left New Zealand placing William Burnett in charge of the branch at Kaiapai which consisted of seven members. In 1870 Robert Beaucamp, the President of the Australian Mission which included New Zealand, visited New Zealand, and with the assistance of the Burnett Brothers and Brother Henry Allington, a school teacher at Karori, reorganized the branch at Karori, which with some new converts consisted of 20 members, and appointed Henry Allington to preside over same. Shortly afterward left placing William Burnett in charge of the New Zealand Conference, assisted by his brother.

As usual persecution arose, and in 1871 the question of the Mormon invasion was considered sufficiently important to be brought before the Colonial Parliament, but no action was taken on account of insufficient evidence of malfeasance.

On December 30, 1871, the first company of emigrating saints from New Zealand on record, consisting of 11 souls left Auckland by steamship Nevada. The company arrived in Salt Lake City, February 10, 1872. Another company of 9 emigrating Saints, in charge of Henry Allington, left Wellington for San Francisco in April 1872.

In the Fall of 1875, five Elders from Zion came to labor in New Zealand, namely, William McLachlin, appointed to preside over the conference, Thomas Steed, Fred and Charles Hurst, and John T. Rich. They labored with some degree of success until January 1877, when the Utah Elders were called home.


Enc. His. of the Church. p 580






Frederick's journal, beginning with page 86, mentions Johnston's army and the repercussions it had on the lives of the Saints in both California and Utah. The following relevant information comes from The Restored Church*, chapter 36: The Utah War, pages 321-333.

The Latter-day Saints fled to Utah to escape persecution in Missouri and Illinois. State and federal government had done nothing to prevent mobbings, rapes and murders in those states, and so the Saints had little confidence in the merits of government officials.

When Utah and other western areas became a U.S. Territory in 1848, President Fillmore made appointments to federal offices in the territory. Most of his appointees and their successors could sense the Saints' distrust, and reported a total lack of respect for the federal government, national laws and the Constitution. Some of them fabricated outright lies in their reports and claimed the Mormons were murdering any who questioned the authority of the Church.

One report said, "In relation to the present social and political condition of the territory of Utah... There is no disguising the fact that there is left no vestige of law and order, no protection for life or property; the civil laws of the territory are overshadowed and neutralized by a so-styled ecclesiastical organization, as despotic, dangerous, and damnable, as has ever been known to exist in any country, and which is ruining, not only those who do not subscribe to their religious code, but is driving the Mormon community to desperation." This was written by Mr. W. F. Magraw who had been underbid by a Mormon firm for the mail contract between Independence and Salt Lake City.

A federal appointee, Judge William W. Drummond, abandoned wife and children when he came to Utah to fill his post, bringing with him a harlot whom he introduced as his wife. He resigned his post in disgrace when the truth was made known, and later spread a multitude of false accusations against the Saints.

"These rank misrepresentations were relied on by the Federal Government as evidence of Mormon disregard for the law and as an excuse for the steps which followed. All the denials of the accusations seemingly were disregarded, and without waiting for a Federal investigation of the charges President Buchanan acted. On May 28, 1857, a portion of the Federal Army was ordered to mobilize at Fort Leavenworth and proceed thence to Utah.









* The Restored Church, by William E Berrett, Deseret Book Company, 1965


"While the reports of Judge Drummond and others stirred the President to issue his drastic order, the real causes of the 'war' which followed were largely political.

"In their platform of 1856 the Republican party had adopted a decided stand against the Mormons. This stand is embodied in the party plank adopted at Philadelphia June 17, 1856, which read:

" ' Resolved, that the Constitution confers upon Congress sovereign power over the territories of the United States for their government, and that in the exercise of this power it is both the right and the imperative duty of Congress to prohibit in the territories those twin relics of barbarism--polygamy and slavery.'

"The Republican plan was to throw upon the democratic party, which in their platform defended the right of the territories to determine for themselves the domestic problems of slavery the position of defending also the right of a territory to determine for itself the domestic problems of marriage. So stirred up had the country become over the Mormons and their 'plural marriage' doctrine, that the Democratic party had no desire to carry their platform to its logical conclusion. The 'Expedition' against the Mormons by a Democratic administration would show tot he voters of the Nation that the Democrats, no less than the Republicans, were opposed to the Mormon people and their practices.

"John Taylor, who was ... in New York City, during the formative period of the Utah expedition, said later in the year during an address to the Saints in Utah:

" 'The Republicans were determined to make the Mormon question tell in their favor. At the time they were trying to elect Fremont they put two questions into their platform, viz., opposition to the domestic institutions of the South and to polygamy. The Democrats have professed to be our friends, and they go to work to sustain the domestic institutions of the South and the rights of the people; but when they do that the Republicans throw polygamy at them and are determined to make them swallow that with the other (i.e. slavery). This makes the Democrats gag and they have felt a strong desire to get rid of the Mormon question. Some of them, I know, for some time past, have been concocting plans to divide up Utah among the several territories around, and I believe a bill having this object in view was prepared once or twice and came pretty nearly being presented to Congress, but that was not done.... They wish now to steal the Republicans' thunder, to take the wind out of their sail, and to out-Herod Herod. Say they: "We, who profess to be the friends of the Mormons and support free institutions, squatter sovereignty and equal rights, will do more to the Mormons than you dare do; and we will procure offices by that means and save our party." '

"The sending of the 'Expedition' was encouraged by the pro-slavery group on the grounds that it would definitely curtail the move for statehood which had begun with renewed vigor and insistence in 1855.

"If it could be made to appear that the Mormons were in rebellion against the United States, whether the facts supported that view or not, the danger of Utah as a new 'free state' would be inevitably postponed.

"Thus it was that the charges of Drummond were eagerly seized upon. An investigation was neither desired, nor made, for fear that the true state of affairs might not warrant the political expediency offered.

"The cries of conspirators in Utah for the removal of Governor Young led President Buchanan to appoint new territorial officers. Alfred Cumming was appointed as Governor and accompanied the 'Expedition' West from Fort Leavenworth."

On July 24, 1857, news came from the east that "a United States army and supply trains were on the plains enroute to Utah. The exact purpose of the army was unknown, but the rumors were that they were coming 'to suppress the Mormons.'

"The difficulty of communication in those days and the isolation of the Saints in the Utah valleys made it possible for the 'Army' to be well under way to the West before the Utah people became aware of it."


"Preparations for 'war'... went quietly forward. ... August 1, 1857, General Wells reported to the officers and men of the Nauvoo Legion the approach of an army to invade Utah. He instructed the district commanders to hold their respective divisions of the militia in readiness to march at the shortest possible notice to any party of the territory. They were cautioned to 'Avoid all excitement, but be ready.'

"Word was also sent throughout the settlements to conserve the grain supply, to use none for the feeding of cattle, and to sell none to emigrant trains for that purpose.

"The members of the Apostles' quorum presiding over the missions were recalled home and nearly all the elders on missions were recalled....

"The people in the outlying settlements of San Bernardino, California, Carson, Nevada, and on the Salmon River in Idaho, were ordered to dispose of their property and return to Salt Lake Valley...

"By way of further preparation, expeditions were sent out to locate the best places in the mountains for making a determined resistance to armed forces. Colonel Robert T. Burton of the Nauvoo Legion was sent on August 15, with a small detachment to the east, presumably to protect the incoming Mormon emigrants, but in reality to learn the location, strength, and equipment of the United States army, and to report their progress from day to day by 'riders.'

"A volunteer company was called to proceed northward and establish a settlement near Fort Hall. This was in reality a detachment of militia to watch the northern route into Utah in the event the 'Army' attempted to enter from that direction.

"General Wells, with the main body of the militia, proceeded to Echo Canyon and fortified that natural barrier sufficiently to withstand a considerable force of troops.

"The attitude of Brigham Young during this crisis was a firm and determined one. When the news reached him at Silver Lake he had said:

" 'Liars have reported that this people have committed treason, and upon their representations the President has ordered out troops to assist in officering the territory. We have transgressed no law, neither do we intend to do so; but as for any nation coming to destroy this people, God Almighty being my helper, it shall not be.' "


"It was unfortunate that the purpose of the administration in sending the Expedition to Utah was not understood by the Church leaders. Could they have known the nature of the splendid officers and personnel of the expedition and been aware of the instructions to them from the war department, many of the complications which followed would not have occurred. But the Saints had no way of knowing those facts and the government had taken great pains to keep them in the dark rather than to inform them. Thus it was easy for a people who had endured so much in the way of persecution to believe the ribaldry of the rank and file of the camp.

"Some of Burton's command of Scouts, disguised as California emigrants, mingled constantly with the camps of the Utah Expedition. Their reports were to the effect that the soldiers were boasting they would drive and plunder the Mormons and 'scalp old Brigham.'

"Elder John Taylor said to Vice President Schuyler Colfax in 1869:

" 'We had men in all their camps, and knew what was intended. There was a continual boast among the men and officers even before they left the Missouri river, of what they intended to do with the Mormons. The houses were picked out that certain persons were to inhabit; farms, property, and women were to be distributed. "Beauty and Booty" was their watchword. We were to have another grand Mormon conquest, and our houses, gardens, orchards, vineyards, fields, wives and daughters to be the spoils.'

"It was natural in the face of such reports and without an acquaintance with the sealed orders to the expedition commander, that the Saints expected the worst. Repeatedly they had been driven until there was no further place to which to flee. They decided to resist further persecution to the last drop of their blood.

"Such was the situation when Captain Van Vliet, advance courier of the "Army," arrived in Salt Lake City in September. On the 9th of that month the Captain met with the leading Church authorities... Van Vliet was seeking arrangements for food and forage, etc., for the army when it arrived in the city. The assurances of Van Vliet that the army was not coming to make war was not convincing to the Church leaders. The captain was courteously informed that no hostile army would be allowed to enter the territory. Federal officers would be welcomed without troops, if they came in peace. The attitude of the Saints is shown in the report of Van Vliet to his superiors:

" 'In the course of my conversation with the Governor and the influential men of the Territory, I told them... that they might prevent the small military force now approaching Utah from getting through the narrow defiles and rugged passes of the mountains this year, but that next season the United States Government would send troops sufficient to overcome all opposition. The answer to this was invariably the same: "We are aware that such will be the case; but when those troops arrive they will find Utah a desert. Every house will be burned to the ground, every tree cut down, and every field laid waste. We have three years' provisions on hand, which we will cache, and then take to the mountains and bid defiance to all the powers of the Government..." '

"Captain Van Vliet was impressed with the sincerity and orderliness of the Mormon people and felt convinced that the whole 'Expedition' was a mistake. His report to the Secretary of War, delivered personally at Washington, D.C., opened the way for the sending of a peace commission.

"After the departure of Van Vliet from Salt Lake City, Governor Young issued a proclamation declaring the territory under martial law. General Wells made his headquarters in Echo Canyon and commenced raising additional forces, amounting to 1,250 men at that place."

General Wells sent scouts to delay the march of the army with instructions to "...annoy them in every possible way. Use every exertion to stampede their animals and set fire to their trains. Burn the whole country before them, and on their flanks. Keep them from sleeping by night surprises; blockade the road by falling trees or destroying the river fords where you can. ... Keep your men concealed as much as possible, and guard against surprise... Take no life, but destroy their trains, and stampede or drive away their animals at every opportunity."

"The government cavalry, which at times attempted to pursue Lot Smith's forces, were easily outrun because of the lighter equipment and better condition of the latter's mounts.

"The only shots of the war were fired by a party of United States cavalry, under Major Marcy, who came near to capturing Major Smith. The shots did no more damage than the killing of two horses, however...

"Early in November, 1857, General Johnston arrived at the main 'Army' camp on Hamm's Fork...

"...the command moved toward Fort Bridger. The distance was less than 40 miles, but the army found it a barren desert. The grass for their stock was burned. The road was obstructed at every conceivable point. Fuel other than sagebrush could not be found. In addition, the troops faced one of the severest blizzards of the winter. The oxen weakened from lack of forage and many died. The journey took them 15 days. When they reached Fort Bridger they found it in ashes, as well as Fort Supply 12 miles away."

"The failure of the Army to reach Salt Lake Valley in 1857 proved the undoing of the whole political scheme behind the Expedition. The excessive cost of the Expedition and the ill-conceived haste with which it had been begun, aroused criticism over the entire nation."

When the federally appointed governor arrived in Salt Lake City he was greeted cordially and recognized as governor. "He reported to Washington the true state of affairs and the deliberate falseness of Drummond's charges."

In April 1858 President Buchanan sent a peace commission with a proclamation that: "... declared the Church leader to be in a state of 'rebellion' and 'treason,' yet in order to prevent the shedding of blood, granted a pardon to all who would submit to the authority of the federal government."

"Brigham Young declared that the Church leaders were not guilty of treason or rebellion, but would accept the pardon.

"It was agreed that the Army would be allowed to pass through the city unmolested, providing they were not permitted to stop and would camp at least forty miles away."

In June of 1858, the army established a permanent camp in Cedar Valley and remained there until the outbreak of the Civil War when it was abandoned.


(Due to such a large excerpt from a copyrighted book, this section of the appendix must not be included in any use of this manuscript that entails a financial transaction, such as producing copies for sale.)






Joyce Holt

425 228-2872